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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *muri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: halo, ring (round the sun or moon)
Russian meaning: ореол, кольцо (вокруг солнца или луны)
Modern Korean: muri
Comments: KED 658.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *múra
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: round; turn, return
Russian meaning: круглый; поворачиваться, возвращаться
Turkic: *bur(a)-
Mongolian: *murui
Tungus-Manchu: *murV-
Korean: *muri
Japanese: *márǝ́
Comments: Poppe 36, ОСНЯ 2, 74-75, АПиПЯЯ 93, 278 (however, Kor. mɨrɨ- - rather to *mùgdó q. v.).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bur(a)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to twist, wind round
Russian meaning: крутить, вертеть, поворачивать
Turkish: bur-
Tatar: bor-
Middle Turkic: bur- (Sangl., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bur-, bura-
Uighur: bur-
Azerbaidzhan: bur-
Turkmen: bur-
Khakassian: pur-
Shor: pur-
Oyrat: buru-
Halaj: burq- 'вывернуть руку'
Chuvash: pъʷr-
Kirghiz: bur-, bura-
Kazakh: bur-, bura-
Noghai: bur-, bura-
Bashkir: bor-
Balkar: bur-
Gagauz: bur-
Karaim: bur-
Karakalpak: bur-, bura-
Kumyk: bur-
Comments: VEWT 89, EDT 355, ЭСТЯ 2, 264-267. Turk. *bur(g)agu > Kalm. burɣū, see KW 62.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *murui
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: awry, curve
Russian meaning: кривой
Written Mongolian: murui (L 552)
Middle Mongolian: muru, muri (IM), muri (MA)
Khalkha: muruj
Buriat: muŕū
Kalmuck: muŕū
Ordos: murʷī
Dagur: morčigui (Тод. Даг. 155: morčigoi)
Monguor: murī (SM 249)
Comments: KW 269. Cf. also *molir (Kalm. mölr, Khalkha mölgör) < *moril 'round'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *murV-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to walk round, return 2 round
Russian meaning: 1 обходить вокруг 2 круглый
Evenki: muru- 1, murume 2
Even: merъk- 1, merēti 2
Negidal: mejel 2
Literary Manchu: murǵen 2
Ulcha: muru-muru 2
Orok: morolime 2
Nanai: murǵi 2
Udighe: mogol`uö 'around'
Comments: ТМС 1, 559-560. TM (cf. Man. murixan 'bend, turn', Evk. morokō 'river bend') > Dag. morikal 'river bend' (Тод. Даг. 155), moronku, murunku 'screw-thread' (ibid.).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *márǝ́
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: round
Russian meaning: круглый
Old Japanese: maro
Middle Japanese: máró
Tokyo: màru-
Kyoto: máru-
Kagoshima: mári
Nase: màrù-
Shuri: màrú
Hateruma: múrù-
Yonakuni: màrú-Nká
Comments: JLTT 834.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *murV
Meaning: twist
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mer(g, gh)-
Altaic: *múra
Uralic: Mord. murda-, Hung. marjít-
Kartvelian: *mor(gw)-
Dravidian: *mur-(Vg)-
References: ОСНЯ 2, 74-75. ND 1462 *muri 'to twist, roll, turn round'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *merg-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: cage, basket, net
Old Greek: mórgo-s `geflochtener Wagenkorb, in den Stroh und Spreu transportiert wird'
Slavic: *mérgā, *méržjā
Baltic: *mar̂g-ā̂ (2) f., *mer̂g-ā̂ f., *mar̂g-š-ā̂ (1?)
Latin: merges, -itis f. `Ährenbündel, Garbe'
Russ. meaning: плетеная клетка
References: WP II 283 (differently in Pok.)
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: мерёжа
Near etymology: "особый вид сети, невод; ячеистая ткань"; мере́жка "петля в сети, в вязанье; узор", диал. "сеть паука", перм., мерёжить "ловить кошельковой сетью, вязать, плести петельками, клеточками", укр. мере́жа "верша, решетка", ст.-слав. мрѣжа δίκτυον, παγίς, болг. мре́жа, сербохорв. мре̏жа, словен. mrẹ́žа "сеть, решетка", чеш. mříže, слвц. mreža "решетка", др.-польск. mrzeża "сеть, петля, силок на тетеревов", кашуб. mřeža "сеть".
Further etymology: Родственно лтш. mer̂ga mar̂ga "перила, галерея, решетка", merkšk̨is, meršk̨is "плетеный соломенный навес на жердях", лит. márškа "небольшая рыболовная сеть", marškiniaĩ мн. "рубаха", греч. βρόχος (из *μρόχος) "силок, веревка, петля", βροχίς "петля", μόροττον ̇ἐκ φλοιοῦ πλέγμα τι (Гесихий), ирл. braig (*mragi-) "цепь", braga (*mragant-) "пленник"; см. Лагеркранц у Лидена, Studien, 14; Фортунатов, AfslPh 4, 580; Эндзелин, СБЭ 196; М.--Э. 2, 563, 602; Бернекер 2, 38 и сл.; И. Шмидт, Vok. 2, 75; Младенов, ИОРЯС 17, 4, 233. Брандт (РФВ 22, 255 и сл.) неубедительно относит мерёжа к лат. mergō, -еrе "нырять, погружать", которое родственно др.-инд. májjati "ныряет", лит. mazgóti, mazgóju "мыть" (см. Вальде--Гофм. 2, 76 и сл.).
