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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *zìŋke
Meaning: light, quiet
Russian meaning: легкий, спокойный
Turkic: *jeŋgül
Mongolian: *siŋgen
Tungus-Manchu: *siŋkuti-
Japanese: *sìntúka
Comments: The Turkic form may also have been influenced by PA *ni̯áŋa q. v. The Jpn. form is probably metathesized: *sìntúka- < *sìnkutá- ( = TM *siŋkuti-).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jeŋgü-l, jeŋi-k
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: light
Russian meaning: легкий
Old Turkic: jenik, jöŋül (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jüŋül (Tefs., IM), jenik 'light', jeni- 'to become light' (MK, KB)
Turkish: jeni, jünül, jejni
Tatar: ǯiŋel
Middle Turkic: jeŋgil (Sangl.), jüngül (MKypch. - Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jeŋil
Uighur: jenik, jeŋil
Sary-Yughur: ǯig (<*jeŋig)
Azerbaidzhan: jüngül, jejin
Turkmen: jeŋil
Khakassian: nīk (< *jeŋik)
Oyrat: d́eŋil
Halaj: jiŋgil, jejin
Chuvash: śъʷmъʷl
Tuva: čīk (< *jeŋik)
Tofalar: niŋeš
Kirghiz: ǯeŋil
Kazakh: žeŋil
Noghai: jeŋil
Bashkir: jeŋel
Balkar: ǯeŋgil, žengil, zengil
Gagauz: jilin
Karaim: jeŋil, jeŋgil, jenil
Karakalpak: žeŋil
Kumyk: jeŋil
Comments: EDT 948, 950, VEWT 198, ЭСТЯ 4, 188, 184, Лексика 340. Turk. > Hung. gyenge 'weak', see Gombocz 1912.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *siŋgen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: liquid, thin, rare, light
Russian meaning: жидкий, тонкий, редкий, легкий
Written Mongolian: siŋgen (L 712)
Khalkha: šingen
Buriat: šengen
Kalmuck: šiŋgṇ (КРС)
Ordos: šiŋgen
Dongxian: šǝngan
Baoan: śiŋgaŋ
Dagur: šeŋgen (Тод. Даг. 184: šiŋgen)
Shary-Yoghur: šeŋgen
Monguor: šǝŋgen (SM 368), śingen
Mogol: siŋgōn (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: MGCD 718.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *siŋkuti-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: quiet, silent
Russian meaning: тихий, молчаливый
Evenki: siŋti
Even: hị̄kụtị
Nanai: siŋčien- 'to become quiet, stop talking'
Comments: ТМС 2, 91-92.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sìntúka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: quiet, silent
Russian meaning: тихий, молчаливый
Old Japanese: siduka
Middle Japanese: sìdúka
Tokyo: shízuka
Kyoto: shìzúkà
Kagoshima: shizuká
Comments: JLTT 529.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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