Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *zi̯úko
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to rot, ferment
Russian meaning: гнить, киснуть
Turkic: *jog-urt-
Mongolian: *sogsi-
Tungus-Manchu: *sükü-
Japanese: *súk-
Comments: The Jpn. form can also reflect *săk`V 'to ferment' (q. v.).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *jog-urt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: curdled, coagulated milk
Russian meaning: кислое, свернувшееся молоко
Old Turkic: joɣrot, jurɣut, juɣrut (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: juɣrut, joɣurt (MK)
Turkish: joɣurt, jourt
Middle Turkic: jaɣurt (Houts., AH)
Uzbek: ǯurɣɔt (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: joɣurt, juɣurt
Azerbaidzhan: joɣurt
Turkmen: joɣurt
Yakut: suorat
Kirghiz: ǯūrat
Noghai: juwɨrt
Balkar: ǯuwurt, žuwurt, zuwurt
Gagauz: jūrt
Kumyk: juwurt
Comments: EDT 905, ЭСТЯ 4, 207-208. For semantic reasons derivation from *jogur- 'to knead' (TMN 4, 173) seems hardly plausible.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *sogsi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become sour (of curdled milk)
Russian meaning: перекисать (о простокваше)
Written Mongolian: šoɣšu- (МХТТТ 853)
Khalkha: šogši-
Buriat: šogšo-
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sükü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 turbid, muddy 2 swamp
Russian meaning: 1 мутный, грязный 2 топь, трясина
Evenki: siki 1
Even: hịqụ 1
Negidal: sịxị̄ 1
Nanai: suku 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 80-81, 122.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *súk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to make paper (out of soaked mash)
Russian meaning: делать бумагу (из размоченной пульпы)
Old Japanese: suk-
Middle Japanese: suk-
Tokyo: sùk-
Kyoto: súk-
Kagoshima: súk-
Comments: JLTT 758.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *zUkV
Meaning: to ferment, squeeze juice
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *s[e]uk-
Altaic: *zi̯úko
Comments: Cf. also PA *sŭ́ku 'scoop', *sógà'drunken'; PFU *šukštV 'wash'; *šakče 'vessel, boat'.
References: ND 2036 *s̄UḲV 'to drink, suck' compares IE with Alt. *ši̯ṑgV 'juice'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *sAuk-
Meaning: juice; to squeeze the juice, to strain
Baltic: *suñk- (-ja-) vb. tr., *sunk-ā̂ f.
Latin: sūcus, -ī m. `Saft'
Russ. meaning: выжимать сок
References: Fraenkel 941
Comments: Cf. *sAw- 'juice; to squeeze the juice' (and *swokʷ-).
piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *suñk- (-ja-) vb. tr., *sunk-ā̂ f.
Meaning: suck, shoot out
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: suñkti (-kia, -kē) 'durch Druck eine Flüssigkeit abfliessen, absickern lassen; auspressen, auswringen, auswinden', ostlit. sunkà '(Baum)saft'
Lettish: sùkt (sùcu) 'saugen (von Blutegeln, nicht von Säugetieren), nutschen; durchseihen'; sũkât, sùkât 'leckend saugen (z. B. die Finger)'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : suck
Eurasiatic : *zUkV
Amerind (misc.) : *c̣uqʷ 'suck' (R 702) [+ A]
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-amer,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
2078501714375
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov