Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ū́ra
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: arrow; fight, battle, success in battle
Russian meaning: стрела; битва, удача в бою
Turkic: *sɨ̄r-
Mongolian: *sur
Tungus-Manchu: *sori
Korean: *sàră-
Japanese: *satu-i
Comments: The Korean reflex is somewhat dubious, being traditionally derived < *sār- 'to live' (sară-čap- = 'to take alive'). This, however, may be a secondary folk etymology, the original meaning of the compound being 'to take booty'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *sɨ̄r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 arrow, tip of an arrow 2 sabre 3 fight
Russian meaning: 1 стрела, наконечник стрелы 2 сабля 3 битва
Turkmen: sɨ̄rma 2
Khakassian: sɨr 1
Chuvash: šъrъm 3
Yakut: ɨrba 1
Comments: VEWT 418 (Khak.)
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *sur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: competition in bow-shooting
Russian meaning: соревнование в стрельбе
Written Mongolian: surčin (L 738: sur 'archer's target', 739: surčin 'archer')
Buriat: hurša 'arrow'
Kalmuck: sur
Comments: KW 338. Mong. sur 'archer's target' is being confused with sur(an) 'leather belt, strap' (borrowed from Turkic, see ...) and sometimes glossed as 'archer's target made of leather straps' - most probably a result of folk etymology.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sori
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 fight, battle 2 victim 3 to shoot arrows into each other
Russian meaning: 1 драка, битва 2 жертва 3 стрелять друг в друга из лука
Literary Manchu: sori- 3, sori 2
Jurchen: sori (455) 1
Ulcha: sorị 1
Orok: sorị(n) ́
Nanai: sorị̃ 1
Oroch: sōri
Comments: ТМС 2, 113.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *sàră-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to capture
Russian meaning: брать в плен
Modern Korean: saro-čap-
Middle Korean: sàră-čàp- ("to take captive")
Comments: Nam 283, KED 872.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *satu-i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: success in hunting
Russian meaning: удача на охоте
Old Japanese: sati
Middle Japanese: sati
Tokyo: sáchi
Kyoto: sáchì
Kagoshima: sáchi
Comments: JLTT 519. Accent is not quite clear: Kyoto and Kagoshima point to *sátùi, but Tokyo is aberrant. For *-u- cf. OJ satu-ja 'hunting arrow'.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *sVrV ( ~ c`-, š-)
Meaning: fight, booty
Indo-European: *ser- (2423?)
Altaic: *si̯ūra
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *ser-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to hurry, to flow, to attack
Old Indian: sísarti, sárati, fut. sariṣyáti, ptc. sr̥tá- `to run, flow, speed, glide, move'; sirā́ f. `stream, water', sarít f. `river, stream', sarirá- n. `heaving sea, flood', salilá- `flowing, surging, unsteady', sasrá- `flowing, streaming'; sárma- m. `going, running, flowing', sará- `fluid, liquid; going, moving'
Old Greek: hormǟ́ `Anlauf, Angriff, Ansturm, Aufbruch, Streben'
Baltic: *sir̂- (1) vb. tr./intr.
Celtic: *serw- > MIr serb `Raub, Frevel'; Cymr herw `Landstreicherei, Räuberei'
Russ. meaning: бежать, течь, нападать
References: WP II 497 f
Comments: [Probably two roots]
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *sir̂- (1) vb. tr./intr.
Meaning: clench
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: sìrti (sī̃ra, sìrō) 'umkreisen, umfassen, umgeben'
Lettish: sir̃t (sir̨u, sīru) `kriegerische Streif-, Raubzüge machen; verheeren; umherschwärmen; besuchen, schmarotzen', sir̨a 'Umherstreifender, Bettler'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1695
Root: ser-1
English meaning: to flow
German meaning: `strömen, sich rasch und heftig bewegen'
Derivatives: sero-m `Flüssigkeit'; ser-mo- `Fluß'; sorā ds.
Material: Ai. sísarti, sárati `fließt, eilt, jagt wornach, verfolgt'; fut. sariṣyáti, Desiderativ sisīrṣati von einer schweren Basis *serǝ-, vgl. hom. ῥώομαι `bewege mich schnell, kräftig, stürme an, eile' aus *srō-i̯ō; ein Wurzelnomen *sr̥ǝ, dazu ai. *sī́r, *sĭráḥ, ist die Grundlage des ā-St. ai. sirā́ und sīrā́ `Rinnsal, Strom'; ai. sarít f. `Bach, Fluß', saraṇa- `laufend', sa-sr-á- `strömend', sá-sr-i- `laufend, eilend'; saráyu-, sarayū- m. `Name eines Flusses', ар. Haraiva-, av. (Akk.)Harōyūm, np. Harē `Fluß und Gegend von Herāt';

    ai. sárma- m. `das Fließen', gr. ὁρμή `Anlauf, Angriff, Drang nach etwas', wovon ὁρμάω `treibe an, rege an', intr. `stürme daher, worauf los'; dazu ὅρμενον `Salbei' als `die Anreizende', s. Strömberg, Gr. Pflanzennamen 93; αἱρέω `ergreife' statt *αἵρω (*seri̯ō) durch Einfluß vonἀγρέω ds.;

    ai. sará- `flüssig', sarā́ `Fluß, Bach', gr. ὀρός, lat. serum `der wässerige Teil der geronnenen Milch, Molke'; vielleicht alb. gjizë (*ser-di̯ā) `gelabte Milch, Käse';

    thrak. ON Germi-sera `Warmwasser', FlN Σέρμιος; frz. la Sermane (*Sermanna), oberital. Sermenza (*Sermentia), ven. ON Sirmiō (*Sermiō), pannon. ON Sirmium, poln. (ven.) ON Śrem (*Sermo-); illyr. FlN Sarnus (Kampanien); gall. (ven.-illyr.) FlN Sara (*Se), Sarāvus `die Saar'; Sar- bildet viele FlN in der Lombardei, Schweiz und Frankreich, auch Appellativa (Mantua sariöl `Bach' usw.); cymr. FlN Sôr (*Sorā); sor- auch in den FlN apr. Sar-ape, lit.-poln. Szar-upa, lett. Sarija;

    mir. sirid (*serīti) `durchwandert, sucht heim, plündert, verlangt', Verbalnomen siriud; cymr. herw (*ser-u̯o-) `Landstreicherei', mir. serb `Diebstahl';

    lit. apsirti `umzingeln', lett. sirt `umherschwärmen, Raubzüge machen', sira (vgl. ai. sirā) `Umherstreifer, Bettler'.

References: WP. II 497 f., WH. II 525, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. 1, 7271; dazu sreu- `fließen', nach E. Fraenkel Gl. 32, 33 hierher gr. ῥέθεα `Nasenlöcher, Nase', ῥόθος `Wogenschwall', sowie ῥίς, ῥῑνός `Nase' als `die Triefende'.
Pages: 909-910
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
639412072511
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov