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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŭ́ŕe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sound
Russian meaning: звук
Turkic: *söŕ
Mongolian: *sür- / *sur-
Tungus-Manchu: *sür-
Korean: *sòrắi
Comments: KW 338, Lee 1958, 119. Despite Doerfer's criticism in TMN 3, 296 the comparison seems reliable.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *söŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: word, speech
Russian meaning: слово, речь
Old Turkic: söz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: söz (MK)
Turkish: söz
Tatar: süz
Middle Turkic: söz (AH, IM, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: söz
Uighur: söz
Sary-Yughur: söz
Azerbaidzhan: söz
Turkmen: söz
Khakassian: sös
Shor: sös
Oyrat: sös
Halaj: sez, söz
Yakut: ös
Dolgan: ös
Tuva: sös
Kirghiz: söz
Kazakh: söz
Noghai: söz
Bashkir: hüδ
Balkar: söz
Gagauz: söz
Karaim: söz
Karakalpak: söz
Salar: söz
Kumyk: söz
Comments: EDT 860, VEWT 430, ЭСТЯ 7, Stachowski 200-201. One should also mention PT *sör-ček 'tale, story, fairy tale' (see ЭСТЯ 7).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sür- / *sur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cry out 2 to sound, make noise (of wind)
Russian meaning: 1 выкрикивать 2 звучать, шуметь (о ветре)
Written Mongolian: süre- 2, sura- 1, sürkire- 2 (L 745)
Khalkha: sür, sürxre- 2
Kalmuck: sur- 1, sür 2
Comments: KW 338, 340. The root should be distinguished from WMong. sür 'majesty, militancy' (despite Doerfer TMN 1, 344, who posits a quite improbable semantic development: "imponierendes Aussehen" > "jemandem durch Schreien imponieren").
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to creak, screak 2 to shout, cry
Russian meaning: 1 трещать (от мороза) 2 кричать, орать
Evenki: sirgi- 1
Spoken Manchu: surǝ-, suru- 2 (192)
Literary Manchu: sure- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 95, 131.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *sòrắi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: voice, sound
Russian meaning: голос, звук
Modern Korean: sori
Middle Korean: sòrắi
Comments: Nam 307, KED 972.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *soŕwV ( ~ *š-)
Meaning: to speak
Indo-European: *s(w)er- (Pok. 1049)
Altaic: *si̯uŕe (cf. also *sṓra 2120)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *cɨrvɨt
References: МССНЯ 337; ND 2124 *SUŕV ~ *SoŕE 'to speak, declare' (+ WChad, Eg).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *swer- / *swAr- (Gr h(w)-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to speak, to swear, to curse
Tokharian: A ṣurm, B ṣarm (PT *ṣ(w')ärm) 'motive, cause, origin' (Adams 650); ? A, B ṣärp- 'explain to, inform, indicate' (655)
Old Greek: hermǟnéu̯ō `verdolmetschen, übersetzen; deuten, auslegen, erklären', hermǟnéu̯-s m. `Dolmetscher, Übersetzer; Deuter, Ausleger'
Slavic: *svārītī
Germanic: *swar-a- vb., *swar-ja- vb., *swar-ō- vb.; *swar=, *swōr=
Latin: sermō, -ōnis m. `Wechselrede, Unterhaltung, Gespräch, Vortrag, Umgangssprache, Ausdruck, Geschwätz'; Osk sverruneí `dem Sprecher, Wortführer'
Russ. meaning: речь держать, клясться, проклинать
References: WP II 527
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: сва́ра
Near etymology: "ссора, вражда, перебранка", свари́ться, укр. свар м. "ссора, укор", сва́ра ж. "ссора", свари́тися, др.-русск. сваръ "ссора", сварити "спорить", ст.-слав. сваръ μάχη (Супр.), болг. сва́ра, словен. svȃr "порицание", svaríti, -ím "порицать, увещевать, предостерегать", чеш., слвц. svár "ссора, раздор, распря", польск. swar, swarzyć się, в.-луж. swaŕ, swarić, н.-луж. swar, swariś. Ср. также ссо́ра.
Further etymology: Родственно др.-исл. svara "отвечать", гот. swaran "клясться", д.-в.-н. swerian "клясться, говорить определенно", первонач. "отвечать", оск. sverruneí "говорящему", далее лат. sermo "беседа, разговор", др.-сакс. antswôr ж. "ответ" (ст.-слав. сваръ), англос. andswaru "ответ", нов.-в.-нем. Schwur "клятва"; см. Сольмсен, Unters. gr. Lautl. 206 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 296 и сл.; Торп 549; Младенов 571; Шкарич, ZfslPh 13, 347; Хольтхаузен, Awn. Wb. 290 и сл.; Aengl. Wb. 333.
Pages: 3,569
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *swaran-, *swarjan-, *swarōn vb.; *swar=, *swōr=
Meaning: swear
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: swaran st. `swear'
Old Norse: sverja st. `schwören'; sȫri, svȫri n. `Schwur'; svara wk. `antworten, verteidigen'; svar n. `Antwort; Verteidigung'
Norwegian: sverja vb.; svar; svara vb.
Old Swedish: epsöre `Schwur'; svara vb.
Swedish: svärja vb.; svar
Danish: sverge vb.; svar; svare vb.
Old English: swerian `schwören', andswaru `Antwort'
English: swear, answer
Old Frisian: swera st.
Old Saxon: swerian `schwören'; andswōr `Antwort, Verantwortung'
Middle Dutch: swēren st. `zweren, vloeken'
Dutch: zweren `een eed afleggen'
Middle Low German: swerēn
Old High German: swer(i)en, swerren st. [j-Präs.] (8.Jh.) `schwören'; meinswōrō 'Meineid? wer einen Meineid schwört?' (10.Jh.)
Middle High German: swërn st. 'schwören'; swuor st. m. `Eid, Schwur, gotteslästerliche Rede, Fluch'
German: schwören, Schwur m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1941
Root: su̯er-1 (auch ser-?)
English meaning: to speak
German meaning: `sprechen, reden'
Material: Lat. sermō, -ōnis `Wechselrede, Unterhaltung, Gespräch' (*sermō) ist unklar; osk. sverrunei `dem Sprecher, Wortführer'; got. swaran, swōr `schwören', aisl. sveria, ags. as. swerian, ahd. swerien, swerren ds., aisl. sø̄ri Nom. Pl. `Schwur, Eid', mhd. swuor `Schwur', aisl. svara `anworten, Bürgschaft leisten', svǫr Pl. `Antwort', and-svar `gerichtliche Entscheidung', ags. and-swaru `Antwort', as. ant-swōr `Antwort, Verantwortung'; aksl. svarъ `Zank' (Hin- und Widerrede), svarъ `Kampf', svariti `schmähen, bekämpfen'; russ. ssóra `Zank' aus *sъsora?

    *su̯er- `sprechen, reden' ist vielleicht (aber nicht sicher) eine Anwendung von su̯er- `surren' auf artikuliertes Sprechen.

References: WP. II 527, WH. II 521 f., Trautmann 296 f., Vasmer 2, 712.
Pages: 1049
PIE database: PIE database
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