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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *dia ( ~ *dai)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elder brother or sister, elder relative
Russian meaning: старший брат или сестра, старший родственник
Old Japanese: je
Comments: JLTT 392.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tā́jV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: elder in-law, elder relative
Russian meaning: старший свойственник, родственник
Turkic: *dāj-
Tungus-Manchu: *dā
Japanese: *dia ( ~ *dai)
Comments: Cf. Bur. Olkh. dajdaj 'auntie'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dāj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: uncle
Russian meaning: дядя
Old Turkic: taɣaj 'maternal uncle' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taɣaj 'maternal uncle' (MK)
Turkish: dajɨ
Middle Turkic: taɣaji 'maternal uncle' (Sangl., MA)
Uzbek: tɔɣa
Uighur: taɣa
Sary-Yughur: taɣɨj
Azerbaidzhan: dajɨ
Turkmen: dājɨ
Khakassian: taj, tajɨ, tāj
Shor: tajɨ
Oyrat: tāj, taj
Yakut: tāj
Tuva: dāj
Kirghiz: taj, taɣa
Kazakh: taɣa (dial.)
Karakalpak: dajɨ
Kumyk: dajɨ
Comments: VEWT 455-456, TMN 3, 196, EDT 474, ЭСТЯ 3, 127-129, Лексика 296. Some forms go back to a suffixed *dāja-kaj.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dā
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 in-law 2 elder in-law 3 elder brother of father; grandfather
Russian meaning: 1 свойственник 2 старший свойственник 3 старший брат отца; дед
Evenki: 2
Even: 2
Negidal: dāŋta 1
Literary Manchu: dančan 1
Nanai: dā-mịn 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 183-184, 188-189.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tajV
Meaning: relative-in-law
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dāi̯u̯er-
Altaic: *tājV
References: МССНЯ 361; ND 2307 *ta[q/G]ayu 'relative-in-law' (+ ?Berb.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dāiw-er-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: husband's brother
Old Indian: devár- m. `husband's brother'
Armenian: taigr `der Bruder des Gattes'
Old Greek: dāḗr, acc. -éra m. `Bruder des Gattes, Schwager'
Slavic: *dēverь
Baltic: *deîwē̃ (-er-es) (1) m., *deîwer-iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *taikr-a- (*taikēr) m.
Latin: lēvir, -ī m. `des Mannes Bruder, Schwager'
Russ. meaning: деверь
References: WP I 767
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: де́верь
Near etymology: м. "брат мужа", укр. дíвер, блр. дзе́вер, русск.-цслав. дѣверь, болг. де́вер, сербохорв. дjе̏ве̑р, словен. devȇr, чеш. deveř, др.-польск. dziewierz (AfslPh 14, 490).
Further etymology: Родственно лит. dieverìs, род. п. diever̃s, dieveriẽs, лтш. diẽveris, др.-инд. dēvā́-, dēvā́r-, греч. δᾱήρ (из *δαιήρ), лат. lēvir, д.-в.-н. zeihhur, арм. taigr (основа на -r); см. Бернекер 1, 198; Траутман, BSW 43; М. -- Э. 1, 484; Хюбшман 496; Торп 151; Мейе -- Вайан 58.
Trubachev's comments: [См. еще Трубачев, Терм. родства, стр. 133 и сл. -- Т.]
Pages: 1,491
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *deîwē̃ (-er-es) (1) m., *deîwer-iā̃ (1) f.
Meaning: husband's brother
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: dieverì-s, gen. diever̃s `Schwager (der Bruder des Gattes), díeverē `Schwägerin, Mannes Schwester'
Lettish: diẽveris, dievelis `Schwager, Bruder des Gatten'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *taikra-z (*taikēr)
Meaning: husband's brother
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: tācor (-ur), -es m. `husband's brother, brother-in-law''
Old High German: zeihhur (-ir, -ur)
Middle High German: zeicher st. m. 'schwager'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 315
Root: dāiu̯ēr, Gen. daiu̯rés
English meaning: brother-in-law
German meaning: `der Bruder des Gatten, Schwager'
Material: Ai. dēvár-, arm. taigr, gr. δᾱήρ (*δαιηρ), lat. lēvir (im Ausgang nach vir umgestaltet; das l für d wohl sabinisch), ahd. zeihhur, ags. tācor (vermutlich durch Kreuzung mit einer Entsprechung von lit. láigonas `Bruder der Frau'), lit. dieverìs (für *dievė̃ = ai. dēvár-; alter kons. Gen. diever̃s), lett. diẽveris, aksl. děverь (i-, i̯o- und kons. Stamm).
References: WP. I 767, WH. I 787, Specht KZ 62, 249 f., Trautmann 43.
Pages: 179
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVTV
Meaning : elder male relative, father
Eurasiatic : *ʔVṭV (cf. also *tajV)
Afroasiatic : *tVy- (?) (cf. also *ʔad- ~ *daʔ- )
Sino-Caucasian : NC *dājV
Austric : *tá
Amerind (misc.) : ? *taq 'maternal uncle' (R 804) [+ A]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-tààtá 'father'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *tVy- (?)
Meaning: father, chief
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *tVy- 'step-father'
Egyptian: ỉty (OK) 'father, monarch, prince'
Western Chadic: *tata- 'father'
East Chadic: *tV 'big' 1, '(my) father' 2,'father' 3
Notes: Scarce data.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 30
Proto-Semitic: *kumir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'priest'
Akkadian: kumru OA, Mari
Phoenician: kmr
Hebrew: komär
Aramaic: kmr
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-phn,semet-hbr,semet-arm,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *tVy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'step-father'
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): tey
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ahg,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: ỉty
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: (OK) 'father, monarch, prince'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *tata-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'father'
Pero: táttà [FrP]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-per,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *tV
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'big' 1, '(my) father' 2,'father' 3
Gabri: tā-ta 1 [Luk87]
Migama: yâtā f., táttà m. , táattà pl. 1, *tat-/*tatti- 2 [JJg]
Mubi: tatu LL2 [Alio]
Kajakse: tat- 3 [Alio]
Notes: the word 'father' in some Ch languages can not be used without a poss. pronoun
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-gbr,echet-mig,echet-mub,echet-kaj,echet-notes,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *tá
Meaning: father
Proto-Austroasiatic: *ta
Austroasiatic meaning: grandfather
Proto-Austronesian: *tata
Austronesian meaning: elder male relative
Proto-Thai: ta.A mother's father
austr-meaning,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *ta
Meaning: grandfather
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: ta.A mother's father
Khmer: ta:
Proto-Vietic: RUCL: ta.1
Proto-Monic: OM ta
Proto-Palaungic: *taʔ
Proto-Khmu: *taʔ
References: S-139
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kmr,aaet-vim,aaet-mon,aaet-pawa,aaet-kmu,aaet-bib,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: ta:
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: ta:, ʔta:
Old Khmer Meaning: an elderly man; grand-father
References: P215
kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: maternal grandfather
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-Ruc: *ta.1
Ruc (Russian field rec.): ta:.1
Ruc (Lo'i's rec.): ta:.1
Ruc (Ferlus' rec.): ta:.1
Ruc meaning: maternal grandfather
Thavung-So: ta:C.1
Thavung-So meaning: elderly man (addr.t.)
References: NTF29, NVL154
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-prru,vimet-rucr,vimet-rucl,vimet-rntf,vimet-rucme,vimet-so,vimet-some,vimet-bib,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic:
Meaning: father
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: ta
Old Mon: ta
References: S-139
monet-meaning,monet-prnum,monet-word,monet-om,monet-bib,

