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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`i̯ā̀ku
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a horned animal
Russian meaning: рогатое животное
Turkic: *teke
Mongolian: *togij
Tungus-Manchu: *tōKī
Comments: A Western isogloss. See Дыбо 7, Лексика 154. The parallel seems probable, but PT should rather have a closed *ẹ. There may have been some confusion between this root and another one, represented by PT *Tagɨ 'female kulan' (OT taɣɨ, see EDT 466; Bulg. toxǝ 'horse') and borrowed in (or corresponding to?) Mong. taki 'wild horse'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *teke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: he-goat
Russian meaning: козел
Old Turkic: teke (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: teke (MK, IM)
Turkish: teke
Tatar: täkä 'козел, баран'
Middle Turkic: teke (Sangl.)
Uzbek: taka
Uighur: tekä
Sary-Yughur: teke
Azerbaidzhan: täkä
Turkmen: teke
Oyrat: teke
Halaj: täkä
Chuvash: taga 'he-goat, ram'
Tuva: de`ge, te ([dhe])
Tofalar: te'he
Kirghiz: teke
Kazakh: tekä
Noghai: teke
Bashkir: täkä 'he-goat, ram'
Balkar: teke
Gagauz: teke
Karaim: teke, tege
Karakalpak: teke
Kumyk: teke
Comments: See VEWT 470, EDT 477, Лексика 154, 428. Turk. > Mong. teke 'he-goat' (KW 390; TMN 2, 529, Щербак 1997, 154) ( > Man., Sol. texe id., see Doerfer MT 100; Oyr. teke - instead of the expected *tege - may be also borrowed back < Mong.). The Tur. dialectal form deke, despite Doerfer, can hardly justify a reconstruction of PT *d-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *togij
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grown-up elk
Russian meaning: взрослый лось
Written Mongolian: togij (БАМРС)
Khalkha: togi
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tōKī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elk
Russian meaning: лось
Evenki: tōkī
Even: tōkị
Negidal: tōkị̄
Literary Manchu: toχo
Ulcha:
Orok:
Nanai:
Oroch: tōki
Solon: tōxi
Comments: ТМС 2, 191-192. Evk. > Dolg. tōkī (see Stachowski 227).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṭVkV (*dwVḳV)
Meaning: a horned animal
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *diǵ- ?
Altaic: *t`i̯ā̀k`u ( ~ -k-)
Kartvelian: *daq- (*dqa-)
Dravidian: *tagar
References: ND 553 *diq̇a 'goat' (w/o Alt. and Drav.); 2350 *ṭu[ʔäḲ](w)a 'goat, ram' (Alt., Drav. + Chad.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *daq- (*dqa-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: коза
English meaning: goat
Georgian: txa-
Megrel: txa-
Svan: daq-
Laz: (m)txa-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 77, EWK 102. Культурное слово, представленное как в ВК (*dVrq̇wV "козел", NCED 403), так и в ИЕ (*dig- / *dik- "коза"). См. Старостин 1988, 115. Ср. еще Бомхард 1996, 228: предлагается сравнение картв. основы и драв. *takar 'коза, баран' - которое, вероятно, лучше сравнивать с алт. *t`ȫk`e 'рогатое животное'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *tagar-
Meaning : ram
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *tagar-
Proto-Telugu : *tagar-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *tagar-
Meaning : ram
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : takar
Tamil meaning : sheep, ram, goat, male of certain other animals (yāḷi, elephant, shark)
Malayalam : takaran
Malayalam meaning : huge, powerful as a man, bear, etc.
Kannada : tagar, ṭagaru, ṭagara, ṭegaru
Kannada meaning : ram
Tulu : tagaru, ṭagarụ
Tulu meaning : ram
Number in DED : 3000
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *tagar-
Meaning : ram
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : tagaramu
Dialectal forms (1) : tagaru
Number in DED : 3000
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVKV
Meaning : goat
Eurasiatic : *ṭVkV (*dwVḳV)
Afroasiatic : *dVg- 'goat, antelope' (Om., Chad.)
Sino-Caucasian : *[ṭ]ūgV̄́
Reference : ND 553.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *[ṭ]ūgV̄́
Meaning: goat
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ṭūgV̄
Burushaski: *thugár
Comments and references : DCE 17. Cf. *dVrq̇wV.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-buru,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ṭūgV̄
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: he-goat
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ṭuka
Proto-Tsezian: *ṭig̥1̇a
Proto-West Caucasian: *t:ak:a- ( ~ -ḱ:-)
Notes: Correspondences are regular, and the etymology seems quite reliable. See Abdokov 1983, 117 (EC : Kab.).

    One feels tempted to compare this root with PEC *dHogwV 'donkey, ass' (q.v.), spread in the Lak-Darg-Lezg. area (all the forms could be united under a single protoform *ṭHōgwV, assuming some metatheses and possibly interdialectal loans); however, there still remain semantic and phonetic difficulties, and the question is still open.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ṭuka
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: he-goat
Andian language: ṭuka
Akhvakh: ṭuka
Chamalal: č̣uta
Tindi: ṭuḱa / ḳ́uta
Karata: ṭuka
Comments: In Tind. and Cham. - a metathesis of velarity and palatalisation (Cham. č̣uta < *ḳ́uta); note that in Tind. both forms are in free variation.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ṭig̥1̇a B
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: he-goat
Tsezi: ṭeka
Ginukh: ṭeka
Khvarshi: ṭeka (Radzhibov)
Inkhokvari: ṭɨka
Bezhta: ṭiga
Gunzib: ṭiga
Comments: PTsKh *ṭɨka, PGB *ṭiga.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *t:ak:a- ( ~ -ḱ:-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 he-goat (1 y. old) 2 animal (1 y. old and older)
Adyghe: tač́a-χʷ 2
Kabardian: daǯa-χʷ 1
Comments: PAK *t:ak:a-χʷǝ (a compound with *χʷǝ 'male'); in Kab. the precise meaning is 'a gelt he-goat (more than 1 year old)'. Cf. also Kab. daǯāža 'a 1 y. old he-goat' (a compound with āža 'goat').
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *thugár
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: buck goat
Hunza: thugár
Nagar: thugár
Comments: Sh. thugár
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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