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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯ằjrí
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nit, louse
Russian meaning: гнида, вошь
Turkic: *sirke
Mongolian: *sirke
Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Korean: *hjǝ̀
Japanese: *sìrám(u)i
Comments: KW 360, АПиПЯЯ 73, 83, 87, 276 (confused with the reflexes of *si̯uru q. v.), Лексика 182, Whitman 1985, 168. In Turkic a secondary narrowing (*sirke < *serke or *si̯arke) occurred. Mong. may be < Turkic. In Kor. we have to suppose *si̯àjri > *hjǝ̀ (with tone modified because of contraction).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sirke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nit
Russian meaning: гнида
Karakhanid: sirke (MK)
Turkish: sirke
Tatar: sĭrkɛ
Middle Turkic: sirke (IM)
Uzbek: sĭrkɛ
Uighur: sĭ(r)kä
Azerbaidzhan: sirkä
Turkmen: sirke
Khakassian: sĭrge
Oyrat: sirke
Halaj: sirkä
Chuvash: šъrga
Tuva: sirge
Tofalar: si'rxe
Kirghiz: sirke
Kazakh: sĭrke
Noghai: sirke
Bashkir: hĭrkä
Balkar: sirke
Gagauz: sirkä
Karaim: sirke
Karakalpak: sirke
Kumyk: sirke
Comments: VEWT 423, EDT 850, Лексика 182, ЭСТЯ 7. Turk. > Hung. serke, see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 523-524.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sirke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: louse (of animals)
Russian meaning: вошь (на животных)
Written Mongolian: sirke (L 718: "a k. of flea")
Middle Mongolian: sǝrke 'nit' (MA 323)
Khalkha: širx
Buriat: šerxe
Kalmuck: širkǝ
Ordos: širχe
Comments: KW 360.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 louse 2 helminth 3 worm
Russian meaning: 1 вошь 2 глист 3 червь
Evenki: sirikte 2
Negidal: sekki 3
Ulcha: sịlma 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 85, 95, 138.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *hjǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nit
Russian meaning: гнида
Modern Korean: sǝkhä
Middle Korean: hjǝ̀
Comments: Nam 488, KED 939. Modern sǝkhä is a dialectal form < *hjǝ-kai.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sìrám(u)í
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: louse
Russian meaning: вошь
Old Japanese: siram(j)i
Middle Japanese: sìrámí
Tokyo: shìrami
Kyoto: sìràmí
Kagoshima: sìràmí
Nase: šijan
Shuri: širaN
Comments: JLTT 525.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sajrV
Meaning: nit, louse
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *si̯ằjrí
Uralic: *śajOrV
Dravidian: *sīr
References: МССНЯ 336 (+ variants with -k); ND 2115 *ś/ŝaywVrV 'nit'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1600
Proto: *śajOrV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: nits
German meaning: Nisse
Finnish: saivar (gen. saivaren, saivarin), dial. saivara 'Nisse' ( > Est. saevar; Saam. N sa͕j̆vviɛ̆R)
Estonian: saere (gen. saere, saerde), saeras (gen. saera)
Saam (Lapp): čiwros -w'rus- (N) 'the young of lice, young lice', tjiurōs (L) 'junge Läuse; Nisse; Lauseier', čuivres (T), čivrės (Kld.), čevres (Not.)
Mordovian: śarko (E), śaRka (M) 'Nisse'
Mari (Cheremis): šarkeńǝ (KB), šarkeńće (U) 'Lausei', šorkencǝ (JU), šarkince (B) 'Nisse'
Udmurt (Votyak): śerel (S G), śerer (J M Uf.)
Komi (Zyrian): śeral (S), śerol (Lu.), śerov (V), śere̮.v (P), śe.røl (PO)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *śīr
Meaning : nit
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *śīr
Proto-Telugu : *īr-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *sīr (*c-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *sīr
Proto-North Dravidian : *cīr
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *śīr
Meaning : nit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : īr, īrppi
Tamil meaning : nit
Malayalam : īr
Malayalam meaning : nit
Malayalam derivates : īruka to comb hair
Kannada : īr, īpi, sīr
Kannada meaning : nit
Kannada derivates : īr to comb out nits; īr-aṇige, sīr-aṇige comb for nits or lice; (Hav.) ciguru nit
Kodagu : cīrɨ
Kodagu meaning : nit
Tulu : tīrụ, (BRR) cīrụ, sīrụ
Tulu meaning : nit
Tulu derivates : tiruvaṇa nit-pick
Proto-Nilgiri : *cīr
Irula : īrugoli
Irula meaning : a wooden instrument to remove lice from head hair
Notes : Ir. 115.
