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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *šĭ́mi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to suck, soak
Russian meaning: сосать, впитывать
Turkic: *simü-
Mongolian: *sime
Tungus-Manchu: *šime-
Korean: *sɨ́mɨ́i-
Japanese: *sím-
Comments: Ozawa 223, KW 358, Lee 1958, 117, АПиПЯЯ 17, Martin 242, Whitman 1985, 127, 212, Martin 1996, 82. Korean has a not quite clear high tone; otherwise correspondences are quite regular.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *simü- / *sümü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suck, swallow
Russian meaning: сосать
Karakhanid: simür- (MK)
Turkish: süm-, sümür-
Middle Turkic: sümür- (Pav. C., IM)
Uzbek: simir-
Uighur: sümür-
Azerbaidzhan: sümür-
Turkmen: sümür-
Chuvash: sim, sǝm 'honey drink'
Kazakh: simir-
Noghai: simir-
Bashkir: hĭmĭr-
Karakalpak: simir-
Comments: VEWT 422, EDT 829, Федотов 2, 50, ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sime
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 juice, sap 2 to suck 3 to soak
Russian meaning: 1 сок 2 сосать 3 впитывать
Written Mongolian: sime 1, sime-, simi- 2, simed- 3 (L 709)
Middle Mongolian: šimi- 2 (SH), šimi- 3 (MA 333)
Khalkha: šim 1, šime- 2, šimde- 3
Buriat: šeme 1, šeme- 2
Kalmuck: šim; šimǝ-, šüm- 1
Ordos: šime 1, šime- 2
Dagur: šim; šime- 1 (Тод. Даг. 183), šimi- 1, šime (MD 216)
Shary-Yoghur: šǝme 1, šǝme- 2
Monguor: śime (SM 396), (MGCD śimēn) 1, šǝme-, šǝmu- (SM 374), (MGCD śimu-) 2
Mogol: šimi- 2
Comments: KW 357-358, 371, MGCD 717. Cf. also *sim-bu- 'to dive'. Mong. > Man. simi- etc. (ТМС 2, 87; Doerfer MT 119; Rozycki 183). Mong. > Yak. sim-.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *šime-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to soak; suck
Russian meaning: просачиваться; сосать
Even: čịmъ̣l-
Literary Manchu: šime-
Ulcha: čime-
Nanai: čime-
Comments: ТМС 2, 394.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *sɨ́mɨ́i-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to soak, permeate
Russian meaning: впитываться, просачиваться
Modern Korean: sɨmi-
Middle Korean: sɨ́mɨ́i-
Comments: Nam 318, KED 1025.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sím-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to soak
Russian meaning: впитываться, просачиваться
Old Japanese: sim-
Middle Japanese: sím-
Tokyo: shìmi-
Kyoto: shímí-
Kagoshima: shimí-
Comments: JLTT 751.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *Sem[H]V
Meaning: to swallow
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *semǝ- 'to scoop' (Pok. 901-902)
Altaic: *šimi
Uralic: *śēme
Kartvelian: ? *śim- 'wet' (cf. also *c̣umṗ- 205)
Comments: For PIE cf. rather PA *šŏ́mo 'dive, scoop' (2193)
References: МССНЯ 335; ND 2065 *simV 'be wet; moisture, liquid' (Kartv. + Mong., Manch. + East Cush.); 2066 *ś/ŝeHm[ü] 'to swallow' (Ur. + Alt. + SH).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *samǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to draw
Armenian: amal `ausleeren, entladen'
Old Greek: ámǟ (> lat. hama) `Wassereimer', hamís f. `Nachtgeschirr'; ? ántlo-s m. `Schiffsbodenwasser, Kielwasser'
Baltic: *sem̂- vb. tr., *sam̂-ti- c.
Latin: sentīna f. `Schiffsbodenwasser; Kielwasser, Schiffsjauche'
Celtic: *to-eks-sem-, *semtiō(n)-, *to-air-uks-semtiō, *to-uks-semtiō > OIr doesmet `sie giessten aus', imp. tessim `giess ausL!'; inf. teistiu `das Ausgiessen', tairsitiu `innundatio', tuistiu `Zeugung, Schöpfung'
Russ. meaning: вычерпывать
References: WP II 487 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *sem̂- vb. tr., *sam̂-ti- c.
Meaning: draw
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: sémti (sẽmia/dial. sẽma, sḗmē) `(mit einem Schöpfgefäss, der hohlen Hand, einem Löffel) schöpfen, nehmen, schaufeln, entleeren', sámti-s `Schöpflöffel, -kelle, Suppenkelle, Kochlöffel'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1681
Root: sem-1
English meaning: to pour
German meaning: `schöpfen, gießen'
Material: Gr. ἀμάομαι `sammle', ἄμη f. `Wassereimer' (daraus lat. ama `Feuereimer', woraus mhd. ame, ome, nhd. Ohm `Flüssigkeitsmaß'), ἀμίς f. `Nachttopf', ἀμνίον n. `Opferschale', ἄμαλλα f. `Garbe'(ἄμιλλα), aber ἄντλος, -ον `Haufen, Schiffsraum, Kielwasser' nach Benveniste BSL. 50, 39 zu hitt. ḫan- `giessen';

