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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`ănŋV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to count, recite
Russian meaning: считать, декламировать
Turkic: *tạnu-
Mongolian: *taŋna-
Tungus-Manchu: *taŋ-
Comments: Cf. also Kor. tǟ- 'to tell, indicate, confess' (SKE 249, EAS 120); MMong. ta'ul- (HY 40) 'to understand, distinguish' ( < *taŋul-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *tạnu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: know, get to know
Russian meaning: знать, узнавать
Karakhanid: tanu- 'сообщить, приказать' (MK)
Turkish: tanɨ-
Tatar: tanɨ-
Middle Turkic: tanɨ- (Abush.)
Uzbek: tani-
Uighur: tonu-, tani-
Sary-Yughur: tani-
Azerbaidzhan: tanɨ-
Turkmen: tanɨ-, (dial.) tānɨ-
Khakassian: tanɨ-
Shor: tanɨ-
Oyrat: tanɨ-
Chuvash: tɨn 'witness'
Tuva: tanɨ-
Tofalar: tanɨ-
Kirghiz: tānɨ-
Kazakh: tanɨ-
Noghai: tanɨ-
Bashkir: tanɨ-
Balkar: tanɨ-
Gagauz: tanɨ-
Karaim: tanɨ-
Karakalpak: tanɨ-
Salar: tanɨ-, tānɨ-
Kumyk: tanɨ-
Comments: VEWT 461, EDT 516. Turk. > MMo, WMong. tani- (see Щербак 1997, 153).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *taŋna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to search, spy
Russian meaning: расспрашивать
Written Mongolian: taŋna- (L 777)
Khalkha: tagna-
Buriat: tagna-
Dongxian: tanǯi-
Dagur: tanslǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: tangǝ-
Monguor: tangǝ-
Comments: MGCD 621.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *taŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to read, count
Russian meaning: читать, считать
Evenki: taŋ-
Even: taŋ-
Negidal: tāŋ-
Oroch: taŋǟ-, taŋi-
Udighe: taŋi-
Comments: ТМС 2, 161-162.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṭanV
Meaning: know
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *tong-, *tenk- (Pok. 1088)
Altaic: *t`ănŋV (+ *t`uŋe 2751?)
Uralic: *tuna
Eskimo-Aleut: *tunǝ-
References: МССНЯ 343; ND 2381 *ṭan̄V 'to feel, know' (part of Alt. + Ur. + ECush. Sa.); 2386 *ṭoŋV 'to learn, inform' (Alt. *t`uŋe + IE + same Ur. + Chad.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *tong(')-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to think
Tokharian: B cänk- 'to please' (Adams 253); A tunk, B tankw 'love' (PT *tänkw) (277)
Germanic: *ɵank-i- c., *ɵank-ō f., *ɵank-ia- vb., *ɵunk-an m., *ɵunk-a- m.; *ɵunk-ia- n., *ɵunk-iōn- f.; *ɵunk-ia- vb., *ɵanx-t-i- c.; *ɵank-ō- vb.
Latin: tongeō, -ēre `nōsse, scīre'
Other Italic: Praenest tongitiō `nōtiō'; Osk tanginud `sententiā', tanginom `sententiam'
Russ. meaning: думать
References: WP I 744
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *ɵanki-z, *ɵankō, *ɵankian- vb., *ɵunkēn, *ɵunka-z; *ɵunkia-n, *ɵunkiōn; *ɵunkian- vb., *ɵanxti-z; *ɵankōn-
Meaning: think
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ɵaŋkjan wk. irreg. `think, plan; think, deliberate; consider, ponder; be uncertain, confused, wonder about'; *ɵuŋkjan irreg. wk. `believe, have an opinion; seem, appear'; ɵaŋk-s m.? `kháris'
Old Norse: ɵekkja (prt. ɵātta/ɵekta) wk. `wahrnehmen, erkennen; kennen, wissen', ɵekk-r `angenehm, beliebt'; ɵükkja f. `Meinung, Gesinnung, Urteil'; ɵükkja wk. `dünken, scheinen, gefallen'; ɵɔkk f. `Dank, Lohn, Freude'; ɵakka wk. `danken', ɵekta 2, ɵokki m. `Meinung, Urteil; Gefallen, Neigung; Verdruss, Unwill en; Aussehen, Helm (ɵula)'; ɵokk-r m. `id.'
Norwegian: tekkja vb.; tekk adj.; tükkje `Meinung, Gutdünken'; tükkja vb.; takk; takka vb.; tokke; tokk
Old Swedish: ɵäkkia vb.; ɵokke, ɵukke
Swedish: täck adj.; tücke `Meinung, Gutdünken'; tücka-s vb.; tack; tacka vb.
Old Danish: täkke `meinen'; täk adj.
Danish: tükke `Meinung, Gutdünken'; tükke-s vb.; tak; takke vb.; tokke
Old English: ɵenc(e)an `denken'; ɵyncan `dünken, scheinen'; ɵanc `Gedanke, Gunst, Zufriedenheit, Dank', geɵōht; äf-ɵunca
English: think; pl. thanks
Old Frisian: thanka, thantsa, thenzia, tensa, tinsa vb.; thonc; thinka, thinszia, thinza
Old Saxon: thenkian; thank; thunkian; githāht
Middle Dutch: denken, dinken; danc `gedachte, wil, zin, dank, loon, lof'; dunken; ghedachte, ghedochte
Dutch: denken; dank m.; dunken; gedachte f.; { dunk }
Old Franconian: thencon; thankis `gratis'; gethāht
Middle Low German: denken; dank; dünken; gedachte, gedochte
Old High German: thenken (8.Jh.) `denken'; thunken (thūhta) (8.Jh.) `scheinen'; thanc (8.Jh.) `Denken, Gedanke, Dank'; gidāht
Middle High German: dɛnken wk. an. (prt. dāhte) intr. 'denken, gedenken', tr. 'mit seinen gedanken worauf verfallen; erdenken'; danc (-k-) st. m. 'gedanke, erinnerung; geneigtheit, wille; dank; kampfpreis'; dunken (prt. dūhte) wk. 'scheinen, dünken'; dunc (-k-) st. m. 'das bedünken'
German: denken; Dank; dünken
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 2020
Root: tong-1 (*teng-)
English meaning: to think, feel
German meaning: `denken, fühlen'
Derivatives: tongā `Gefühl'
Material: Lat. tongeō, -ēre `nōsse, scīre', prän. tongitiō `nōtiō'; osk. Ablat. tanginúd `sententia' (messap. Lw.?); alb. tângë `resentment';

