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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *šŏ́mo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to dive, submerge, scoop
Russian meaning: нырять, погружаться, черпать
Turkic: *čom- / čöm-
Mongolian: *čomu
Tungus-Manchu: *šom-
Korean: *sằm-
Japanese: *sǝ́má-
Comments: SKE 21, EAS 64, 141.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čom- / *čöm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to dive 2 to swim 3 to scoop 4 to immerse, dip 5 scoop
Russian meaning: 1 погружаться, нырять 2 плавать, купаться 3 черпать 4 окунать 5 черпак, ковш
Old Turkic: čom- = čöm- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: čom-, čöm- 1 (MK), čömče 5 (MK Oghuz)
Turkish: čömče 5
Tatar: čum- 1, čümeč 5
Middle Turkic: čom- 1 (Abush.)
Uzbek: čụm-(mɔq) 1, čụmič 5
Uighur: čom-, čom-ul- (pass.) 1, čömüč 5
Sary-Yughur: čomɨš 5 (ЯЖУ)
Azerbaidzhan: čömčä 5
Khakassian: som- 1,2, somnax 'spoon'
Shor: šom- 2
Oyrat: čöm- 1, 4, čomɨjaq 'pannier made of birch bark'
Chuvash: čъʷm- 1 ( < Tat.?; čъm 'jar' may be < Pers., see Федотов 2, 401)
Yakut: som-us- 3
Tuva: šɨm-ɨn- (refl.) 1
Tofalar: šom- 1, šomuq 'a small trough made of birch bark'
Kirghiz: čomul-/čömül- 1, 2, čömü- 1, čömö- 4, čömüč 5
Kazakh: šom-ɨl- (pass.) 1, 2, šömiš 5
Noghai: šom-ɨl- (pass.) 1, 2, šomaqa , šömiš 5
Bashkir: sumɨ- 1, sümes 5
Balkar: čömüč 5
Karaim: (K) čöm- 1, (T) čom- 1, 2, (H) com- 1, 'to flow'; (K) čomɨč, (T) čömüč 5
Karakalpak: šom-ɨl- (pass.) 1, 2, šömiš 5
Salar: čum- (čöm-) 1, 2 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: čom- 4, čomuč 5
Comments: VEWT 115, TMN 3, 95-99, EDT 422, Егоров 319. Cf. also *čamčak / -ɨ- 'big spoon' (VEWT 98; < *čom-čak?). Various forms meaning 'to squat' may belong here as well (cf.: Tur. čömel-, Az. čömäl-, Gag. čömel-, Turkm. čommal-, Tat. čümäš-, Kaz. šömej-, KBalk. čömel- ('trip over'; cf. also čömel-t- 'to turn over; dip someone into water'), with a secondary semantic development ('dip, dive' > 'fall or sit down, squat'); cf. similar semantic shifts in PT *čök-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čomu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoop
Russian meaning: черпак
Written Mongolian: čomu, čom (L 197: čomu 'wine cup, goblet')
Khalkha: com
Buriat: sobxon
Kalmuck: cōmǝ
Dagur: čomō (Тод. Даг. 182)
Comments: KW 431. Mong. > Evk. čomo, Man. čoman, čomo (see Doerfer MT 61; but note that forms like Evk. čomko are genuine).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *šom-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 deep 2 scoop 3 to pour water over oneself 4 to submerge, fall under ice
Russian meaning: 1 глубокий 2 чашка, черпак 3 облиться водой 4 увязать, проваливаться под лед
Evenki: čomko 2
Even: čumku- 3
Spoken Manchu: šumin, sumin 1 (2617)
Literary Manchu: šumin 1
Jurchen: ĉu-mi-gi (695) 1
Udighe: čompo- 4
Comments: ТМС 2, 406, 414, 429. TM > Dag. somog (Тод. Даг. 163).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *sằm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swallow 2 to penetrate
Russian meaning: 1 глотать 2 проникать, пронизывать
Modern Korean: samkhi- 1, samu-čhi- 2
Middle Korean: sằmskí- 1, sằmằs-, sằmằčh- 2
Comments: Nam 287, 293, KED 874, 905.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sǝ́má-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dip, dye
Russian meaning: красить, погружать в краску
Old Japanese: soma-
Middle Japanese: sómá-
Tokyo: sòme-
Kyoto: sómé-
Kagoshima: somé-
Comments: JLTT 755.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *swVmV ( ~ šw-, č`w-)
Meaning: to dive, submerge
Indo-European: *swem(bh)- ?
Altaic: *šŏ́mo
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *šǝmẹ-
Comments: Cf. *Sem[H]V.
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *swem(bh)-
Meaning: to be unsteady, to swim
Baltic: *swamb-u- adj., *swam̃b-a-l-a- adj.
Germanic: *swim-a- vb., *swimm-a- vb., *swam-ja- vb., *swam-ō- vb., *sun-d-a- n., *swúm-s-la- n., etc.
Russ. meaning: бежать, плыть
References: WP II 524 (different in Pok.)
piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *swamb-u- adj., *swam̃b-a-l-a- adj.
Meaning: unsteady
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: svambù- 'durch Schwere schwankend (von Ähren), schwer', svam̃bala- 'was hangend baumelt oder dazu bestimmt ist'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *swiman-, *swimman-, caus. *swamjan-, *swamōn-, *sunda-n, *swúmsla-n etc.
Meaning: swim; sound
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: swumfsl n. (a) `pool'
Old Norse: svimma, svima, sümja st. `schwimmen'; sund n. `Schwimmen; Sund, Meer'; sünd-r `der schwimmen kann'
Norwegian: dial. svemja, sümja vb.; dial. svamla, sumla 'plätschern' {`phantasieren'}, svamra `umherirren, schwärmen', svamra `umherirren'; sund; sümd vb.
Old Swedish: sund
Swedish: simma vb.
Old Danish: sund
Danish: svömme vb.
Old English: swimman `schwimmen'; sund n. `Schwimmfähigkeit; (poet.) See, Wasser'; syndig `im Schwimmen geschickt'
English: swim; sound
Old Frisian: swommia vb.
Old Saxon: swimman `schwimmen'
Middle Dutch: swemmen `drijven, zwemmen'; swimmen
Dutch: zwemmen
Middle Low German: swemmen st.; sunt, -d- m. `Meerenge'
Old High German: swimman st. (8.Jh.) `schwimmen'
Middle High German: swimmen st. 'schwimmen'; swɛmmen wk. 'schwimmen machen'; swamen wk. `schwimmen'; swam (-mm-) st. m. 'überschwemmung'
German: schwimmen, schwemmen; [Sund]
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1933
Root: su̯em-
English meaning: to move; to swim
German meaning: `sich bewegen', im Germ. meist `schwimmen'
Material: Air. to-senn- `verfolgen' (*su̯em-d-ne-), Verbalnomen tofunn, wohl zu:

    norw. svamla `phantasieren', svamra `umherirren, schwärmen'; aisl. svim(m)a, symja (Prät. svamm summum und svam svǭmum) `schwimmen', ahd. as. ags. swimman ds.; Kaus. mhd. swemmen `schwimmen lassen', nhd. schwemmen; afries. swammia, mhd. swamen `schwimmen', isl. norw. svamla, sumla `plätschern', got. swumsl n. `Teich'; aisl. sund n. `das Schwimmen; Meerenge, Sund' (d. i. `*noch überschwimmbar'), syndr `schwimmfähig', ags. sund n. `Schwimmfähigkeit', poet. `See, Wasser', mnd. sunt (-d-) `Meerenge' (nhd. Sund); anders über nhd. Sund Kluge-Gotze16 780.

References: WP. II 524.
Pages: 1046
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *šǝmẹ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): окунать, мыть
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *šǝme ~ *š-me-
Proto-Itelmen: *lǝmi-
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ǝšme ~ *š-me-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): макать, окунать
Chukchee: rǝmɛ́-, -nmɛ-
Koryak: jǝme- (I)
Palan: -nme- (I)
Alutor: tǝma-, -nma-
Comments: Ср. *ɫǝmhe- 'нырять' (204), *ъtmъt- (~ *-šm-) 'мыть' (1267). В чук. jǝme- 'зачерпнуть' (АБ) из кор.?
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,chuket-comments,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *'lǝmi-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): мыть
Itelmen: lǝ̆mǝ̆-s 1
Itelmen meaning: мыть 1, мыться 2
West Itelmen: lɨmi-z, lemǝt-ǝz 1, lɨm-zo-kaz, lemǝt-kaz 2
West Itelmen meaning: lavare 1, se lavare 2
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): prać, myć, umywać 1, umywać się 2
Number in Volodin 1976: 200
Comments: Ср. *čimɫ- 'мыть' (366).
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-vol,itelet-comments,

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