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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čEke-t
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 coniferous forest 2 pistacio nut 3 (fruit) stone, seed 4 hazel-nut 5 wild jujube 6 young coniferous growth 7 bush, shrub 8 fir branch
Russian meaning: 1 лес (хвойный) 2 фисташковый орех 3 косточка, семечко 4 лесной орех 5 дикая ююба 6 молодые хвойные поросли 7 кустарник 8 ветка ели
Karakhanid: šeki-r-tük 2 (MK)
Turkish: čeki-r-dek 3
Tatar: čiki 4 (dial.)
Middle Turkic: čeke-r-dek, čekidɛ 5 (Pav. C., R - Babur)
Shor: šet 7 (R)
Oyrat: čet aɣaš 6
Tuva: šet 6
Kirghiz: čege-dek, čege-l-dek 8
Noghai: šege-r 7
Balkar: čeget 'forest, wood' (Karach.), 'North' (Balk.)
Gagauz: čekerdek 3
Karaim: čegirdek, čekirdek 3, čeger 'blackthorn'
Comments: VEWT 102, EDT 867-868. Morphologically -t - is a collective suffix, -dak/-dɨk - a denominative suffix. The word is attested in MK, but in an aberrant (dialectal) shape with š-, and the meaning 'nut' is probably secondary, the original meaning of the root being 'coniferous tree, branch'. Several other plant names may be related, cf.: Chag. čekɛ 'berries found in the Fergana mountains'; Uzb. čakanda 'облепиха крушиновидная', Uygh. čäkändä 'a bush with red fruits' (R 3, 1947 Taranchi, mod. čakanda 'a k. of thorny bush'), Az. čäkil 'mulberry'; Kirgh. South. čekende 'хвойник; кузьмичева трава; эфедра двуколосковая' (its pseudoberries are edible; despite Yudakhin, not < Iranian - the word is not attested in Persian). Turk. > Pers. čäkäldäk 'blackberry' (Гаффаров).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`ā̀ki
Meaning: a k. of coniferous tree
Russian meaning: вид хвойного дерева
Turkic: *čEket
Mongolian: *čigör-
Tungus-Manchu: *čāK-
Comments: EAS 63. A Western isogloss.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čigör-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cypress tree
Russian meaning: кипарис
Middle Mongolian: čigorsun (pl. čigot) (HY 6, SH)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čāK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fir-tree
Russian meaning: ель
Evenki: čākre
Comments: ТМС 2, 379. Isolated in Evk., but having possible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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