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Palaung-Wa etymology :

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Proto-Palaung-Wa: *taʔ
Meaning: father's father
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-Wa: *taʔ
Proto-Plang: *taʔ
Proto-De'ang: *tV
Riang: tâʔ.1
Riang meaning: grandfather
Proto-Angku: *taʔ
Lamet: ta:ʔ.1
Danaw: tA.1 grandfather
pawaet-meaning,pawaet-prnum,pawaet-prwa,pawaet-prpl,pawaet-prde,pawaet-riang,pawaet-rimeam,pawaet-pran,pawaet-lamet,pawaet-danaw,

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Wa etymology :

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Proto-Wa: *taʔ
Meaning: father's father
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
Paraok: taʔ
Paraok meaning: father's father
Ava: taʔ
Lawa: taʔ, teʔ
Lawa meaning: father's father
Um: taʔ
Wa (dial.): taʔ.1
Wa (dial.) meaning: father's father
References: D-100: *taʔ; P-189: *taʔ.1
prwaet-meaning,prwaet-prnum,prwaet-praok,prwaet-praokme,prwaet-mas,prwaet-lawa,prwaet-lawame,prwaet-um,prwaet-gs,prwaet-gsme,prwaet-bib,

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Plang etymology :

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Proto-Plang: *taʔ
Meaning: father's father
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
Bulang: taʔ.1
Bulang meaning: father's father
Konto: taʔ.1
Konto meaning: grandfather
Samtao (Paulsen): taʔ.1
Samtao (Paulsen) meaning: grandfather
Samtao (Diffloth): taʔ.T, ʔa-
Samtao (Diffloth) meaning: father's father
References: P-189: *taʔ.1
prplet-meaning,prplet-prnum,prplet-mane,prplet-manme,prplet-kont,prplet-kontme,prplet-sap,prplet-sapme,prplet-sad,prplet-sadme,prplet-bib,

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De'ang etymology :

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Proto-De'ang: *tVk
Meaning: father's father
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
De'ang: taʔ ʔɔ:k; WW: tɛ ʔâk
De'ang-1: da
De'ang-2: ta.2
References: WW-320
prdeet-meaning,prdeet-prnum,prdeet-dea,prdeet-dea1,prdeet-dea3,prdeet-bibl,

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Angku etymology :

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Proto-Angku: *taʔ
Meaning: father's father
Palaung-Wa etymology: Palaung-Wa etymology
Pangpin: thaʔ.55, -ʔɔk.13
Gantang: tha.55
U: tha.2
References: WW-320; S-108
pranet-meaning,pranet-prnum,pranet-phu,pranet-ph2,pranet-u,pranet-bib,

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