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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to erect (a building), to establish
Russian meaning: строить, устанавливать
Old Turkic: qur- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qur- (MK)
Turkish: kur-
Tatar: qor-
Middle Turkic: qur- (AH, Houts.)
Uzbek: qur-
Uighur: qu(r)-
Azerbaidzhan: Gur-
Turkmen: Gur-
Kirghiz: qur-
Kazakh: qur-
Noghai: qur-
Bashkir: qor-
Balkar: qur-
Gagauz: qur-
Karaim: qur-
Karakalpak: qur-
Kumyk: qur-
Comments: VEWT 302, EDT 643, ЭСТЯ 6, 156-157. There is also a derivative *Kur-gan (see e.g. TMN 3, 542-543), which is sometimes hard to distinguish from *Kōrɨ-kan (see *Kōrɨ-).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kuri
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wattle, fence, enclosure, building
Russian meaning: плетень, забор, огороженное место, постройка
Turkic: *Kur-
Mongolian: *kürijen
Tungus-Manchu: *kori
Japanese: *kuru-wa
Comments: KW 187, SKE 125, Poppe 88, TMN 1, 434. The root is actively contaminating with *k`ṓra q. v.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kürijen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: enclosure
Russian meaning: огороженное место, двор, забор
Written Mongolian: kürijen (L 506)
Middle Mongolian: gurijen (HY 4) 'fenced well', gure'en (SH)
Khalkha: xürēn
Buriat: xüŕē 'glass rim', xüŕēl- 'to fence, enclose', xüŕēn 'monastery'
Kalmuck: kürǟ (КРС)
Ordos: kürē
Dongxian: Goron
Dagur: xorē
Shary-Yoghur: kürēleg
Monguor: kuraŋ
Comments: MGCD 400. Mong. can hardly be the source of MTurk. qurɨqan, despite Щербак 1997, 206; Mong. > Evk. kurē̃ etc.; Chag. küren, see TMN 1, 479, Doerfer MT 24, Rozycki 147; Yak., Dolg. kürüö, see Kaɫ. MEJ 33, Stachowski 166). On Mong. > Russ. kuréń see Аникин 328.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kori
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 frame, blockhouse 2 cage 3 shed
Russian meaning: 1 сруб 2 клетка 3 хлев
Negidal: koj 1
Literary Manchu: χorin 2,3
Ulcha: qorị 1,2
Orok: qorị 1
Nanai: qorị 1
Oroch: koi 1
Udighe: koai- (Корм. 249), kua- 'to make a blockhouse'
Comments: ТМС 1, 415. The listed forms cannot be regarded as mongolisms, despite Doerfer MT 77 (although forms like Evk. korigan are certainly < Mong., see Poppe 1966, 191).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kuru-wa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fortress embankment; quarter
Russian meaning: крепостной вал; квартал
Middle Japanese: kuru-wa
Tokyo: kùruwa
Kyoto: kúrúwá
Kagoshima: kuruwá
Comments: The accent is unclear: either *kúrúwá or *kùrúwá.
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *KurV
Meaning: to fasten
Indo-European: *kʷer-
Altaic: *kuri
Uralic: *kure
Kartvelian: ? *kor- 'house, building'
Dravidian: *kurV (DED 121) [Tamil kurampu 'bank, dam, etc.'?]
References: МССНЯ 365, ОСНЯ 1, 359-360; ND 1142 *ḲurV 'to plait/wattle/tie together' (+Sem.?)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *k(ʷ)Ar(ǝ)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to make
Old Indian: karóti, imp. kuru, kr̥ṇóti `to do, make', ptc. kr̥tá-; kará- `doing, making', m. `hand; elephant's trunk'; kāra- `making, doing', m. `act, action'; kárman- n. `act, action, performance'
Avestan: kǝrǝnaoiti `macht, vollführt, bereitet, tut'; čarā `Mittel, Hilfsmittel, čāra `Mittel, Hilfe, List'
Other Iranian: NPers čār `Mittel'
Slavic: *kъrčь(jь)
Baltic: *kur̂- vb. tr.
Celtic: OIr cruth `Gestalt', MIr creth `Dichtung'; Cymr paraf `bewirke, verschaffe', inf. peri, 3 sg. prt. peris; pybyr `tatkräftig'; prydu `dichten', prydydd `Dichter'; pryd `Aussehen', Corn pery `du wirst machen'
Russ. meaning: делать, творить
References: WP I 517 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: корч
Near etymology: II, корчий "кузнец, котельный мастер", цслав., русск.-цслав. кърчии "кузнец", χαλκεύς, Ио. Экзарх, Златостр. и др. (см. Срезн. I, 1412).
Further etymology: Обычно исходят из *кърьць и сравнивают как родственное с лит. kuriù, kùrti "создавать", др.-инд. kr̥ṇṓti, karṓti "делает, исполняет", кимр. реri "делать", рrуdуdd "поэт", ирл. сrеth "поэзия"; см. Остхоф, "Раrеrgа", 23; ВВ 24, 112; Бернекер 1, 671; Эндзелин, СБЭ 19; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 128. В отличие от них Кнутссон (ZfslPh 4, 387 и сл.) предполагает заимствование из тюрк., сравнивая с вост. тюрк. kurč "сталь", тат. kоrоč, алт., тел., леб., узб. kurč "острый, сильный, сталь" + суф. -či (ср. казначе́й).
Pages: 2,340-341
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kur̂- vb. tr.
Meaning: make, build
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: kùrti (kùria, kū́rē) 'gründen, bauen, errichten, hervorbringen, schaffen'
Old Prussian: kūra `baut' Ench. 63, 23
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1095
Root: kʷer-1
English meaning: to do
German meaning: `machen, gestalten'
General comments: vielleicht ursprünglich von irgendeiner nicht mehr bestimmbaren Handwerkstätigkeit
Material: Ai. karṓti (Imper. kuru), kr̥ṇṓti `macht, vollbringt', Partiz. kr̥tá-; kará- `tuend, machend', m. `Hand, Elefantenrüssel', kāra- `machend', m. `Tat', kárman- n. `Handlung, Werk', karmāra-ḥ `Schmied'; kr̥ti- `Tat'; saṃ-kr̥t `einmal'; daneben mit s- pari-ṣkar- und saṃ-skar-;