Number in DED : 2625
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-iru,sdret-irumean,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *cīr
Meaning : nit
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : cīr
Toda : tīr
Number in DED : 2625
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *īr-
Meaning : nit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : īru
Dialectal forms (1) : īpi
Additional forms : Also [1] īrcu, [2] īrucu to comb out nits; īr(u) pena comb for removing nits
Number in DED : 2625
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *sīr (*c-)
Meaning : nit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : sīr
Naikri : śīr
Naiki : sīrku "(pl.) nits"
Number in DED : 2625
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *sīr
Meaning : nit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *sīr
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *sīr
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *sīr-u
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *sīr
Meaning : nit; louse
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : sīṛ "louse"
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : sīr (pl. -k) "nit"
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : sīr (pl. -k) "nit"
Muria Gondi : hīṛ "nit"
Seoni Gondi : hīr, īr "nit"
Chindwara Gondi : sīr (pl. -k) "nit"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_W, Gondi_Ph cirnī comb for removing nits
Notes : The word for 'comb' is probably borrowed from SDR.
Number in DED : 2625
Number in CVOTGD : 3422, 1325
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ch,gonet-addition,gonet-notes,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *sīr
Meaning : nit
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : hīr (pl. -ku)
Manda : hīr (pl. -ke)
Number in DED : 2625
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *sīr-u
Meaning : nit; comb
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : sīreni, sīreṛi "comb"
Kuwi (Schulze) : hīru "nit"
Sunkarametta Kuwi : hīru (pl. hīrka) "nit"
Parja Kuwi : hīru (pl. hīrka) "nit"
Number in DED : 2625
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_p,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *cīr
Meaning : nit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : cīr
Number in DED : 2625
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVRV
Meaning : nit, louse
Eurasiatic : *sajrV ( ~ *ś-)
Afroasiatic : WChad. *sVr- 'louse'
Sino-Caucasian : *šǟ́rɨ̄ (~ -ū)
Reference : МССНЯ 336 (+ variants with -k); ND 2115.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *šǟ́rɨ̄ (~ -ū)
Meaning: nit, louse
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *š_ǟrɨ̄ (~ -ū)
Sino-Tibetan: *śar
Burushaski: *ṣíri
Basque: *sor̄i
Comments and references : Cf. also PNC *š_ǟr(V)-kV = PST *srĭk 1525. NSC 62 *šErV, WFR 8.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *š_ǟrɨ̄ (~ -ū)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: worm
Proto-Nakh: *šāri (~ -e)
Proto-Lak: š:ira
Proto-Dargwa: *širV (~ š:-)
Proto-Lezghian: *š:ar
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular (in PL we have -a- instead of *-ä- after a hushing fricative; ä does not occur in this position).

    Some languages reflect also a stem like *š_ǟr(V)-kV (probably with an old expressive diminutive): cf. God. š:irḱa 'helminth', PD *šulerk ( < *šVrk-Vl with further suffixation?) > Ak., Tsud., Ur. šulerk, Sirg. šulk, Muir. šulelk id.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *šāri (~ -e)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: earwig
Chechen: šēra, šār-olg
Comments: Attested only in Chech., but having probable external parallels.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: š:ira
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ascarid
Lak form: š:ira
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *širV (~ š:-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: worm, helminth
Akusha: širi (Kait.)
Comments: Cf. also Kub. šiwaIj id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *š:ar
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: worm, helminth
Lezghian: šar
Tabasaran: šar
Agul: šar
Rutul: šar-aḳ (Khniukh)
Kryz: šer-bäħ
Comment: Cf. also Tab. Ulz., Khan. š:ar, Ag. Burk. š:ar. 3d class in Rut. and Kryz. Oblique base *š:arɨ- (cf. Ag. šaru-, Tab. šara-).
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-krz,lezget-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *śar
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: louse
Burmese: sanh louse, LB *śanx.
Kiranti: *sèr
Comments: Kham śàr; Rgyarung sar, Karen *hsVn. Ben. 53.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-burm,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *sèr
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: louse
Tulung: ser
Kaling: ser
Limbu: si
Dumi: sēr
Kulung: si
Comments: Toba 92 *ser.
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-tul,kiret-kal,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-kul,kiret-notes,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: siʔ
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: louse.
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: se:r
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: louse
Nepali: jumrā
Comments: cf. opnɨ vt-3 (2).
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,dumet-comments,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: si
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: louse
Nepali: jumrā.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ṣíri
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: locust
Hunza: ṣíri
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *sor̄i
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 louse 2 tick
Bizkaian: zorri 1, lapa-zorri 2
Gipuzkoan: zorri 1, lapa-zorri 2
High Navarrese: zorri 1, lapa-zorri 2
Low Navarrese: zorri 1
Salazarese: zorri 1
Lapurdian: zorri 1
Baztanese: zorri 1
Aezkoan: zorri 1
Zuberoan: zorri 1
Roncalese: zorri 1
Comments: Rather surprisingly, there seems to exist no expressive/diminutive form, which would be *xorri /šor̄i/ or *txorri /čor̄i/, depending upon dialect.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-azk,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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