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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`āma
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wall, roof
Russian meaning: стена, крыша
Turkic: *Tām
Mongolian: *tama
Tungus-Manchu: *tamV-
Korean: *tám
Japanese: *tàmùruá
Comments: EAS 116, KW 377. Mong. (Kalm.) tam may be < Turkic. Although semantically quite plausible, phonetically there are difficulties: PT has a secondary voicing and Kor.-Jpn. have irregular tone (not corresponding to PT length). See VEWT 459.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Tām
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 roof 2 wall 3 hut
Russian meaning: 1 крыша 2 стена 3 хибара
Old Turkic: tam 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tam 2 (MK), 1 (IM)
Turkish: dam 1, 3
Tatar: tam 2 (КСТТ)
Middle Turkic: tam 1 (Abush.), 2 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tɔm 1, 3
Uighur: tam 2
Sary-Yughur: tam 2
Azerbaidzhan: dam 1, 3
Turkmen: tām 2, 3
Khakassian: tam 'layer (of earth)'
Halaj: dā̊m 1 ( < Ogh.)
Kirghiz: tam 2, 3
Kazakh: tam 'dug-out, grave'
Noghai: tam 2
Gagauz: dam 'shed, barn'
Karakalpak: tam 'hut'
Salar: tam 2
Kumyk: tam 2
Comments: VEWT 459 (the root has an irregular *t-/*d- variation), Лексика 529. TMN 2, No 834. Turk. > Bao. dem 'wall'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *tama
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wall
Russian meaning: стена
Written Mongolian: tama
Kalmuck: tamǝ
Comments: KW 377.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tamV-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shed, cover (for a hut)
Russian meaning: навес, покрышка для чума
Even: tamana
Nanai: tamịxị
Comments: See ТМС 2, 159.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tám
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wall
Russian meaning: стена
Modern Korean: tam
Middle Korean: tám
Comments: Liu 200, HMCH 230, KED 408.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tàmùruá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plot; camp
Russian meaning: участок; лагерь
Old Japanese: tamura
Middle Japanese: tàmùró
Tokyo: tamuró, támuro
Kyoto: támùrò
Kagoshima: tamuró
Comments: JLTT 541. Dialects reflect a variation between *tàmùruá and *tàmùruà.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *dwVmV
Meaning: build, house
Indo-European: *dem-
Altaic: *t`āma
Kartvelian: ? Georg. tem- 'Gemeinde, Stammverband, Gebiet, Bezirk'
References: ND 2281 *tam(')[u] 'earthen wall, house' (+ Berb.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dema-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to build
Tokharian: ? A, B tsäm- 'grow; cause to grow, promote' (Adams 735)
Old Greek: démō, aor. dẹ̄̂mai̯, pf. med. dédmǟmai̯, va. neó-dmǟto- `bauen'; démas n. `Körperbau, Gestall', domǟ́ `id.', dōmáō (~ -é-);
Germanic: *tim-r-a- n.; *tim-r-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: строить
References: WP I 786 f
Comments: Probably same root as *dom- 'house'.
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *timra-n; *timrian- vb.
Meaning: build, building
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *timrjan `build (up), strengthen, benefit, edify'; ga-timrjō f. (n) `building'
Old Norse: timbr n. `Bauholz; Gebäude'; timbra wk. `zimmern'
Norwegian: timber; timbra vb.
Swedish: timmer `Bauholz'; timra vb.
Danish: tömmer; tömre vb.
Old English: timber `Bauholz, Gebäude'
Old Frisian: timber `gebouw'
Old Saxon: timbar `Bauholz, Gebäude'
Middle Dutch: timber, timmer `het bouwen, bouwmateriaal, gebouw'
Dutch: timmeren; dial. timmer `Bauwerk, Zimmerwerk'
Middle Low German: timber
Old High German: zimbar (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: zimber, zimmer, zimer st. n., m. `Bauholz, Holzbau, Wohnung, Wohnraum'
German: Zimmer n.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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