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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kadara-ku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: courageous, diligent
Russian meaning: смелый, храбрый, старательный
Literary Manchu: qadaraqu
Ulcha: qāda-
Orok: qadaraqu
Nanai: qadaraqo
Comments: ТМС 1, 360.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kádì(rV)
Meaning: strong, oppressive
Russian meaning: сильный, жестокий
Turkic: *Kadɨr
Mongolian: *keder
Tungus-Manchu: *kadara-ku
Japanese: *kítú-
Comments: A suffixed form *kádì-rV is reflected in most subgroups.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kadɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hard, strong, cruel
Russian meaning: крепкий, сильный, жестокий
Old Turkic: qadɨr (Orkh., OUygh.)
Khakassian: xazɨr
Shor: qazɨr
Oyrat: qajɨr
Yakut: xatārɨj- 'вымещать мстительность, неприязнь, злопамятствовать'
Tuva: Todzh. xadɨr
Kirghiz: qajɨr 'contradiction, objection'
Bashkir: qajɨr (dial.)
Balkar: qajɨr 'angry'
Comments: VEWT 218, TMN 3, 378-379, ЭСТЯ 5, 216.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *keder
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: angry, inobedient
Russian meaning: сердитый, упрямый
Written Mongolian: keder (L 441)
Middle Mongolian: keder 'haughty' (MA 213)
Khalkha: xeder
Buriat: xeder
Kalmuck: kedṛ
Comments: KW 222. Chag. keden translating the MMong. form may be a distorted mongolism.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kítú-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strong, brave
Russian meaning: сильный, храбрый, суровый
Middle Japanese: kitu-
Tokyo: kìtsu-
Kyoto: kìtsù-
Kagoshima: kitsú-
Comments: JLTT 832.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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