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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kamira
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of garlic
Russian meaning: вид чеснока
Old Japanese: kamjira

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯omo(lV)
Meaning: a k. of fragrant and edible plant
Russian meaning: вид пахучего и съедобного растения
Turkic: *Kumlak
Mongolian: *kömeli
Tungus-Manchu: *ximŋe-kte
Japanese: *kamira
Comments: The Turkic word is frequently regarded as a borrowing, either from a Germanic source (EDT 628), or from an Iranian (Ossetic) source (Аб., ЭСТЯ). The Iranian derivation of Osset. xumälläg 'hop', however, raises some phonetic and morphological problems; on the other hand, there are no doubts that the Turkic (Bulgarian) word was borrowed into Mari umla, Hung. komló and Slav. xъmelь (see Егоров 192, ЭСТЯ ibid.). The ultimate Turkic source of other late European names of 'hop' is therefore also not excluded.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kumlak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hop
Russian meaning: хмель
Karakhanid: qumlaq (MK)
Tatar: qolmaq, dial. qomlaq, qomalaq
Khakassian: xumnax
Shor: qɨmnaq
Oyrat: qumdaq, qumanaq
Chuvash: xъʷmla
Kirghiz: qulmaq
Kazakh: qulmaq
Noghai: qɨlmaq
Karaim: qumlaq, qumlax
Comments: VEWT 299, EDT 628, ЭСТЯ 6, 138-139. Turk. > Hung. komló, see Gombocz 1912.

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kömeli
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of wild onion or garlic
Russian meaning: вид дикого лука или чеснока
Written Mongolian: kömeli (L 487)
Khalkha: xömöl

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ximŋe-kte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bird-cherry
Russian meaning: черемуха
Evenki: inŋēkte
Negidal: imŋemkēn
Literary Manchu: jeŋge
Ulcha: sińekte
Orok: siŋekte
Nanai: siŋēkte
Oroch: imepe
Udighe: iŋofo
Solon: iŋekte
Comments: ТМС 1, 318.

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