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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: {*t`odV}
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be full (of stomach, belly)
Russian meaning: заполняться (о животе)
Turkic: *dod-
Tungus-Manchu: *tude-
Comments: Cf. perhaps also Mong. to-sun `melted fat' ( < *tod-su-n ?).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dod-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: become satiated, full
Russian meaning: насыщаться, наполняться
Old Turkic: tod- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: toδ- (MK)
Turkish: doj-
Tatar: tuj-
Middle Turkic: toj- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: tọj-
Uighur: toj-
Sary-Yughur: toz-
Azerbaidzhan: doj-
Turkmen: doj-
Khakassian: tos-
Shor: tos-
Oyrat: toj-
Halaj: tod-
Chuvash: tъʷran-
Yakut: tot-
Dolgan: tot-
Tuva: to't-
Tofalar: do't-
Kirghiz: toj-
Kazakh: toj-
Noghai: toj-
Bashkir: tuj-
Balkar: toj-
Gagauz: doj-
Karaim: toj-
Karakalpak: toj-
Salar: toj-
Kumyk: toj-
Comments: VEWT 483, EDT 451, ЭСТЯ 3, 251-252, Stachowski 227.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tude-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be constipated
Russian meaning: закрепить (о кишечнике)
Evenki: tude-
Comments: ТМС 2, 205. An isolated Evk. form, with possible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tVdV
Meaning: big, full
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: (Balt. *did-)
Altaic: *t`odV
Uralic: *täwδe
Kartvelian: *did-
Dravidian: *daṭ- (cf. also *doḍ- big, stout)
Eskimo-Aleut: *tat(a)-
References: ОСНЯ 1, 219; ND 500 *dadV, 501 *didV 'large, bick' (hardly distinguishable); 2330 *ṭäwdV 'to be full' (Ur. + Alt. + differ. Drav., IE).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1055
Proto: *täwδe (*tälkV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: full
German meaning: voll
Finnish: täysi (gen. täyden) 'das Volle, Fülle; voll, ganz ?
Estonian: täis (gen. täie) 'voll; Fülle' ?
Saam (Lapp): dæw'de -wd- (N) 'fill; fulfill', Dĭ̮ɛ̮u̮͔ɔtɛ̮- (Wfs.) 'füllen', tievte- (T Kld.) id., tīvt (T), tīvt, tivt (Kld.), tievt (Not.), tivd (A) 'voll' ? ( < Finn.?)
Mari (Cheremis): tić (U M B) 'voll' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): dol-dol, dolak (URS) 'все, целиком, совсем, совершенно', dolak (G) 'ganz, alle'
Komi (Zyrian): de̮la (Skr.) 'совсем', dȯl (PO) 'весь, все'
Khanty (Ostyak): tel (Vj. O), tet (Kr.) 'die zu einem Gegenstand erforderliche Menge; voll', χot-tet (DN) 'Familie'
Mansi (Vogul): täwl (TJ), tɔ̄̈ɣlǝ (KU), taɣlǝ (P), tāɣl (So.) 'voll'
Hungarian: tele, teli, dial. telle 'voll, gefüllt', tel- 'voll werden', teljes, (veralt. teles) 'ganz, vollständig', tölt- 'füllen, anfüllen'
Sammalahti's version: *täwdä-
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-samm2,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *did-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: большой
English meaning: big
Georgian: did-
Megrel: did-
Laz: did-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 73, EWK 109. Иллич-Свитыч (ОСНЯ 1, 219) сравнивает с балт. *did- "большой", а также с кушитским материалом, восстанавливая ностр. *didV; не исключена, однако, и связь с ПЗК *dA 'большой' (ср. особенно редуплицированную форму ПАК *dǝda / *dadǝ 'очень, много').
