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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tuju
Meaning: to listen, perceive
Russian meaning: слушать, воспринимать
Turkic: *duj-
Mongolian: *duɣul-
Tungus-Manchu: *duja
Japanese: *tuá-p-
Comments: The isolated Even parallel is somewhat dubious, but the rest of the forms are well explained by the original meaning 'perceive' (whence both 'listen' and 'ask') and correspond well to each other. {In Mong. cf. also WMo don-duɣ 'соображающий', donuj- 'осмысливать'; for Evn. duja 'noise' cf. Mong. düj 'возглас для подзыва собаки').}
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *duj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to perceive (by ears or nose), notice
Russian meaning: слышать, чуять, замечать
Old Turkic: tuj- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tuj- (MK)
Turkish: duj-
Tatar: toj-
Middle Turkic: tuj- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tuj-
Uighur: tuj-
Sary-Yughur: tuj-
Azerbaidzhan: duj-
Turkmen: duj-
Chuvash: tuj-, refl. tojъn-
Kirghiz: tuj-
Noghai: tuj-
Bashkir: toj-
Gagauz: duj-
Karaim: duj-, tuj-
Karakalpak: tuj-
Comments: VEWT 497, EDT 567, ЭСТЯ 3, 290-291, Ашм. XIV, 92-94, Федотов 2, 241. Chuv. may be < Tatar.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *duɣul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: listen
Russian meaning: слушать, слышать
Written Mongolian: duɣul- (L 271)
Middle Mongolian: dūla- (MA), du'ulqa- (SH) 'verkünden, bekanntgeben'
Khalkha: dūla-
Buriat: dūla-
Kalmuck: dūlɣǝ- (caus.)
Ordos: dūl-
Comments: KW 104.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *duja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: noise; to shout, cry
Russian meaning: шум; шуметь, кричать
Even: dụ̄ja, dụ̄ja-
Comments: ТМС 1, 220. Attested only in Evn., but having possible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tuá-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to address; to ask
Russian meaning: обращаться; спрашивать
Old Japanese: twop-
Middle Japanese: tóf-
Tokyo: tò-, tó-
Kyoto: tó-
Kagoshima: tò-
Comments: JLTT 771. Tokyo tò- and Kagoshima tò- point to an accent variant *tuàp-.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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