    got. þagkjan, þāhta `denken, überlegen', aisl. þekkja `gewahr werden, verstehen, kennen' (þekkr `angenehm'), ahd. denchen `denken', ags. ðencan ds.; got. þugkjan, þūhta `dünken, scheinen', aisl. þykkja `ds., gefallen', ahd. dunchen `dünken, scheinen', ags. ðyncan ds.; got. *þagks `Dank', aisl. þǫkk f. `Dank, Zufriedenheit', ahd. dank `Denken, Gedanke, Dank', ags. ðanc `Gedanke, Gefühl, Zufriedenheit, Dank'; mhd. danknǣme, adän. taknem `dankbar';

    toch. A tuṅk-, В taṅkw `Liebe'.

References: WP. I 744, WH. II 690; daneben *tenk- in lett. ticinat `ausfragen', kuron. teñcinât ds., auch lett. tęnkāt `schwatzen, danken, loben'.
Pages: 1088
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1092
Proto: *tuna
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to get accustomed, learn
German meaning: sich gewöhnen, lernen
Mordovian: tonado- (E M) 'lernen; sich an etw. gewöhnen', tonavto- (E), tonafto- (M) 'lehren, gewöhnen'
Mari (Cheremis): tǝ̑menä-, tǝ̑mejä- (KB), tunema- (U B) 'lernen, sich üben, sich gewöhnen', tunǝ̑kte- (B) 'lehren, gewöhnen'
Udmurt (Votyak): tuno (S M) 'Zauberer, Wahrsager', tunal- (G Uf.) 'wahrsagen, zaubern', tunoći (Uf.) 'Wahrsager, Zauberer' ?
Komi (Zyrian): tun (V) 'Wahrsager, Seher', tunal- (S I) 'erwachsene Leute spielen (von Kinder); wahrsagen' ?
Hungarian: tanul- 'lernen, studieren', tanít- 'lehren, unterweisen'
Nenets (Yurak): tanarā- (O) 'durch Strafen abrichten, lehren'
Enets (Yen): tadda- (Ch.) 'lehren'
Selkup: tanti̮- (Ta.) 'lernen, erlernen', tanamda- 'sich gewöhnen, lernen'
Sammalahti's version: FU *toni-
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-slk,uralet-samm2,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *tunǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to hear, to perceive
Russian meaning: слышать, воспринимать
Proto-Yupik: *tunǝ-
Proto-Inupik: *tunaaʁǝ-, *tunǝq-ci-
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *tunǝ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to hear
Russian Meaning: слышать
Sirenik: túnǝʁáχtǝqǝ̄χtǝ́χ
PAME: *tuni- проверить по картотеке
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-pame,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *tunaaʁǝ-, *tunǝq-ci-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to have eyes fixed on 1, to rely on, to put trust in 2
Russian meaning: всматриваться 1, доверять, полагаться 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: tuniqsi- 'to have one's mind made up'
SPI Dialects: ~ Imaq tunípkatoq 'eyelid'
North Alaskan Inupik: tunɨqtu- 'to be emotionally stable, enduring, solid', tunɨqsima- 'faithful, enduring'
Western Canadian Inupik: tuniqsi- 'decided'
WCI Dialects: Car Baker Lake tuniqsi- 'more robust than others (man)'
Eastern Canadian Inupik: tuniqsi- 'to pledge, to give one's word of honour'
ECI Dialects: Lab tunāʁi- 1, tunāq 'thing one specialy wants' [Pack]
Greenlandic Inupik: tunāʁi- 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 350
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-ecis,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVNV
Meaning : know, hear
Eurasiatic : *ṭanV (?*-ŋ-) know
Austric : *TVŋ(a) hear
