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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tā́p`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to stamp, press
Russian meaning: топтать, давить
Turkic: *dāp-
Mongolian: *dabta-
Tungus-Manchu: *dap-
Comments: Poppe 104, Menges 1982, 105, Дыбо 13. A Western isogloss. There exists also a not quite reliable variant *t`abi id. (Mong. tab 'clinch, rivet'; TM *tabi- 'to forge' (ТМС 2, 149, with yet another variant *tabi-ti- > *tapti- / *tipti- id., see ibid. and ТМС 2, 186).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dāp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to trample
Russian meaning: топтать
Karakhanid: tabrɨ- 'to jump about (about a camel)' (MK)
Tatar: tapa- (dial.)
Turkmen: dābala- 'to trample' (of a camel), dābɨra- 'to ride, stamp'
Oyrat: tabar- 'to fall upon'
Yakut: tabɨj- 'to hit with front hooves' (of a horse)
Dolgan: tabɨn- 'to scratch with a hoof'
Kazakh: tapa-
Bashkir: tapa-
Karakalpak: tapɨlda-
Comments: EDT 443, ЭСТЯ 3, 111-112, Stachowski 214. The Tat., Kaz., Bashk. and KKalp. reflect a variant *dapa- (or perhaps expressive *dāppa-, to account for the lack of voicing -p- > -b- after a long vowel).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *dabta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to forge, hammer
Russian meaning: ковать, молотить
Written Mongolian: dabta- (L 213)
Middle Mongolian: dabta- (SH) ; dabši- 'to knock, hit' (SH)
Khalkha: davta-
Buriat: dabta-
Kalmuck: dawt- (КРС 175)
Ordos: dabta-
Dagur: dabete- (MD 131)
Shary-Yoghur: dapta- (MGCD 186)
Comments: Mong. > Kirgh. tapta- etc.; Evk. dapta- etc., Doerfer MT 101.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to flatten, press
Russian meaning: сплющивать, прижимать
Evenki: dapča-
Orok: dapāw-
Comments: ТМС 1, 197-198.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-ork,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṭapħa
Meaning: beat, hit
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *tep- 'to hit, trample'; *debh-, *deb-, *dep- 'to press, to rumple'
Altaic: *t`ep`a (and oth.)
Uralic: *tappa
Kartvelian: *ṭḳeṗ- / *ṭḳeb-
Dravidian: *tap-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *t(ǝ)bi- 'to stand (on two feet)'
Comments: An expressive root (and maybe more than one, cf. in Altaic also *t`abi and *tā́p`V, *t`i̯ŏ́p`é).
References: ОСНЯ 2, 108-109; ND 550 *da/oṗɣV ~ *da/o[ɣ]ṗV 'to push'; 2327 *ṭ[ä]bHa 'to trample, crumple, press' ( + Berb. Ah.); 2327a *ṭab(V)qa 'to hit, strike'; 2398 *ṭä[ṗ]V 'to squeeze, press'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *tap-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to press, to pound
Old Indian: vi-tapati `to force asunder', saṃ-tapati `to oppress, afflict'
Other Iranian: NPers tāftan `niederdrücken'
Old Greek: tapẹ̄nó- `niedrig gelegen, gering im Range, gemein, unbedeutend, demütig'
Slavic: *tepǭ, *tetī/*tepstī, *topātī, *topotъ
Baltic: *tep- (*tep-a-) vb. tr., *tep-ē̂- vb., *tap-ī̂- vb., *tap-nā̂-, -ā̂- vb.,
Germanic: *ɵab-ja- vb., *ɵa[f]-[ō]- vb., *ɵō[f]-a- n.
Russ. meaning: давить, прессовать, толочь
References: WP I 705
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: тепу́
Near etymology: I, тепти́ "бить", утепти́ "убить", итер. утепа́ть, псковск. (Даль), укр. тепу́, тепти́, др.-русск. тепу, тети, ст.-слав. тепѫ, тети μαστιγοῦν, τύπτειν (Остром.), болг. те́пам "валяю, трамбую, бью", сербохорв. тѐпе̑м, тѐпсти "бить", -се "слоняться", словен. tẹ́pem, tépsti "бить, колотить", чеш. tерu, tераti, слвц. tераt᾽, в.-луж. с́ерас́ "бить", н.-луж. śераś, śepju.
Further etymology: Праслав. *tерǫ, *te(p)ti; согласно Миклошичу (см. Мi. LР 988), связано отношением чередования с то́пот, топта́ть. Кроме того, считается родственным лит. tерù, tèpti "мазать", лтш. tepju, tерt -- то же, лит. tapýti, tараũ "лепить", tap(š)nóti "похлопывать ладонью", ср. знач. нем. auswischen "вытирать; ударить, смазать", чеш. mazati "мазать, колотить"; см. Ягич, AfslPh 2, 398; М.--Э. 4, 165; Буга, РФВ 65, 307; Траутман, ВSW 319. Аналогичный к. *tар- "бить" широко распространен также в уральск. языках: морд. tар̀а-, фин. tарра-, венг. tар-, tор- "топтать", ненецк. tара- "толкать, бить" (см. Паасонен, KSz 14, 69). Звукоподражательное. См. то́пать.