Pages: 2,601
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *mar̂g-ā̂ (2) f., *mer̂g-ā̂ f., *mar̂g-š-ā̂ (1?)
Meaning: woven odj.
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: márška `Stück Leinwand, Bettlaken, -tuch, kleiner Fischernetz'
Lettish: mar̂ga `Geländer; Bäume zum Anbinden der Pferde (bei einer Schenke); Galerie, Kirchenchor, Emporen', męr̂ga, mę̄rga 'Kirchenchor, Schlagbaum', mârsna2 'Laken od. Decke, worin Kinder zur Taufe nach der Kirche gebracht werden', mãrsns (Wolm.) 'Bündel; Tracht, soviel als man auf einmal im Laken gebunden wegtragen kann'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *morgw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: клубок, моток
English meaning: roll, coil (n.)
Georgian: morgv-
Megrel: murgr-
Laz: murg-
Laz meaning (Rus.): клубок, ком
Laz meaning (Eng.): coil, clod
Notes and references: Кл. Сложный случай. Возможны три этимологические трактовки: a) < ностр. *muri 'скручивать' (ОСНЯ 2, 74-75, в качестве картв. рефлекса приводится груз. mor- "за "закруглять (дерево при обработке)"; ср. особенно формы с велярными суффиксами типа ПИЕ *merǝgh-); b) ВК происхождение - ср. формы типа авар. mergó, ботл. murgʷa 'веретено', восходящие к *mingʷa < ПВК *ʔwōngū, см. NCED 234; c) внутрикартвельская деривация *morgw- < *mo-grgw- (или *m-gorgw-), см. *grgw-. Не исключена контаминация различных по происхождению основ.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *mur-Vg-
Meaning : to bend; crooked
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *mur-i-
Proto-Telugu : *mur-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mur-g-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *mur-
Proto-North Dravidian : *mur-k-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *mur-i-
Meaning : to bend; to stretch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : muri (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to bend, lack in strength, be gentle; n. curve, bend
Tamil derivates : murimuri (-v-, -nt-) to curve, bend; murivu contracting, fold, laziness; mūri laziness, indolence; shaking off laziness; mūri nimir (-v-, -nt-) to stretch oneself as from laziness
Malayalam : muruṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to pluck by twisting (as coconuts)
Malayalam derivates : mūri numbness, apathy, stiffness; mūruka, mūri niviruka to stretch oneself
Kannada : muri
Kannada meaning : to bend, be bent, grow crooked, wind, meander, stretch oneself with windings of the limbs; bend, turn round or twist (as the whiskers); n. state of being bent, curved, etc., a bend, winding course of a river, ring
Kannada derivates : murike bending, crooking by straining; murige bending, twisting, a twist; muripu to turn round or whirl the fist; murivu bending or twisting, a bend, winding course of a river; surrounding; murucu to turn round, twist; muruḍisu to pluck up by twisting; muruhu a bend, curve, winding course of a river, a surrounding place, crookedness of mind, a crooked object, a pervert; turn, repetition; (PBh.) muruḷ crooked; (Gowda) murṇṭu to become crooked; mor(a)ku to be turning round or be giddy from pride; morahu a bend, winding course of running water
Tulu : muri
Tulu meaning : curve, circle, ring, twist, the creases of the hand, windings of a conch, etc.
Tulu derivates : murigè twist, entanglement; murlu stretching of a limb; murluni to be stretched as the limbs; mūri stretching oneself
Proto-Nilgiri : *mur-ĭ
Notes : It is not quite clear whether Kota muniv- really < *muri-nivir-.
Number in DED : 4977
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *mur-ĭ
Meaning : to stretch the body in yawning
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : müry fuṛy- (fuṛs-)
Number in DED : 4977
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *mur-
Meaning : to turn (tr.)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : murincu
Number in DED : 4977
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mur-g-
Meaning : to bend
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : murg- "to be bent"
Salur Gadba : murg- "to bend (while peeping)"
Kondekor Gadba : murg- (murug-) "to bend down"
Additional forms : Also Parji murgal hunchback; Salur murgēn bent
Number in DED : 4977
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-salur,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *mur-
Meaning : crooked, deoormed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *mur-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mur-l-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *mur-
Meaning : crooked
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : muṛītānā "to be dislocated"
Maria Gondi (Smith) : moorga "humpbacked"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_Tr mur-jupnī aiānā to be crooked
Number in DED : 4977
Number in CVOTGD : 2909, 2923
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_lu_s,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mur-l-
Meaning : deformed ear
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kuwi (Israel) : murli kriyũ
Number in DED : 4977
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *mur-k-
Meaning : to sprain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : murkaʔānā
Additional forms : Also KUR murkārnā to sprain oneself.
Number in DED : 5012
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : MVRV
Meaning : to roll, twist
Eurasiatic : *murV
Afroasiatic : *mar-
Amerind (misc.) : *molok (? *-r-) 'round' (R 585)
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-amer,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *mar-
Meaning: bind, roll up
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Egyptian: mr 'bind, tie' (med)
Western Chadic: *myar- 'twist, wring'
Low East Cushitic: *mar- 'roll up, turn'
South Cushitic: *mar- 'twist'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-lec,afaset-scu,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: mr (med)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'tie, bind'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *myar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'twist'
Angas: myār
Ankwe=Goemai: mìyòr
Tangale: mari [JgT]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-ang,wchet-ank,wchet-tng,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *mar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'turn, roll up'
Oromo (Galla): mar-, maar-
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-oro,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *mar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'twist'
Iraqw (Mbulu): marra
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-irq,

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