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *daṭ-
Meaning : big
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *daṭ-
Proto-Telugu : *daṭṭ-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *daḍ-p-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *daṭ-
Proto-North Dravidian : *daḍ-jā
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *daṭ-
Meaning : big
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : taṭa
Tamil meaning : large, broad, full
Tamil derivates : taṭam greatness, largeness, width, expanse, richness; taṭavu, taṭā largeness, greatness; taṭi (-pp-, -tt-) to grow large, full, become stout, swell, become enhanced, increase, grow, thicken, congeal, grow stiff, hard; taṭippu thickness, swelling, inspissation, plumpness, pride; taṭiyan_ stout, fat man, rude, senseless fellow; taṭaiiya plump; (Devanesan, p. 3) taṭimpal bulk, thickness; (NTD) taṇṭi bulkiness
Malayalam : taṭa
Malayalam meaning : large, great (e.g. taṭa-vala large fishing net)
Malayalam derivates : taṭi stout, robust; taṭikkuka to swell, become round and full, stout and heavy; taṭiccavan fat, robust; taṭippikka to fatten; taṭippu corpulency, stoutness; taṭiyan a fat, lusty person; fem. taṭicci
Kannada : daṭṭa
Kannada meaning : state of being thick, stout, robust, crowded or close together, thickset, dense
Kannada derivates : daṭṭage in a thickset manner, densely, in large numbers; daṭṭanisu to be crowded together; daṭṭane state of being thick, crowded together, close; daṭṭanna thick, dense; daṭṭayisu, daṭṭaysu to grow thick, assemble in large numbers; daṭṭitu that is thick, etc.; daṭṭu mass, crowd, host, army; daḍāṇi, daḍāli a very stout woman; daḍumu thickness, stoutness; daḍḍa closeness, union; daṇḍi greatness, eminence, power
Tulu : daṭa
Tulu meaning : thickness, coarseness, closeness; thick, stout, coarse, close
Tulu derivates : daṭṭiyuni, daṭṭyuni to be dense, crowded; daḍavante a strong, powerful or influential man; (?) diḍụmbu corpulent
Proto-Nilgiri : *daṭ
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) daḍḍa big
Number in DED : 3020
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *daṭ
Meaning : thick thread woven into cloth to produce raised effect
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : daṭ
Number in DED : 3020
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *daṭṭ-
Meaning : thick, close, dense, compact, thickset
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : daṭṭamu
Additional forms : Also daṇḍi large, great, abundant, plentiful, ample, abundance, plenty; ? dandaḍi excessiveness; much, great, excessive; dandaḍincu to grow, increase
Number in DED : 3020
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *daḍ-p-
Meaning : good
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami (Setumadhava Rao) : daḍpā
Naikri : dhaṛapa
Number in DED : 3020
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kol_sr,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *daṭ-
Meaning : big, strong; thick, stout
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *daṛ-gāl
Konda : ḍaṭam
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *dāṭ-
Notes : Vowel length in PK (Kui, exactly) is unclear, although in derivatives short -a- is also met.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *daṛ-gāl
Meaning : pot-bellied
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : ḍargāl "glutton"
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : ḍaṛgāl "pot-bellied man"
Number in DED : 3020
Number in CVOTGD : 1554
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : ḍaṭam
Meaning: too much, many; thickly
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3020
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *dāṭ-
Meaning : strength, power, hardness, stiffness, toughness, difficulty; strong, powerful, etc.
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : ḍāṭa
Additional forms : Also Kui ḍāḍa (ḍāḍi-) to increase in numbers, multiply; n. increase; ḍāḍa giva to cause to increase in number, multiply; ḍaḍaki protruding, corpulent, obese
Number in DED : 3020
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-addition,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *daḍ-jā
Meaning : thick; hard
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : daṛyā "stout, thick"
Malto : ḍaṭe "difficult, hard"
Notes : Начальное ḍ- в малто - по ассимиляции со срединным ретрофлексным. На основании нетривиального соответствия курух -ḍy- - малто -ṭ- мы условно постулируем ПСД *-ḍy-.
Number in DED : 3020
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-notes,ndret-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *tat(a)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: all, to be full
Russian meaning: весь, полный
Proto-Yupik: *tatV-
Proto-Inupik: *tat(a)-
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *tatV-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: all, complete, whole
Russian Meaning: весь, полностью
Sirenik: tatǝkǝɫax)
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *tat(a)-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to be full 1, to bump into 2
Russian meaning: наполниться 1, напихивать 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: tati- 2, tattuaut(i)- 'to be crowded in'
SPI Dialects: Imaq tátqamáni loc. 'inside'
WCI Dialects: Cop tatat- 1, 'to fill to brim, to squeeze into'
ECI Dialects: NBI, SB tatat- 1
Greenlandic Inupik: tattuqit- 'completely fill'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 335
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-wcis,inupet-ecis,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVTV
Meaning : big, thick
Eurasiatic : *tVdV
Afroasiatic : *dVd- (Cush., Chad., Om.)
Sino-Caucasian : ? ST *dā, *dāt 'thick, large' (perhaps = *dV́HV 393?)
Reference : ND 500, 501.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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