Pages: 4,44-45
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *tep- (*tep-a-) vb. tr., *tep-ē̂- vb., *tap-ī̂- vb., *tap-nā̂-, -ā̂- vb.,
Meaning: smear; beat
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: tèpti (tẽpa, tẽpē) 'schmieren, salben, streichen, besudeln; nicht schön schreiben, anstreichen; schlagen, hauen'; tapī́ti 'malen, färben, schmieren, tapnṓti 'langsam mit der flachen Hand schlagen; betasten, liebkosen, streichen, schmieren; trampeln; (mit den Füssen) stampfen'
Lettish: tept (-pju, -pu) 'schmieren, bestreichen', tepêt 'schmieren'; tapât 'okulieren, pfropfen; schreiten (mit kleinen Schritten)'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *ɵabjan- vb., *ɵa[f]Vn- vb., *ɵō[f]a-n
Meaning: press, pound
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɵefja wk. `stampfen (von Grütze)', ɵōf n. `Gedränge; Streit, Zank', ɵōfi m. `Filz'
Norwegian: tava `reissen, schleppen'; tov `Walken; Filz'; tove `Wisch'
Swedish: tov `gewalkte Wolle, Filz', töv `unruhiges Meer'; tova `Wisch'
East Frisian: dafen `schlagen, stampfen'
Old High German: { bi-deppen `bedrücken' }
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-eastfris,germet-ohg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1959
Root: tap-2
English meaning: to press down, press together
German meaning: `niederdrücken, zusammendrücken'
Material: Gr. ταπεινός `niedrig, demütig' (`*gedrückt'); aisl. þefja `stampfen', þōf n. `Gedränge', þōfi m. `Filz' (daraus lit. túba, lett. tūba, apr. tubo `Filz'.)
References: WP. I 705, Mayrhofer 477.
Pages: 1056
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1038
Proto: *tappa
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to stamp with feet; to hit, knock
German meaning: mit den Füssen stampfen; schlagen, pochen, klopfen
Finnish: tappa- 'totschlagen; ermorden; schlachten', tappele- 'sich schlagen, kämpfen', taputta- 'klopfen, klatschen'
Estonian: tapa- 'töten, schlachten', dial. tap̄- 'dreschen'
Mordovian: tapa- (E M) 'schlagen, prügeln, zerschlagen, zertreten, niedertreten'
Udmurt (Votyak): tap- (URS) 'быть плотно утоптанным', tapi̮rt- (S), tapi̮rti̮- (URS) 'stampfen, топтать' ?
Komi (Zyrian): tap-tap kar- 'klopfen, schlagen', tapki̮- (S P VU) 'erhaschen, in den Rücken stoßen; идти, мягко ступая лапами' ?
Hungarian: topp, top, tapp, tap (dial.) 'Schritt, Tritt', top (dial.) 'unterer Teil des Oberfußes, Fuß', top- (dial.) 'zertreten, zerstampfen', tapod- (dial. tipod-) 'treten, zertreten', tapos- 'treten', tapsol- '(in die Hände) klatschen'
Nenets (Yurak): tapar- (O) 'mit dem Fuß treten, stoßen; ein Bein stellen'
Selkup: tapi̮r- (Ta.) '(mit dem Fuß) stoßen', tappol- 'stoßen', taperna- (Ta. B), tāberna- (Ke.), tabarna- (N) 'mit den Füßen stoßen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mrd,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-slk,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳeb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: топтать, придавливать
English meaning: to trample, press upon
Georgian: ṭḳeb-
Svan: ṭḳeb-, ṭḳb-
Laz: (n)ṭḳab-, ṭḳaṗ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182, EWK 329-330. Сближение с ПИЕ *tep- 'бить, топтать', алт. *t`apV 'бить, ковать, топтать', урал. *tappa- 'бить, топтать', драв. *tapp- 'бить' см. МССHЯ 330.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *tap-
Meaning : to strike
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *tap-/*dab-
Proto-Telugu : *dabb-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *tap-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *tap-
Notes : Telugu *d- probably by contamination with *dap-.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *tap-/*dab-
Meaning : to strike
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : tappu (tappi-)
Tamil meaning : to strike, beat, kill
Tamil derivates : tappai a blow
Kannada : dabbe, debbe, ḍabbe, ḍebbe
Kannada meaning : a blow, stroke
Number in DED : 3075
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *dabb-
Meaning : to slap
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : dabbaḍincu
Additional forms : Also debba blow, stroke, attack
Number in DED : 3075
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *tap-
Meaning : to strike, kill
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : tapp-
Additional forms : Also Parji tapoṛ slap
Number in DED : 3075
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *tap-
Meaning : to beat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : tap-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kon,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : tap-
Meaning: (BB) to strike, hit
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3075
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *t(ǝ)bi-
Meaning (Rus.): стоять на двух ногах
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *tbɨ-ɫɫa-
Proto-Itelmen: *tĕ-, *t'zo-
kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *tbɨ-ɫɫa-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): стоять на ногах (о человеке) 1, (встать) на дыбы 2
Chukchee: (t)vetɫa- 1, (АБ) wetca- 1, 2
Koryak: (t)vella- 1
Palan: vec̨c̨a-k 1, veccaŋ 2
Alutor: (c)vicca- 1
Comments: Первоначальное значение 'стоять на двух ногах'. Ср. *-tbi- 'стать каким-либо'(1352). Интересно также *ǝnbiɫ- 'остановиться'.
