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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯óga
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: back, back skin
Russian meaning: спина, кожа на спине
Turkic: *sagrɨ
Mongolian: *sajir / *saɣari
Tungus-Manchu: *sogda-nsa
Korean: *hǝ̀-
Japanese: *sá- / *sǝ́-
Comments: KW 319, Дыбо 306, TMN 3, 225 (doubting the common origin of the Turk. and Mong. forms). Kor. hǝri was originally attributed (see PKE 54, Martin 245, АПиПЯЯ 76, 289) to PA *k`éĺe; it seems, however, that the root is just *hǝ-, and it is better to derive it from *si̯óga, both for this reason and because of an apparent lack of development *k`- > h- in Korean.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sagrɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 croup skin, shagreen 2 back of horse
Russian meaning: 1 кожа с крупа, шагрень 2 круп лошади
Karakhanid: saɣrɨ 1 (MK)
Turkish: sārɨ, saɣrɨ 1, 2
Tatar: sawrɨ 2
Middle Turkic: saɣrɨ (AH, IM) 2, saɣri (Pav. C.) 1, 2
Uzbek: saɣri 1, 2
Uighur: saɣra 1, 2
Sary-Yughur: saɣɨr
Azerbaidzhan: saɣrɨ 2
Turkmen: saGrɨ 1, 2
Oyrat: sūru, sūrɨ
Chuvash: sъran 'worked leather of bovines'
Kirghiz: sōru 1, 2
Kazakh: sawɨr 2
Noghai: sawɨr 2
Bashkir: hawɨr
Karakalpak: sawrɨ 2, sawɨr 1
Kumyk: savru, sawurɨ 2
Comments: EDT 815, VEWT 393, Лексика 385-386, Дыбо 119, Федотов 2, 30 (but with another etymology), ЭСТЯ 7. Bulg. *suran is the probable source of Tat. suran and Mong. sur(an) 'leather strap' - whence Manchu sur 'strap'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sajir / *saɣari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shagreen, callus 2 back
Russian meaning: 1 мозоль, слезающая кожа 2 спина
Written Mongolian: sajir, saɣari(n) 1 (L 657, 660)
Middle Mongolian: sa'ari 1,2 (SH), sārī 'Ein Leder aus der Haut des Hinterteils eines Pferdes oder Esels' (LH)
Khalkha: sajr 1
Kalmuck: sǟr 'verschiedene Hautstücke'
Baoan: sirǝG
Dagur: sār
Shary-Yoghur: sār
Monguor: sari 'peau à poils courts, fourrure' (SM 328)
Mogol: sairin 'thick skin' (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 319, MGCD 588. Mong. > Man. sarin, see Doerfer MT 136, Rozycki 175; cf. Аникин 487.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sogda-nsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back
Russian meaning: спина
Evenki: sogdonno
Udighe: sogdühö
Solon: čogdonó (Ивановский)
Comments: ТМС 2, 103.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *hǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 waist 2 shagreen, skin (of snake etc.)
Russian meaning: 1 поясница 2 сброшенная кожа, кожа (змеи etc.)
Modern Korean: hǝri, hǝ-guri 1, hǝmul 2
Middle Korean: hǝ̀rí 1, hǝ̀ŋ'ùr 2
Comments: Nam 484, 486, KED 1821.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sá- / *sǝ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back
Russian meaning: спина
Old Japanese: se (so-)
Middle Japanese: sé
Tokyo: sé
Kyoto: sē̂
Kagoshima: sé
Comments: JLTT 521. High tone in Tokyo is irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sVgV
Meaning: skin on back ?
Altaic: *si̯óga 'skin on back'
Uralic: *sajV 'skin on snow shoe' ?
Comments: Cf. *zwVrgV, *śVKV.
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-notes,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 880
Proto: *sajV(-kV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: snow shoe, ski
German meaning: Schneeschuh; Schneeschuh od. Ski laufen
Saam (Lapp): čuoi'gâ- -ig- (N) 'ski', tjuoi'ka- (L) 'Ski fahren, Ski laufen', t́š́ì̮ī̯gka̮- (T), t́š́ùi̯gkα- (Kld.), t́š́ŭŏī̯gk̄α- 'Schneeschuh laufen, Ski laufen'
Mansi (Vogul): taj- (T), tajelaχt-, tajlākt- (P), toj- (N) 'Schneeschuhe laufen'
Nenets (Yurak): taje (Sjo.), tad́eʔ (Lj.) 'Sohlenleder des Skis'
Selkup: takeš, tāŋe̮š (Ta.), take̮š, tai̮še ~ tais (Ty.), taŋi̮s, -i̮š 'Schneeschuh'
Kamass: tejme 'Schneeschuh (unten mit Fell versehen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-man,uralet-nen,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,

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