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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sípa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: clay, to smear
Russian meaning: глина, мазать
Turkic: *sɨba-
Mongolian: *siba-
Tungus-Manchu: *siba-
Japanese: *sápá
Comments: KW 352, Poppe 30, 46. Correspondences are quite regular, and there is hardly any need in assuming (despite Poppe 1966, 198, Doerfer MT 123) Tung. < Mong. However, Mong. may be borrowed from Turkic (see Щербак 1997, 148-150), in which case a reconstruction *síba is also possible.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sɨba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smear
Russian meaning: мазать
Old Turkic: suva- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: suva-, suval-, suvaš- (MK)
Turkish: sɨva-
Middle Turkic: suwa- (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: suwa-
Uighur: suwa-
Azerbaidzhan: sua- (dial.)
Turkmen: suwa-
Halaj: sɨva-
Gagauz: suwa-
Salar: suva-, sova-
Comments: EDT 785, 789, 793, VEWT 414, ЭСТЯ 7. Cf. also the toponym Sɨvaš. The root is somewhat confused with *sɨba- 'to water, irrigate' (a derivative of *sɨb 'water' q. v. sub *si̯uba), but they should be certainly kept distinct.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-gagx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *siba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to smear (with clay) 2 clay
Russian meaning: 1 мазать (глиной) 2 глина
Written Mongolian: siba- 1; sibar 2 (L 693, 694)
Middle Mongolian: šibar (HY 3, SH), šibar (IM), šibar (MA) 2
Khalkha: šava- 1, šavar 2
Buriat: šaba- 1, šabar 2
Kalmuck: šaw- 1, šawr 2
Ordos: šawa- 1, šawar 2
Dongxian: šuva- 1, šuva 2
Baoan: šbar, hbar 2
Dagur: šawar (Тод. Даг. 182), šaure (MD 214), šaur 2
Shary-Yoghur: šǝbar 2
Monguor: šawar (SM 369), šǝura 2
Mogol: ZM šǝbǝ- (5-1b)
Comments: KW 352, 353, MGCD 701, 722. Mong. > Kirgh. sabɨr 'dirt'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *siba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to smear (with clay) 2 bog, marsh 3 to poultice
Russian meaning: 1 мазать (глиной) 2 топь, болото 3 класть припарки
Evenki: siwa- 1
Even: hịwtaɣ 2
Literary Manchu: šabarGan gida- 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 74. Cf. also Oroch sibiki- 'to scrape, plane' (?).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sápa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bog, marsh 2 to dip; to smear with lacquer
Russian meaning: 1 болото 2 окунать; мазать лаком
Old Japanese: safa 1
Middle Japanese: sáfá 1, safa-s- 2
Tokyo: sawá 1, sawas- 2
Kyoto: sáwà 1
Kagoshima: sáwa 1
Comments: JLTT 520, 748. Modern dialects point unanimously to *sápà, but RJ shows high tone in the 2d syllable.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *[s]iwV
Meaning: smear
Altaic: *sípa
Uralic: *śawe (+ *śojwa 985)
Kartvelian: *sw-
Comments: Expected back vowel in Alt.
References: МССНЯ 348. (2 roots? : for FU *śojwa cf. ND 2011 *śah[i]bV?); ND 2013 *śab[ʔ]V 'clay' (+ Chad., Cush.?); 2138 *śiw[ʡ]a ~ *śiwGa 'to smear (with clay)' (Kartv., Alt. + dub. SH).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 955
Proto: *śawe
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: clay
German meaning: Ton, Lehm
Finnish: savi (gen. saven) 'Ton, Lehm' ( > Saam. L savi, Kld. šåvv, Not. savv)
Estonian: sau (gen. saue, saua), dial. savi (gen. save)
Mordovian: śovoń (E M)
Mari (Cheremis): šun (KB B)
Komi (Zyrian): śun (S) 'blauer Lehm', śun-śoj (Le.) 'schwarzer Lehm'
Khanty (Ostyak): săɣi̮ (V), săwǝ (Kr.), sŏwĭ (Kaz.) 'Ton (V), Stelle mit Schlamm, fester Ton'
Mansi (Vogul): sowĺ (TJ) 'Erde', sūĺ (KU) 'Lehm', soĺ (T), sōĺ (LM), śuĺ (N) 'Lehm'
Nenets (Yurak): (saed 'Lehm' - rejected by Redei)
Nganasan (Tawgi): (sátu 'Ton' - rejected by Redei)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-nen,uralet-nga,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *sw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: проводить рукой, мазать
English meaning: to pass over with the hand, to smear
Georgian: sv-, sv-am- / sm-
Megrel: s(v)-, sum-
Laz: s(v)-, sum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 163, EWK 297-298. Ср. алт. *siba 'мазать, глина', урал. *śɨwa / *śawe 'глина' (МССHЯ 348).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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