    av. kǝrǝnaoiti `macht, vollführt, tut', kǝrǝtay- `Tat', Infin. kǝrǝtǝ̄e, apers. akunavam, karta-; av. čārā `Mittel, Hilfsmittel', np. čār `Mittel', cāra `Mittel, Hilfe, List'(= sl. čara `Zauber', s. unten);

    osk. petiro-pert `viermal' (: ai. saṃ-kr̥t);

    cymr. paraf `bewirke, verschaffe', Verbaln. peri, wozu redupl. (aus einem redupl. Präs.?) wohl cymr. pybyr `tatkräftig';

    air. cruth `Gestalt', cymr. pryd (*kʷr̥tu-) `Gestalt, Zeit'; dazu vielleicht air. Cru(i)thin, mcymr. Prydyn `Pikten'; cymr. Prydain `Britannien' hat die Endung von Rhufain (Rōmanī) bezogen; acorn. prit, mcorn. prys, bret. pred `Zeit'; mir. creth `Dichtung' (*kʷr̥to-), cymr. prydu `dichten', prydydd `Dichter';

    lit. kuriù, kùrti `errichten, bauen, machen', daraus vielleicht `Feuer anmachen, heizen'; lett. kur̃t `anfeuern, heizen', apr. kūra `erbaute'; anders oben S. 572.

    Hierher mit der Bed. `es jemandem antun, verhexen', auch ai. kr̥tyā́ (`Handlung, Tat' und:) `Behexung, Zauber' u. dgl., gr. τέρας n. `Wunderzeichen', πέλωρ n. `Ungetüm, Ungeheuer', τελώριος μέγας, πελώριος Hes.; das π- ist Äolismus; πέλωρ, τέλωρ aus *πέρωρ, *τέρωρ dissimiliert; lit.keriù, kerė́ti `jemanden bezaubern, in der Gesundheit schädigen', kẽras `Zauber', slav. čara f. `Zauber' in abg. čarodějь `Zauberer', čari f. Pl. `Zauber, Reiz' usw.;

    vielleicht mit anlaut. s- (vgl. ai. saṃ-skar-) ai. ā-ścarya- `seltsam, wunderbar', n. `Wunder', aisl. skars n. `ein Ungeheuer; Riesin', skersa f. `Riesin', skyrse m. `(übles) Vorzeichen, Phantom' (welche die suffixale Schwundstufe des es-St. τέρας enthielten).

References: WP. I 517 f., WH. I 165, 273, Trautmann 127.
Pages: 641-642
PIE database: PIE database
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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 424
Proto: *kure
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to bind
German meaning: binden, schnüren
Finnish: kuro- 'fälteln, kräuseln; abschnüren, schnüren' (? > Est. dial. kuru- 'falten, Falten machen'), kure (gen. kureen) 'Falte, Runzel'
Saam (Lapp): gǫrrâ- (N) 'tie together', kårrå- (L) 'zusammenbinden, -heften', korri̊- (T), kōrre- (Kld. Not.), korrø- (A) 'binden'
Komi (Zyrian): ke̮r- 'falten, krümmen' ?
Nenets (Yurak): χūrā- (O) 'die Last im Schlitten festschnüren', χurku 'aus Rentiersehnen geflochtener Strick'
Enets (Yen): кураза 'увязал'
Nganasan (Tawgi): kürüd́a 'запутать'
Selkup: kura- (Ta., Ty.) 'flechten', kŭra- (Ke.)
Kamass: kшr-
Addenda: Koib. курлямъ 'плету'; Mot. курамъ; Taig. körü 'Strick'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-saa,uralet-kom,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-add,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *kor-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дом
English meaning: house
Georgian: kor-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Obergeschoss, Stockwerk
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Obergeschoss, Stockwerk
Svan: kor-
Notes and references: EWK 379-380. Ср. алт. *kuru 'забор, здание'.
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