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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sejŋi
Meaning: relative by marriage
Russian meaning: свойственник
Turkic: *siŋil
Tungus-Manchu: *seŋgi
Korean: *sjā'òŋ
Japanese: *sai ( ~ sia)
Comments: KW 328. MKor. also has sjǝ̄'ǝ́r 'bastard' which may be related to the same root. The Jpn. form presupposes a suffixed *sejŋ(i)-gV ( = TM *seŋgi).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *siŋil
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 younger sister 2 younger brother
Russian meaning: 1 младшая сестра 2 младший брат
Old Turkic: siŋil 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: siŋil 1 (MK)
Tatar: sĭŋĭl 1
Middle Turkic: siŋil 1 (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: siŋil 1
Uighur: siŋil 1
Sary-Yughur: sɨŋnɨ 1
Turkmen: siŋli 1 (dial.)
Shor: siŋnim (Chul.) 2
Chuvash: šъll-ъm 2
Kirghiz: siŋdi 1
Kazakh: siŋli 1
Noghai: siŋli 1
Bashkir: hĭŋlĭ 1
Karaim: siŋli 1
Karakalpak: siŋli 1
Salar: siŋil, siŋni, siŋne 1
Comments: EDT 839, Лексика 311, ЭСТЯ 7. The original meaning was probably "younger sister of husband" (still observable in Old Turkic); note also the meaning "younger brother" in Chuv. and in Chul. siŋnim.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *seŋgi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: relative by marriage
Russian meaning: свойственник
Negidal: seŋgi
Jurchen: sei̯ŋ-ŋi-ŋ (328)
Ulcha: seŋgi
Orok: śeŋgi
Nanai: seŋgi (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 138-9 (to be distinguished from 'blood'!).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *sjā'òŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: husband
Russian meaning: муж
Middle Korean: sjā'òŋ
Comments: Nam 297.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sai ( ~ sia)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beloved one
Russian meaning: возлюбленный
Old Japanese: se
Comments: JLTT 521.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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