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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)ag-su-, *(h)aɣu-ra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 borrowing or lending money at interest, loan 2 belongings, possessions
Russian meaning: 1 заем 2 собственность, пожитки
Written Mongolian: aɣsun (L 15) 1, aɣura, aɣura-su(n) 2 (L 18); aɣsu- 'troquer une chose contre une autre'
Khalkha: agsan 1, ūrs(an) 2
Buriat: agsa- 'to barter'
Monguor: asGu- 'donner ou recevoir en prêt, louer' (SM 15)
Comments: Mong. aɣura > Man. aGura, Nan. aχura 'household objects', see Poppe 1966, 189.

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ằgò
Meaning: trade
Russian meaning: торговля
Turkic: *Agɨ
Mongolian: *(h)ag-su-, *(h)aɣu-ra-
Japanese: *àkì
Comments: Владимирцов 319 (Turk.-Mong.). An interesting common Altaic economic term, denoting the barter process or barter objects.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Agɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 treasure 2 silk brocade
Russian meaning: 1 сокровище 2 парча
Old Turkic: aɣɨ (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: aɣɨ (MK, KB) 2
Turkish: Osm. aɣɨ, dial. aɣɨ 2
Middle Turkic: aɣɨ 2
Comments: EDT 78. Clauson points out that the oldest attested meaning is 'treasure', later concretized to 'silk brocade'.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *àkì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 trade 2 to trade
Russian meaning: 1 торговля 2 торговать
Old Japanese: akji 1, akjinap- 2
Middle Japanese: àkìnaf- 2
Tokyo: akiná- 2
Kyoto: ákíná- 2
Kagoshima: akiná- 2
Comments: JLTT 675. The accent in Kagoshima is irregular. Cf. also OJ akap-, MJ àgàf- (aka-f-), aganaf- 'to buy, pay for' (JLTT 674, 675).

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