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-austr,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *TVŋ
Meaning: hear
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *tɨŋ / *dʔǝŋ
Austroasiatic meaning: to know, hear
Proto-Austronesian: *diŋa, *liŋa; *diŋeR; a'ntiŋ 'hear at a distance'; *qituŋ 'think about, consider'
Austronesian meaning: hear, listen
Proto-Thai: tɨ:n.B to know CK
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *tɨŋ / *dʔǝŋ
Meaning: to know, hear
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: tɨ:n.B to know CK
Proto-Katuic: WK *dʔaŋ V?
Proto-Bahnaric: *tǝŋ / WB *dǝŋ
Khmer: ṭɨŋ < OK teŋ, tjaŋ
Proto-Monic: *tɨm T?
Proto-Palaungic: Pr tɔŋ.B E?
Khasi: kyrteŋ to name
Proto-Aslian: SMI gǝrte:k
References: S-245
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,aaet-kmr,aaet-mon,aaet-pawa,aaet-khasi,aaet-asli,aaet-bib,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *dʔaŋ
Meaning: to know
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *dʔaŋ
References: 0
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-bibref,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *dʔaŋ
Meaning: to know
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: daŋ
Bru Van Keu meaning: to know
So: daŋ.N
So meaning: to know
Bru: daŋ.N
Bru meaning: to know; ndaŋ not know, without one's knowledge; sǝdaŋ.N to inform
Kui: diń.N VT?
Kui meaning: to know, learn
Kuay: diŋ.N
Kuay meaning: understand
Ngeu: diŋ.B
Ngeu meaning: know
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-vkv,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-so,wkatet-some,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,wkatet-kui,wkatet-kuime,wkatet-kuay,wkatet-kuayme,wkatet-ngeu,wkatet-nyeume,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *pǝn
Meaning: wrap
Bahnar: pǝn
Bahnar meaning: wrap around
Proto-North Bahnaric: *pan.L
banet-meaning,banet-bah,banet-bahme,banet-nob,

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North Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-Bahnaric: *pan.L
Meaning: wrap
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Rengao form: pan.L
Rengao meaning: wrap (bandage)
Jeh form: pan.L broj.L
Jeh meaning: bandage
nobet-meaning,nobet-prnum,nobet-ren,nobet-renme,nobet-jeh,nobet-jehme,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: ṭɨŋ
Meaning: to know, be familiar with; ptɨŋ, phtiǝŋ to inform < OK phtjaŋ
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: teŋ, tjaŋ
Old Khmer Meaning: to know, learn
References: P219, JP107-8, JP117
kmret-meaning,kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic: *tɨm
Meaning: to know
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: tiṃ
Old Mon: ti:m, tim
Middle Mon: tim
Nyakur: tɨm.L
Nyakur meaning: come to feel, realize; cǝdɨm.L to know
References: V186; S-156
monet-meaning,monet-prnum,monet-word,monet-om,monet-mm,monet-tc,monet-tcme,monet-bib,

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Aslian etymology :

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Proto-Aslian:
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Meaning: hear
Semai: gǝrte:k
asliet-prnum,asliet-meaning,asliet-smi,

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