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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *de(b)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 song 2 to shamanize 3 tune
Russian meaning: 2 песня 2 камлать 3 напев
Evenki: dewej 1, dew-ǯeki- 2
Literary Manchu: dejeŋgu 3
Oroch: dǟ-saŋgo 'chorus in shamanizing'
Comments: ТМС 1, 228, 230.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tḗ
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to say, sound
Russian meaning: говорить, звучать
Turkic: *dē-
Mongolian: *dawu-
Tungus-Manchu: *de(b)-
Comments: A Western isogloss. One of several monosyllabic verbal roots.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to say
Russian meaning: сказать, говорить
Old Turkic: te- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: te- (MK, KB) 1
Turkish: de-
Tatar: di-
Middle Turkic: di- (Abush.), te- (MA)
Uzbek: de-
Uighur: dä-
Sary-Yughur: di-
Azerbaidzhan: de-
Turkmen: dī-
Khakassian: tǝ-
Shor: te-
Oyrat: de-
Chuvash: te-
Yakut: die-
Dolgan: die-
Tuva: de-
Tofalar: de-
Kirghiz: te-
Kazakh: de-
Noghai: de-
Bashkir: ti-
Balkar: de-
Gagauz: de-
Karaim: de-
Karakalpak: de-
Salar: dij-
Kumyk: de-
Comments: VEWT 467-8, EDT 433-4, ЭСТЯ 3, 221-224, Stachowski 79. Kypchak and some other languages preserve voiced d- due to the word's grammaticalized usage.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *dawu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sound, voice, song
Russian meaning: звук, голос, песня
Written Mongolian: daɣu(n), daɣuu, duu (L 219, 278)
Middle Mongolian: dau'un (HY 42), dau'u (SH), daulaxči 'singer' (HY 30), da'ū (IM)
Khalkha: dū(n)
Buriat: dū(n)
Kalmuck: dūn
Ordos: dū(n)
Dongxian: don, duan 'voice, song'
Baoan: doŋ, dun
Dagur: dau (Тод. Даг. 135, MD 133)
Shary-Yoghur: dūn
Monguor: (SM 62), dau (Minghe)
Mogol: daun (Weiers), döün; ZM doun (5-6a)
Comments: KW 104, MGCD 233. Mong. daɣu-la- > Evk. dawlā etc., see Doerfer MT 61.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tVHV
Meaning: to say
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dē- (Hitt.-Slav.)
Altaic: *tḗ
Kartvelian: *txow- (or *tkw- 1056, *ṭq̇w- 1116)
Dravidian: SDr *Tev- 'to beg' (+ Tel. dēv-)
References: МССНЯ 365; ND 2288 *teʔq[ü] 'to say, talk to' (Alt, IE + Kartv. *ṭq̇ʷ- + Cush.); 2334 *ṭeɣwV 'ask for, beg' (Drav. + Kartv. *txow- + Cush. and quest. Arab.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *d(h)ē-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to say
Hittite: te- (I) 'sagen' (Friedrich 219-220)
Slavic: *dētī, *dēmь `sagen'
Baltic: *dē̂-w-ē̂- (1) vb.
Russ. meaning: говорить
References: WP I 826 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: де
Near etymology: -- част., первонач. при цитировании чужой речи, др.-русск. дѣи, дѣй (полоцк. грам. XV в.: дѣи -- Напьерский 242 и сл.), де (Гагара, 1634 г., Азовск. Вз., см. РФВ 56, 164), укр. дi "именно, то есть", первонач. "он говорит", ст.-слав. дѣѥши ли μή (Супр.), др.-польск. dzie "inquit". Первонач. З л. ед. ч. děje(tь) "он говорит"; см. Соболевский, Лекции 96; ЖМНП, 1897, ноябрь, стр. 63; 1903, сент., стр. 162; И. Шмидт, KSchlBeitr. 7, 248; Срезн. I, 802; Педерсен, KZ 40, 147; Бернекер 1, 192; Френкель, IF 41, 393; 56, 127; Преобр. 1, 175, 209. См. деть. Точно так же де́скать из *děje sъkazati (Бернекер, там же). Неправильно Mi. TE1., Доп. 2, 102.
Pages: 1,489-490
vasmer-general,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *dē̂-w-ē̂- (1) vb.
Meaning: call
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lettish: dẽvêt (-ēju), dāvêt, dàvât2 'nennen, für etwas ausgeben, halten für etw.'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lett,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *txow-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пpосить, жениться
English meaning: to ask; to marry
Georgian: txov-
Megrel: tx(w)-
Laz: tx(w)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 99 (*txo-), EWK 174.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVHV
Meaning : say
Eurasiatic : *tVHV
Afroasiatic : *taʔ- (cf. also *taw/y-, *diʕ-/*duʕ-)
Amerind (misc.) : *ti 'say' (R 597)
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-amer,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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