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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ǯā́lV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: saliva
Russian meaning: слюна
Turkic: *jālga-
Mongolian: *ǯal-gi- / *ǯal-ka-
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯali-
Comments: A Western isogloss (but cf. perhaps also Kor. čultti 'throat'). Cf. also *tā́lV.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jālga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lick
Russian meaning: лизать
Old Turkic: jalɣa- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jalɣa-, jalva- (MK)
Turkish: jala-
Tatar: jala-
Middle Turkic: jala- (Pav. C., MA, AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jalä-
Uighur: jala-
Sary-Yughur: jalɣa-, jaɣla-
Azerbaidzhan: jala-
Turkmen: jāla-
Khakassian: čalɣa-
Shor: čalɣa-
Oyrat: jala-, d́ala-
Halaj: jalɣa-
Chuvash: śula- / śъvla
Yakut: salā-
Dolgan: halan-
Tuva: čɨlɣa-
Tofalar: čɨlɣa-
Kirghiz: ǯala-
Kazakh: žala-
Noghai: jala-
Bashkir: jala-
Gagauz: jala-
Karaim: jala-
Karakalpak: žala-
Salar: jala-
Kumyk: jala-
Comments: VEWT 182, EDT 926-927, ЭСТЯ 4, 87-88 (with Turkm. jala-), Федотов 2, 132, Stachowski 94. The deriving stem can perhaps be found in Turkish, Gag., Az. jal 'food, mash given to dogs, animals' (see ЭСТЯ 4, 85); cf. also *jalgak (ЭСТЯ 4, 90) 'dish for feeding animals'; *jalma- 'to lick' (ЭСТЯ 4, 95).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ǯal-gi- / *ǯal-ka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swallow 2 phlegm
Russian meaning: 1 глотать 2 мокрота
Written Mongolian: ǯalgi- 1 (L 1031), ǯalqaɣ 2 (МХТТТ)
Middle Mongolian: ǯalgi-, ǯalki- (SH)
Khalkha: ʒalgi- 1, ʒalxag 2
Buriat: zalgi- 1, zalxag 2
Kalmuck: zaĺgǝ- 1 (КРС)
Ordos: ǯalgi- 1
Dongxian: ǯanqǝi-
Baoan: ǯalχǝ-
Dagur: ǯalgi- (Тод. Даг. 142), ǯilehe- 1 (MD 178)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯalGǝ-
Monguor: ćargi- (SM 443), čalga- (Huzu)
Comments: MGCD 427.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 spittle, saliva 2 to wet with spittle, take into mouth
Russian meaning: 1 слюна 2 смачивать слюной, брать в рот
Evenki: ǯaliksa 1, ǯalma- 2
Even: ǯalsъ̣ 1
Negidal: ǯalsa 1, ǯalma- 2
Ulcha: ǯịlaụqsa 1
Orok: ǯêlusqa 1
Nanai: ǯịloqsa 1
Oroch: dileske, duluksa 1
Udighe: ǯalehä 1
Solon: ǯalikči 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 246.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʒaĺV
Meaning: slime
Indo-European: *sal-
Altaic: *ǯā́lV
Dravidian: SDR *Caḷ-i 'mucus' (2066; Tam.-Mal.)? [?? or *djol- 74]
Comments: Cf. *SVlV.
References: МССНЯ 365; ND 2730 *ʒ́aĺXV (TM + diff. Turk. + Drav., IE + Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sal-, *salw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dirt, dirty
Tokharian: B sal 'dirty' (Adams 678)
Old Indian: sāla-, sāra- 'grey'
Slavic: *solvъ(jь)
Germanic: *salw-a- adj.
Latin: salīva f. `Speichel'
Celtic: Cymr salw `vilis' (sal `vilis' < Fr); OCorn halou `stercora', OBret gl. haloc `lugubri', Cymr halog `befleckt'; OIr sal f. `sordes', Gael sal nasser `Schmutz, Ohrenschmalz, OIr salach `schmutzig', NBret saotr `Schmutz', saotra `beschmutzen'
Russ. meaning: грязь, грязный
References: WP II 453 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: солово́й
Near etymology: "желтовато-серый", солове́ть "мутнеть", укр. соловíти "мрачнеть (о взгляде)", русск.-цслав. славоочиıе γλαυκότης = сѣроочие, сюда же соловцы́ мн. "небольшие волны с белыми гребешками".
Further etymology: Родственно д.-в.-н. sаlо, salawêr "темный, мутный", др.-исл. so<lr "грязный, желтый", англ. sallow "бледный", нж.-нем. sôl "темный, грязный"; дальнейшая связь -- с лат. salīva "слюна", хетт. šaligai- "плюет", ирл. sаlасh "грязный" -- недостоверна; см. Уленбек, РВВ 20, 264; 22, 536; Лёвенталь, Farbenbez. 16; Траутман, ВSW 249; Торп 437; Хольтхаузен, Awn. Wb. 298; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 468 и сл.; Младенов 588. Нет оснований для сравнения с др.-инд. c̨árvaras "пестрый, пятнистый", лит. šalvìs "хариус", вопреки Торбьёрнссону (I, 26), Зубатому (AfslPh 16, 413 и сл.); см. Мейе, Ét. 364. Ср. солове́й.
Pages: 3,712
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *salwa-
Meaning: dusky, dark, muddy
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: sɔl-r `schmutzig; bleich (poet.)'
Norwegian: sal `bleich'
Old English: salu `dusky, dark'
Middle Dutch: salu `scmutzig, bleichgelb'
Dutch: { zaluw `dunkelgelb' }
Low German: saul (< *sōl) `schmutzig'
Old High German: salo `trübe, schmutziggrau'
Middle High German: sal (-w-) 'dunkelfärbig, welk, trübe, schmutzig' sal (-w-) st. m. 'schmutz'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oengl,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-lg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

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