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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bevel 2 look askance, squint
Russian meaning: 1 скашивать 2 смотреть искоса, косить
Written Mongolian: gileji- (L 382: gilaji-) 2, gilčiji- 1
Khalkha: gilǯij- 'to trend, bend, squint'
Buriat: gelžɨ- 'to trend'
Kalmuck: gils-gils giǯ xǝl- (КРС 144) 2, gilčī- 1
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gilu ( ~ -o, -a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: curved object
Russian meaning: искривленный предмет
Turkic: *Kɨlɨ
Mongolian: *gil-
Tungus-Manchu: *gil-
Comments: A Western isogloss; cf. *gi̯ā́ĺu.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨlɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: handle, ear (of a kettle, bucket)
Russian meaning: ручка, ушко (чайника, ведра)
Tatar: qɨlɨ, qɨl (dial.)
Khakassian: xɨlɣa, xɨlčɨ
Shor: qɨlčɨ
Oyrat: qɨlɨ, qɨld́ɨ
Yakut: kɨld́ɨ
Kazakh: qɨlɨ
Bashkir: qɨlɨ, qɨlɨs (dial.)
Comments: VEWT 263, ЭСТЯ 6, 209-210.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ring 2 bracelet
Russian meaning: 1 кольцо 2 браслет
Evenki: gildī 1
Negidal: gilǯixēn 1
Ulcha: gileptu(n) 2
Solon: diĺaptun 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 83, 150.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *gIlu
Meaning: curved
Indo-European: *g'hu̯el-
Altaic: *gilu ( ~ -o, -a)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *g'hwelǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to wind, to shift, to lie (tell lies)
Old Indian: hvárati, hvárate, hvr̥ṇāti, hruṇāti `to deviate, to be crooked, bent', hválati `to go crookedly, stumble, fall, fail', ptc. hrutá-, hvr̥tá-; hū́rchati `to go crookedly, creep stealthily, totter'; hváras- n. `crookedness, deceit', hvārá- m. `serpent'
Avestan: zbarǝmnǝm `den krummgehenden', zbaraɵa- n. `Fuss daevischer Wesen', zbarah- n. `Hügel', zū̆rah- n. `Unrecht, Trug'
Other Iranian: NPers zūr `falsch; Lüge'
Slavic: *zъlъ(jь), *zъlo
Baltic: *ǯwel̂- (2) vb. tr., *ǯwel-n-u- adj., *ǯwal-u- adj., *ǯwal̂-n-a- (2) adj., *ǯwil̃-n-a- adj., *ǯwil- vb. intr., *ǯul̂-n-uadj., *ǯū̂l-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: изгибаться; изворачиваться, лгать
References: WP I 643 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: зло́й,
Near etymology: зла́я, зло́е, зол, зла, зло, укр. злий, др.-русск., ст.-слав. зълъ, зъла, зъло πονηρός, κακός (Супр.), болг. зъл, нареч. зле, сербохорв. за̏о, зла̏, зло̏, словен. zǝ̀l, zlà, чеш., слвц. zlý, польск. zɫу, в.-луж., н.-луж. zɫу "злой".
Further etymology: Родственно лит. atžū́las, atžūlùs "черствый, бесчеловечный", įžūlùs "надоедливый, наглый, грубый", авест. zūrah-, ср. р. "несправедливость", нов.-перс. zūr "фальшивый, ложь"; с другим чередованием: лит. žvalùs "проворный", žvilavo -- 3. л. ед. ч. прош. вр. "кланялся", лтш. zvel̂t, zvel̨u, zvēlu "катать, наклонять", др.-инд. hvárati, hválati "идет кривыми путями, петляет, спотыкается, падает", авест. zbaraiti -- то же, осет. æwzær "плохой"; см. Бецценбергер, ВВ 21, 316; Траутман, KZ 43, 173; ВSW 372 и сл.; М.--Э. 4, 770; Розвадовский, RО 1, 104; Буга, РФВ 75, 155; Леви, ZfslPh 1, 416; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 363. Ильинский (РФВ 61, 227) неверно отделяет слав. слова от остальных и связывает зълъ с назо́л "горе", греч. χόλος "желчь".
Pages: 2,99
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *ǯwel̂- (2) vb. tr., *ǯwel-n-u- adj., *ǯwal-u- adj., *ǯwal̂-n-a- (2) adj., *ǯwil̃-n-a- adj., *ǯwil- vb. intr., *ǯul̂-n-uadj., *ǯū̂l-a- adj.
Meaning: twist, turn, etc.
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: nuo-žvelnù- `abschüssig', žvalù- `geschickt; flink, behend'; į-žvil̃na- `schräg, schief'; pa-žvilti `sich neigen'; pažùlnu- `schräge, abschüssig'; at-žū́la- `schroff, grob, hart, unhöflich, unbarmherzig'
Lettish: *zvel̂t (zvel̂t2, zvèlt2) (zvel̨u, zvēlu) `wälzen, fortbewegen, umwerfen, abbeugen'; zvalns `schwankend, wackelig; unschlüssig'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 748
Root: ĝhu̯el-
English meaning: to bend, swerve
German meaning: `sich krümmen, von der geraden Richtung abbiegen (auch geistig und sittlich) u. dgl.'
Derivatives: ĝhu̯elo-s `gekrümmt'
Material: Ai. hváratē `biegt von der geraden Richtung ab, macht krumme Wege', hválati `gerät auf Abwege, strauchelt, irrt', juhurāṇá- `mißglückend', víhruta- `schadhaft, krank', hruṇāti `geht irre', Partiz. hrutá-, geneuert hvr̥tá-; hū́rchati `geht schief, gleitet, schwankt, fällt'; hváras- n. `Krümmung', hvará- m. `Schlange', vihrút- f. `Art Schlange oder Wurm';

