Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ši̯ŭ́r[e]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to rub, polish
Russian meaning: тереть, полировать
Turkic: *sür(-t)-
Mongolian: *sürči-
Tungus-Manchu: *šürü- (/*šurü-)
Korean: *sɨ̀rh-
Japanese: *súr-
Comments: SKE 238. Mong. may be < Turk., see Щербак 1997, 198. The genuine reflex may be Mong. *sir- (Khalkha šürge-, Kalm. šürgǝ- 'to rub off', WMong. sirgü-, KW 371; Khalkha širǖn, Kalm. šürǖn, WMong. sireɣün 'rough, shaggy'; WMong. sirbe- 'to sweep') - although the -i- vowel here is not quite clear. The root generally displays some variation between *ši̯ŭ́re and *ši̯ŭ́ru.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *sür(-t)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rub, smear
Russian meaning: тереть, мазать
Old Turkic: sürt- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sürt- (MK)
Turkish: sür-, sürt-
Middle Turkic: sür- (Pav. C.), sürt- (IM), sürüt- (AH)
Uzbek: surt-
Sary-Yughur: sürt-
Azerbaidzhan: sürt-
Turkmen: sür-, sürt-
Khakassian: sürt-
Oyrat: sürt-
Chuvash: sǝʷr-
Yakut: ür-
Tuva: sür-
Kirghiz: sür-, sürt-
Kazakh: sürt-
Noghai: sür-, sürt-
Bashkir: hü̆r-, hü̆rt-
Balkar: sürt-
Gagauz: sürüt-
Karaim: sürt-
Karakalpak: sür-, sürt-
Kumyk: sürt-
Comments: EDT 846, VEWT 437, Егоров 188, Лексика 382, ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *sürči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rub
Russian meaning: тереть, втирать
Written Mongolian: sürči- (L 744)
Middle Mongolian: surči- (MA 329, 330)
Khalkha: sürči-
Kalmuck: sürčǝ-
Ordos: sürči- 'oindre'
Comments: KW 341.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *šürü- (/*šurü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rip (with claws) 2 to whet; rip off (skin, flesh) 3 knife for carving ornaments
Russian meaning: 1 раздирать (когтями) 2 точить; сдирать (кожу, мясо) 3 нож для вырезания орнамента
Evenki: čuri- 1
Literary Manchu: šuru- 2
Ulcha: čūre(n) 3
Nanai: čūruẽ 3
Solon: š́irụxā̃ 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 416, 426, 430.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *sɨ̀rh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to polish, rub off
Russian meaning: полировать
Modern Korean: s:ɨl- [s:ɨlh-]
Middle Korean: sɨrh-
Comments: Nam 322, KED 1028.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *súr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rub, whet, polish
Russian meaning: тереть, точить, полировать
Old Japanese: sur-
Middle Japanese: súr-
Tokyo: súr-
Kyoto: sùr-
Kagoshima: sùr-
Comments: JLTT 759. Modern dialects reflect *sùr- - due to a merger of *súr- 'rub' and *sùr- 'print, close up' which are clearly distinguished in RJ.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *SUrV
Meaning: to rub, smear
Altaic: *ši̯ŭ́r[e]
Uralic: *sirV (*sürV) (cf. also *šera 1632)
Kartvelian: *sres- / sris- (cf. also *śer- 987)
Comments: Cf. *CVrV.
References: ND 2110 *sürV ~ *surE 'to rub, scratch' (+ dub. Drav.; + Chad.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1579
Proto: *sirV (*sürV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to smear, stroke
German meaning: schmieren, streichen
Mari (Cheremis): šǝrä- (KB) 'malen, bestreichen, schmieren', śüre- (M) 'schmieren, bestrteichen', šüre- (B) 'einschmieren' ? (if not < Chuv.)
Udmurt (Votyak): zi̮r- (S), zǝ̑r- (K) 'bestreichen, schmieren, einreiben', zi̮ral- (S), zǝ̑ral- (K), zị̑ral- (G) 'schmieren, streichen, reiben' ?
Komi (Zyrian): zi̮ral- (S), zi̮ra.v- (P) 'reiben, schaben', zi̮rt- (S P), zørt- (PO) 'reiben, schaben' ( > Khanty Ni. săr- 'durch Reibung brausend am Ufer zerbrechen (Eis); Mansi T sarlat- 'anstreichen', сäр- (Ju.), сар- (N) 'тереться, ломаться (о льде)' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

Search within this database


Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kartvelian: *sres- / sris-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: гладить
English meaning: to caress
Georgian: sres-, sris-
Megrel: sirs-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 165-166, EWK 304.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
2907867881
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov