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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ǯā́li
Meaning: to ask, invite, lend
Russian meaning: просить, приглашать, одалживать
Turkic: *jāl-
Mongolian: *ǯala-
Japanese: *(d)írá-
Comments: The root is not widely represented outside the Turko-Mongolian area (only in Japanese), but the phonetic and semantic match appears to be quite satisfactory.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jāl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to ask, require 2 to hire, lease 3 price 4 servant 5 envoy 6 to be satisfied 7 to give satisfaction
Russian meaning: 1 просить, требовать 2 нанимать 3 цена, плата, наем 4 слуга 5 посол 6 получать удовлетворение, быть счастливым 7 давать удовлетворение
Old Turkic: jalvar-, jalɨn- (OUygh.) 1, jalabač (Orkh., Yen.), jalavač (OUygh.) 5, jalčɨ-t- 7 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jalvar- 1, jalavač, jalavar 5 (MK)
Turkish: jalvar- 1, jalavač 5
Tatar: jalvar-, jalɨn- 1, jalla- 2, jal (Буд.) 3
Middle Turkic: jalbar- 1 (MA), jalɨn- 1 (Abush.), jal (Буд.) 3, jalavač (AH) 5, jalčɨ- 6, 7 (Ettuhf., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jɔlwar-, jalin- 1, jɔllä- 2, jɔlči- 6
Uighur: jalbä(r)-, jalvar-, jelin- 1, jalči- 6
Azerbaidzhan: jalvar- 1
Turkmen: jalbar-, jalɨn- 1, jāllav 3, jālčɨ 4 (dial.)
Khakassian: čal 3
Oyrat: jal, d́al 3, jalbar-, d́albar-, jalɨn-, d́alɨn- 1
Tuva: čala-, čalwar-, čalɨn- 1
Kirghiz: ǯalbar-, ǯalɨn- 1, ǯal 3, ǯalčɨ- 6
Kazakh: žalbar-, žalɨn- 1, žal 3
Noghai: jalbar-, jalɨn- 1
Bashkir: jalbar-, jalɨn- 1, jalsɨ- 6
Balkar: žalɨn-, zalɨn- 1, zal 3
Gagauz: jalvar- 1
Karaim: jalbar-, jalvar- 1, jal 3, jalčɨ- 6
Karakalpak: žalbar- 1, žal 3, žalšɨ- 6
Kumyk: jalbar-, jalɨn- 1
Comments: VEWT 181-183, EDT 920, 921, 922, 931, ЭСТЯ 4, 84-85, 89, 92-93, 102-103, 107; TMN 4, 108, Щербак 1997, 121 (Turk. jalbar- > Mong. ǯalbari-). The root is no doubt archaic, but presents some problems: the deriving simple stem *jāl is attested late, and there seems to be no vowel length in the derivatives *jalɨn-, *jal-bar- (although this may be a later secondary shortening). The peculiar suffixation in jalbar-, jalabač, jalabar caused some authors (see, e.g., Clauson in EDT) to suspect a loanword, but its source is unclear and the forms may as well be genuine (as are certainly the forms *jāl, *jalɨn-).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ǯala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ask, invite
Russian meaning: просить, приглашать
Written Mongolian: ǯala- (L 1029)
Khalkha: ʒala-
Buriat: zala-
Kalmuck: zala- (СЯОС)
Ordos: ǯala-
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *(d)írá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lend 2 to answer 3 answer
Russian meaning: 1 одалживать 2 отвечать; брать в долг 3 ответ
Old Japanese: iras- 1, irap- 2
Middle Japanese: írás- 1, iraf- 2
Tokyo: irae 3
Comments: JLTT 698.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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