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,chuket-comments,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *tĕ-, *t'zo-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): вставать
Itelmen: t-kes (t-at-kes mult.) 1, te-kej- 2, tx-zu-kes dur. 3
Itelmen meaning: вставать 1, вставать с постели 2, стоять 3, поставить, ставить 4, расставлять (по местам) 5
West Itelmen: ta-kai̯-kaz 1, tzo-kaz 2, tzo-lit-kaz 3
West Itelmen meaning: surgere e lecto 1, stare 2, distare 3
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): wstawać z ɫoża 1, stać 2, odstawać, być oddalonymi 3
South Itelmen: ta-kai̯-kik 3sg. past 1, ~ si-skazix 2sg. pres. 2
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): surrexit 1, stas 2
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): powstaɫ 1, stoisz 2
Number in Volodin 1976: 209, 62, 200
Stebnitsky reference: 104
Comments: Вторая часть композита 'вставать с постели' - *-kej- (240).
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,itelet-vol,itelet-steb,itelet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVPV
Meaning : beat, hit
Eurasiatic : *ṭapħa
Afroasiatic : *dup-
Sino-Caucasian : ST *TVp 'beat'
Austric : *dVp
African (misc.) : Cf. Bantu *-tòb- 'hit, break'; Sandawe *dubeʔ 'to hit, smash'.
Notes : An expressive root (and maybe more than one, cf. in Altaic also *t`i̯ŏ́p`é and *tā́p`V; in ST also *dhēp). In Afroas. cf. also *ṭibaʕ- 'push', *daw/yVs- 'trample', *dab-/*dib- 'break, beat'; in Austric cf. also *tab.
Reference : ОСНЯ 2, 108-109, ND 550; Guthrie 1770.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-afr,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *dup-
Meaning: push
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *dVp- 'push'
Western Chadic: *dup- 'push'
Central Chadic: *duf- 'press with force (a hard object)'
South Cushitic: *dif- 'beat'
Omotic: *dup- 'throw'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-scu,afaset-omo,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1094
Proto-Semitic: *dVp-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'push'
Hebrew: dpy
Mehri: dōfa
Harsusi: dōfa
Notes: Cf. also Sem *dVḥVp- 'push away' (Akk daʔapu, Hbr dḥp) and *nVdVp- 'push': Hbr ndp, Arab ndf.
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-hbr,semet-mhr,semet-hss,semet-notes,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *dup-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'push'
Sura: túp [JgS]
Notes: For Ngz dǝ̀bú see CCh Mlw dìbí [TMlv}, both < *dVb
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-sur,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *duf-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'press with force (a hard object)'.
Mafa=Matakam: dúdúf- [BMaf]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mtk,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *dif-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'beat'
Alagwa (Wasi): dif-
Burunge (Mbulungi): dif-
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-alg,scuet-bur,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *dup-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'throw'
Kafa (Kaficho): dup-
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-kaf,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *dVp
Meaning: to beat
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *dɨ:p / *dɨp
Austroasiatic meaning: beat
Proto-Thai: dup to beat
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *dɨ:p / *dɨp
Meaning: beat
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: dup to beat
Proto-Katuic: *dɨ:p
Proto-Vietic: cf. CHIN
Proto-Khmu: *tɨp
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-vim,aaet-kmu,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *dɨ:p
Meaning: to stamp (with the foot)
Presyllable: # / cǝN-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *dɨ:p
Proto-East Katuic: *dVp
References: P-1074; TK16.15a
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *dɨ:p
Meaning: to stamp (with the foot)
Presyllable: gǝ- / #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru: kǝtɨ:p.B
Bru meaning: to stamp (with the foot)
Kui: thɨ:p.B
Kui meaning: to stamp
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,wkatet-kui,wkatet-kuime,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *dVp
Meaning: to stamp (with the foot)
Presyllable: cǝN-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Kantu dialects: candop
Triw: cɨndǝp
Dakkan dialects (1): candɔp
Katu dialects (1): tǝp E?
Katu meaning: to march
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-kntt,ekatet-tr,ekatet-dkl,ekatet-and,ekatet-katme,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: to smash, break
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: d_ập
Vietnamese meaning: smash, pound, break
Muong dialect: dǝ̆p.3
Nguon dialect (1): tǝ̆p.8
Nguon dialect (2): ʔǝ̆p.8
Phong: tɨ̆p.8
Proto-Ruc: *tɨp.3
Ruc (Russian field rec.): tɨp.3
Ruc meaning: to crumble
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-viet,vimet-vietme,vimet-anng,vimet-ncl,vimet-nyt,vimet-pho,vimet-prru,vimet-rucr,vimet-rucme,

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