Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ùŋe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hoar-frost
Russian meaning: иней
Turkic: *seŋ
Mongolian: *söŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *süŋü-
Korean: *sǝ́ŋ- / *sǝ́n- / *sán-
Japanese: *sùnsù-
Comments: KW 333, SKE 234, АПиПЯЯ 81. The vowel in Turkic is unclear. Cf. also Old Koguryo *ṣäñäli 'zephyr' (see Miller 1979, 7). The Kor. and Jpn. form reflect a derived form *si̯ùŋ(e)ĺV.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *seŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: frazil
Russian meaning: шуга, ледяное сало
Middle Turkic: seŋ (B)
Uzbek: säŋ (dial.)
Turkmen: seŋ (dial.)
Chuvash: san
Kazakh: seŋ
Noghai: seŋ
Karakalpak: seŋ
Comments: VEWT 410 (without Chuv.; the Kypch. forms may be borrowed from Mong.), ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *söŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: frazil, small floating pieces of ice
Russian meaning: шуга
Written Mongolian: söŋ (L 731)
Khalkha: sön
Buriat: hüŋ
Kalmuck: söŋ
Ordos: söŋ
Comments: KW 333.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *süŋü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 frost, hoar-frost, snow grains 2 cold
Russian meaning: 1 иней, крупинки снега 2 холод
Evenki: siŋi-kse 1
Even: hīŋъ-lgъn 1
Literary Manchu: su(ŋ)- 'to be covered by frost'
Jurchen: siuŋ-hun (91) 2
Nanai: suŋgu 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 90-91.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *sǝ́ŋ- / *sǝ́n-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be chilly
Russian meaning: быть холодным, прохладным
Modern Korean: siŋgǝŋ siŋgǝŋ ha-, sǝnɨr-ha-, sanɨr-ha-
Middle Korean: sǝ́nằr-hă-, sánăr-hă-
Comments: Nam 282, 299, KED 869, 935, 1065.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *sùnsù-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cool
Russian meaning: прохладный
Old Japanese: suzu-si
Middle Japanese: sùzù-si
Tokyo: suzushí-
Kyoto: súzúshì-
Kagoshima: suzushí-
Comments: JLTT 841.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *šingV
Meaning: snow
Indo-European: *sneigʷh-
Altaic: *si̯uŋe
Uralic: *šüŋe (Itkonen FUF 30, 48-49)
Dravidian: *ciṇ- (*č-)
References: МССНЯ 366; ND 2161 *šüŋU 'snow'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *sneigʷhe-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: snow, to snow
Tokharian: B śiñcatstse 'snowy' (Adams 629)
Avestan: snaēženti (ayąn) `an einem schneienden Tage', conj. snaēžāt_ `wird schneien'
Old Greek: hom. acc. níph-a `fallender Schnee'; hom. agá-nnipho- `sehr beschneit'; niphetó-s m. `fallender Schnee, Schneesturm'; niphás, -ádos f. `Schneeflocke, -gestöber'; néi̯phei̯, aor. nêi̯psai̯, neiphthē̂nai̯, ft. néi̯psei̯ `es schneit'
Slavic: *snēgъ D; *snēgulja, *snēžīcā, *snēgyrь (разные птицы)
Baltic: *sneĩg-a- c., *sneĩg-u- sb., *snig-teî (prs. sneĩg=) vb., *snaig-[a]- m.
Germanic: *snī(g)w-a- vb.; *snai(g)w-a- m.
Latin: nix, gen. nivis f. `Schnee'; nīvit, -ere `schneien', ninguit, nīnxit, -ere `schneien'
Celtic: *snig-, *snixt- > Ir snigid `es tropft, regnet', snige `Tropfen, Regen', snechta `Schnee'; Cymr nyf `Schnee', nyfio `schneien'
Russ. meaning: снег; идти (о снеге)
References: WP II 695
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: снег,
Near etymology: род. п. -а, укр. снiг, др.-русск., ст.-слав. снѣгъ χιών, χειμών (Супр.), болг. сняг (Младенов 597), сербохорв. сни̏jег, местн. ед. сниjѐгу, словен. snẹ̑g, род. п. snẹgȃ, чеш. sníh, слвц. sneh, польск. śnieg, в.-луж. sněh, н.-луж. sněg, полаб. snẹg.
Further etymology: Родственно др.-прусск. snaygis "снег", лит. sniẽgas -- то же, snaĩgala "снежинка", лтш. snìegs "снег", гот. snaiws -- то же, греч. νείφει "идет снег", лат. nīvit, д.-в.-н. snîwit, лит. sniẽga, авест. snaēžaiti -- то же, наряду с лит. snìgti, sniñgа "идет снег", лтш. snigt, лат. ninguit "идет снег", niх, род. п. nivis "снег", греч. νίφα, вин. ед. "снег", νιφάδες "хлопья снега", др.-ирл. snigid "идет дождь, снег", др.-инд. sníhyati "мокнет, становится клейким, прилипает, ощущает склонность", прич. snigdhás, кауз. snēháyati; см. Траутман, ВSW 272 и сл.; М.--Э. 3, 976, 978; Мейе--Вайан 29, 140; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 348 и сл.; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 85; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 169 и сл.; Гофман, Gr. Wb. 218 и сл.; Торп 522.
Trubachev's comments: [См. еще специально Гонда, KZ, 72, 1955, стр. 228 и сл.; Бенвенист, Μνήμης χάριν, I, Вена, 1956, стр. 31 и сл. -- Т.]
Pages: 3,697
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *sneĩg-a- c., *sneĩg-u- sb., *snig-teî (prs. sneĩg=) vb., *snaig-[a]- m.
Meaning: snow
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: sniẽga-s 2>4 `Schnee', dial. sniegù-s `id.'; snìgti, sniẽga/sniñga/sniẽga `schneien, fallen (vom Schnee)'; sniẽgena, dial. sniẽgana 'Gimpel (Pyrrhula pyrrhula); Dompfaffe (Loxia pyrrhula); Wacholderdrossel, Krammetsvogel'
Lettish: snìegs (pl. snìegi) `Schnee'; snigt (snìeg/snìg/snigst, sniga) `schneien'; sniẽdze, snìedze 'Schneeammer, Dompfaffe, Blaumaise'
Old Prussian: snaygis `Schnee'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *snī(g)wan- vb.; *snai(g)wa-z
Meaning: snow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: snaiw-s m. `Schnee'
Old Norse: snǟ-r, snjā-r, snjō-r m. `Schnee'; snǖr `es schneit', ptc. snivin-n `beschneit'; NIsl snjōfa vb.
Norwegian: snjo, dial. snjö, snö; snjoa, snjöva vb.
Old Swedish: snio, snior, sniö
Swedish: snö; dial. snjoga vb.
Old Danish: snio, sniö, snö
Danish: sne
Old English: snāw, -es m. `snow'; snīwan (-de) `to snow'
English: snow
Old Saxon: snēo
Middle Dutch: snee; snūwen, snouwen, snïen
Dutch: sneeuw f., dial. snee f.
Old Franconian: snēo
Middle Low German: snē; snī(g)en
Old High German: snēo, gen. snēwes `Schnee' (8.Jh.); snīwan `schneien'
Middle High German: snē (-w-) st. m. 'schnee'; snīwen, snīen st./wk. 'schneien, wie schnee fallen'
German: Schnee m.; schneien
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1805
Root: sneigʷh-
English meaning: to snow; snow
German meaning: `schneien, (sich) zusammen ballen'
Derivatives: snigʷh-, snoigʷho-s `Schnee'
Material: Präkrit. siṇeha- (= ai. snēha-) `Schnee'; av. snaēža- `schneien', pamir. šugni žǝnij `Schnee', (*snaiga-); gr. νίφα Akk. `Schnee', hom. ἀγάννιφος `sehr beschneit', νείφει (νί̄φει) `es schneit', νιφάς `Schneeflocke' (νιφετός `Schneegestöber'), lat. nix, nivis `Schnee', nivit `es schneit' (wohl ī); Nasal-präs. ninguit (ninxit) ds.;

