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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`ule(kV)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fox; wolf
Russian meaning: лиса; волк
Turkic: *tülki / tilkü
Tungus-Manchu: *tulge
Japanese: *tuárá
Comments: See АПиПЯЯ 70, Лексика 161. Jpn. high tone does not correspond to PTM length (the latter, however, is reconstructed only on the basis of the Sol. form and thus not reliable).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *tülki / tilkü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fox
Russian meaning: лиса
Old Turkic: tilkü (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tilkü (MK, Tefs., IM), tilki (KB)
Turkish: tilki
Tatar: tölke
Middle Turkic: tülkü (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tulki
Uighur: tülkä
Sary-Yughur: tolɣo (ЯЖУ)
Azerbaidzhan: tülkü
Turkmen: tilki
Khakassian: tülgü
Shor: tülgü
Oyrat: tülkü; tilgü (dial. - Баск. Туба)
Halaj: tilkü, tülkü
Chuvash: tilǝ
Tuva: dilgi
Tofalar: dilgi
Kirghiz: tülkü
Kazakh: tülki
Noghai: tülki
Bashkir: tölkö
Balkar: tülkü
Gagauz: tilki
Karaim: tülkü
Karakalpak: tülki
Salar: t'iligu (Kakuk), tüligu (ССЯ)
Kumyk: tülkü
Comments: See VEWT 480, EDT 498-499, Щербак 1961, 135, Лексика 161.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tulge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wolf
Russian meaning: волк
Solon: tūlge
Comments: ТМС 2, 210. The relationship of this word to Evk. tīle 'bear' (ТМС 2, 181) is not quite clear.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tuárá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tiger
Russian meaning: тигр
Old Japanese: twora
Middle Japanese: twórá
Tokyo: tòra
Kyoto: tórá
Kagoshima: tóra
Comments: JLTT 550.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṭulV
Meaning: jackal
Indo-European: *tlākʷ-
Altaic: *t`ule(kV)
Kartvelian: *ṭura
Dravidian: *tōnḍl- (? *tōḷ-)
References: МССНЯ 372; ND 2342 *ṭukḷE (Alt., Drav. + Cush., Omot.?).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *tlāk(ʷ)- (BS)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bear
Slavic: *vьlko-dlākъ
Baltic: *tlā̂k-ia-s (2) m., *tlā̂k-en-ā̂, -iā̃ (2) f.
Russ. meaning: зверек (медведь)
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: волкола́к,
Near etymology: волкодла́к "оборотень, человек, превращающийся в волка", диал. волкола́ка (севск.), вурдала́к (Пушкин), укр. вовкула́к, блр. волкола́к, волкула́к, смол. (Добровольский), болг. въркола́к (Младенов 91), сербохорв. вуко̀длак, словен. voɫkodlàk, чеш. vlkodlak, польск. wilkoɫak. Первая часть -- волк, вторая тождественна цслав. длака "волосы, шкура", сербохорв. дла̏ка, словен. dláka; ср. Бернекер 1, 208; Матов, СбНУ 9, 59 и сл.; Г. Майер, Ngr. Stud. 2, 20; Преобр. 1, 91 и сл.
Pages: 1,338-339
vasmer-general,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *tlā̂k-ia-s (2) m., *tlā̂k-en-ā̂, -iā̃ (2) f.
Meaning: bear
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: lōkī̃-s `Bär', lōkenà `Bärenhaut, Bärenfell'
Lettish: lâcis `Bär', lâcene, lâciene `Bärin'
Old Prussian: clokis `Bär' V. 655, caltestis-klok(is) `Zeidelbär' V. 656
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭura
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: шакал
English meaning: jackal
Notes and references: Кипшидзе 330. В МССHЯ 372 сравнивается с алт. *t`ulgV 'лиса, волк', драв. *tōḷ- 'шакал, волк'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *tōnḍl-
Meaning : wolf, jackal
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *tōnḍl-
Proto-Telugu : *tōnḍel-
Brahui : tōl-a
Notes : Reconstruction approximate, and it is unclear if the Brahui form really can be compared here. [I woul say it's basically *tōl- and a suffixed or compound *tōl-ṭan- - S.A.S].
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *tōnḍl-
Meaning : wolf
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : tōṇṭān_
Tamil meaning : wolf
Kannada : tōḷa
Kannada meaning : wolf
Tulu : tōḷụ, (B-K) tōḷe
Tulu meaning : wolf
Number in DED : 3548
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *tōnḍel-
Meaning : wolf
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : tō̃ḍē̆lu
Number in DED : 3548
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : tōl-a
Meaning : jackal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 3548
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

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