    illyr. FlN Semnus (Lucanien);

    lat. sentīna `Kielwasser, Schiffsjauche', sentīnō `schöpfe das Wasser aus, habe meine Not';

    air. sem- `ausgießen' in to-eks-sem- ds., to-uks-sem- `zeugen, erzeugen', Verbalnomen teistiu `Ausgießen', tuistiu `Zeugung, Schöpfung' (*to-uks-sem-tiō) usw.; vgl. auf Grund einer abstufenden Flexion -tiō(n)- : -tīn-es oben lat. sentīna (ursprüngl. Adj., scil. aqua); mit -d- weitergebildetsend- in abret. do-uo-hinnom gl. `austum', cymr. gwe-hynnu `schöpfen, ausleeren';

    lit. semiù, sémti `schöpfen', sámtis `Schöpflöffel', mit -el-Weiterbildung lett. smel̨u, smel̂t `schöpfen'.

References: WP. II 487 f., WH. II 514 f., Trautmann 256, Ifor Williams RC 40, 487, Frisk 88 f.
Pages: 901-902
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1606
Proto: *śēme
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: gulp, drink; to drink, swallow
German meaning: Trunk, Schluck; trinken, schlucken
Finnish: siemi (gen. siemen) 'Trunk, Trank', siemaise- 'schluckweise trinken, schlucken, verschlucken', sieme, siemy, siemyt 'Schluck, wieviel man auf einmal hinunterschluckt' ( > Est. dial. sima- 'gierig trinken mit sehr großen Schlucken'; Saam. L siepmalin ~ siepmanin 'in einem Zug, ohne zu schlucken, in sich hineinschütten')
Estonian: seem (gen. seeme), sõõm (gen. sõõme) 'Trunk, Schluck'
Mordovian: śime- (E), śimo- (M) 'trinken'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mrd,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *śim-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мокрый, влага
English meaning: damp, liquid (n.)
Georgian: sim-ur-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вода
Georgian meaning (Engl.): water
Megrel: šim-e
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мокрый, влага
Megrel meaning (Eng.): damp, liquid (n.)
Notes and references: EWK 317.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVMV
Meaning : to swallow
Eurasiatic : *Sem[H]V
Afroasiatic : *sim-
Sino-Caucasian : ? ST *cĭm(H) 'soak, submerge'; *ćăm 'moisten, soak'; *ćhɨāmH 'gruel, soup'
Austric : *CVm
African (misc.) : Cf. Macro-Khoisan *c̮[K]U[m] "to suck".
Reference : МССНЯ 335; ND 2065, 2066.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *sim-
Meaning: suck
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *sVm-
East Chadic: *si/ʔi-sVm-
South Cushitic: *seʔem- 'suck in air'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-ech,afaset-scu,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *sVm-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'suck'
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): summ
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-qbl,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *si/ʔi-sVm-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'suck'
Somrai: šī-šǝ̄m [CLR: 311]
Sokoro: ʔǝ́-símǝ̀ [CLR: 311]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-smr,echet-sok,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *seʔem-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'suck in air'
Qwadza (Ngomvia): seʔem-
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-kwz,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *CVm
Meaning: to dampen, immerse
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: Viet. tòm immerse
Proto-Austronesian: *k'ǝmk'ǝm
Austronesian meaning: dampen
Proto-Thai: ZhT *com (Ben.) immerse
References: Ben 2701, Peiros 1998, 93 (with doubts)
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,austr-bibl,

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