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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *čikŕo
Meaning: firm, strong
Russian meaning: крепкий, сильный
Turkic: *Tɨgra- / *Tɨgɨŕ
Mongolian: *čiɣirag
Tungus-Manchu: *diktu ( ~ ǯ-)
Korean: *čirk-
Japanese: *tíkàrà
Comments: Владимирцов 199, Poppe 15, Ozawa 121-123, JOAL 99, Miller 1985, 144-145. Mong. may be < Turk. (see Щербак 1997, 156), but not necessarily.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Tɨgra- / *Tɨgɨŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 firm, tough 2 narrow, compact, firm
Russian meaning: 1 крепкий, плотный 2 узкий, тесный, плотный
Old Turkic: tɨɣra-q 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tɨɣraq 1 (MK)
Turkmen: dɨqɨz 1 (a contamination with dɨq- `to stuff')
Oyrat: tūs 2
Chuvash: tъʷvъʷr 2
Yakut: tɨjɨs 2
Kirghiz: tɨɣɨz 2
Bashkir: tɨɣɨz 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 477, EDT 471.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čiɣirag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: firm, tough, strong
Russian meaning: крепкий, сильный
Written Mongolian: čigiraɣ (L 179)
Middle Mongolian: čijirax (HYt)
Khalkha: čīreg
Buriat: šīrag
Kalmuck: čīrǝg
Ordos: čīraG
Dongxian: čǝqara
Dagur: čira (Тод. Даг. 181)
Monguor: ćiraG (SM 456)
Comments: KW 443. Mong. > Oyr. čīraq; > Man. čira etc., see Doerfer MT 115, Rozycki 48.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *diktu ( ~ ǯ-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: firm, tough
Russian meaning: плотный, коренастый, сильный
Negidal: diktu
Literary Manchu: ǯuktu
Ulcha: diktu
Orok: ǯiktu
Nanai: ǯiktu
Oroch: diktu
Comments: ТМС 1, 205.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *čirk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tough, firm
Russian meaning: прочный, крепкий
Modern Korean: čilgi-
Middle Korean: čirkɨi-
Comments: Liu 686, KED 1551.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tíkàrà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: force, strength
Russian meaning: сила
Old Japanese: tikara
Middle Japanese: tíkàrà
Tokyo: chikará
Kyoto: chíkàrà
Kagoshima: chikára
Comments: JLTT 546.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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