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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *siŋra
Meaning: double bone (of animals)
Russian meaning: двойная кость (животных)
Turkic: *sɨŋɨr-
Mongolian: *siɣira
Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Comments: EAS 120, Дыбо 313-314, Лексика 287. A Western isogloss, but cf. *sìŋù: the form may be an archaic derivative.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sɨŋɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 double shin bone
Russian meaning: 1 кости голени 2 парное копыто
Turkish: sɨrnak (dial.) 2
Tatar: sɨjraq 2, (КСТТ) sɨrɨsxan 1
Middle Turkic: saŋraq (Pav. C.), sɨɣraq (AH) 2
Azerbaidzhan: sɨŋɨr (dial.) 1
Turkmen: sɨŋraq, sɨrnaq 2
Khakassian: sɨrsax 1
Yakut: ɨ̄rāx 2
Tuva: sār 'верх ступни', sɨrɨ 'копыто', sɨ̄rɣaq 2
Kirghiz: sɨjra 'пятка'
Kazakh: sɨjraq 2
Noghai: sɨjraq 2
Bashkir: sɨraq 2
Karaim: sɨrča 'бедро'
Karakalpak: sɨjraq 2
Kumyk: sɨjraq 2
Comments: EDT 803, ЭСТЯ 7, Лексика 147-148, 287. In some languages the reflex may have merged with *sɨdɨr-gak (v. sub *si̯udu).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *siɣira
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: double bone (of animals)
Russian meaning: двойная кость, бедро (животных)
Written Mongolian: sigira, sigere (L 702)
Middle Mongolian: šijira 'hoof' (SH)
Khalkha: šijr
Buriat: šīre
Kalmuck: šīrǝ
Ordos: šīra
Dongxian: šǝGara 'foot' (Тод. Дн.)
Dagur: širem
Shary-Yoghur: šīra
Monguor: śirā (SM 397)
Comments: KW 363, MGCD 713.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 elbow bone 2 shin bone
Russian meaning: 1 локтевая кость 2 берцовая кость
Evenki: sirēk, sirēkē 1
Even: hirъmtъ 1
Negidal: sijimte 1
Literary Manchu: sira 2
Orok: simuse 'calf of leg'
Nanai: sireme 1
Oroch: simikte 'shoulder bone'
Udighe: simikta, simukta 1
Solon: š́irmū 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 94, 97.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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