    av. zbarǝmna- `krumm gehend', zbaraɵa- n. `Fuß daēvischer Wesen', zbarah- n. `Hügel', zūrah- n. `Unrecht, Trug', npers. zūr `falsch; Lüge';

    gr. φαλίπτει μωραίνει Hes., φαλός `stammelnd, töricht' Hes. und wahrscheinlich φάλος m. `hornartiger Vorsprung am Helm', vermutlich φολκός, Beiwort des Thersites B. 217, etwa `krummbeinig'; vielleicht auch ἀποφώλιος `trügerisch' (ō-stufig), φη̃λος `betrügerisch', φηλήτης `Betrüger', φηλόω (dor. φᾱλόω) betrüge';

    lat. fallō, -ere `täuschen, betrügen; unwirksam machen; sich entziehen; unbemerkt bleiben' (`*krumme Wege machen; ausbiegen'; *ĝhu̯elnō, vgl. ai. hruṇāti);

    lit. nuožvelnùs `abschüssig'; žvalùs `geschickt; flink, behend' (`*sich leicht biegend'); ablaut. įžvil̃nas `schräg, schief' (*ĝhu̯ḷ-), pažvil-ti, -au `sich neigen', žvylúoti `schaukeln, schwanken'; pražul̃nas (*ĝhul-) `schräge, schief', pažùlnus ds.; atžúlas, -us `schroff, hart, unhöflich, unbarmherzig' u. dgl.;

    lett. zvel'u, zvêl'u, zvel̂t `wälzen, fortbewegen, umwerfen; schlagen', refl. `sich schwerfällig fortbewegen, sich wälzen, umfallen', zval̂stîtiês `wanken, schwanken', zval̂ns `schwankend';

    aksl. zъlъ `böse, schlimm', skr. zȁo (f. zlȁ), russ. zoɫ (f. zɫa) ds.;

    vielleicht *ĝhu̯-el- aus einem ĝheu- `schief' erweitert; vgl. *ĝhu̯-er- in lit. žurlė `eine Rankenpflanze' (*ghu̯r̥-lo-), gr. θέρμος m. `Feigenbohne' (*gu̯her-mo-).

References: WP. I 643 f., WH. I 448, Trautmann 372 f.
Pages: 489-490
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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