    ir. snigid `es tropft, regnet', snige n. `Tropfen, Fließen', snecht(a)e `Schnee' (zum t-Formans vgl. νιφετός); cymr. nyf `Schnee', nyfio `schneien';

    ahd. ags. snīwan `schneien' (st. V., Partiz. gi-snigan, vgl. noch nhd. bair. Partiz. geschniwen; sonst nhd. schw. V.), aisl. snýr `es schneit' (Partiz. snifinn `verschneit'); got. snaiws `Schnee' = ags. snāw, ahd. snēo (Gen. snēwes);

    lit. sniẽgas, lett. snìegs (Vokal vom Verb übernommen) `Schnee', snaĩgala `Schneeflocke', sniẽga `es schneit', Inf. snìgti, apr. snaygis `Schnee', aksl. sněgъ `Schnee'.

References: WP. II 695, WH. II 169 f., Trautmann 272 f., Vasmer 2, 680, R. L. Turner BSOAS 18, 449 f.; vgl. ai. sníhyati `wird feucht, heftet sich', snēha- m. `Klebrigkeit, Öl, Fett'.
Pages: 974
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *ciṇ- (*č-)
Meaning : to drop, drizzle
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *ǯiṇ-
Proto-Telugu : *cin-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *Sin-k-
Notes : Kannada has *ǯ- maybe by contamination with similar *ǯ-roots.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *ǯiṇ-
Meaning : to drizzle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ciṇukku (ciṇukki-)
Tamil meaning : to yield in small quantities, ooze, issue in drops, drizzle
Tamil derivates : ciṇukku-cciṇukk-en_al onom. expr. of issuing in drops; ciṇuŋku (ciṇuŋki-) to drizzle
Malayalam : cinaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to rain slightly, drizzle
Kannada : jinugu, jinuŋgu
Kannada meaning : to drizzle; n. drizzling rain
Kannada derivates : jinigisu to liquefy; (Nanj.) sinku (n, not ŋ) to drizzle
Number in DED : 2520
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *cin-
Meaning : a drop, a thin or drizzling rain, drizzle, sprinkle of rain; vb. to fall in drops
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : cinuku
Number in DED : 2520
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *Sin-k-
Meaning : to drip, drop
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : cinkip- (cinkit-) "(S) to drip"
Kondekor Gadba : sinkul "raindrops"
Number in DED : 2520
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
1682902056542
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov