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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sàjbo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sound
Russian meaning: звук
Turkic: *seb-
Tungus-Manchu: *sabu-da-
Japanese: *sàwàk-
Comments: An expressive and rather insecure root: the Turkic form are late attested and irregular.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *seb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to speak
Russian meaning: говорить
Turkish: söjle-, dial. sövle-
Tatar: süjlä-, dial. sövle-, sevle-
Middle Turkic: söjle- (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: sọjla-, dial. sävlä-
Azerbaidzhan: söjlä-
Turkmen: söjle-
Khakassian: söle-
Oyrat: sǖle-
Chuvash: sujlaš-, sol'a-
Yakut: ülä-
Tuva: sögle-
Kirghiz: söjlö-, süle-
Kazakh: söjle-
Bashkir: hüjlä-
Balkar: söle-
Gagauz: sȫle-
Karakalpak: söjle-
Kumyk: söjle-
Comments: VEWT 429, Федотов 2, 54-55, ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sabu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rustle, sound 2 noise, splash
Russian meaning: 1 шуршать, звучать 2 шум, плеск
Evenki: sawuda- 1
Nanai: saoGī̃ 2
Udighe: safuta- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 52, 65.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sàwàk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sound, make a noise
Russian meaning: звучать, шуметь
Old Japanese: sawak-
Middle Japanese: sàwàk-
Tokyo: sawág-
Kyoto: sáwág-
Kagoshima: sawág-
Comments: JLTT 748. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sVjwV
Meaning: to speak, shout
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *su̯ei- 'свистеть, звучать' (Pok. 1040-1041)
Altaic: *sa[jb]o
Uralic: *śoje
Kartvelian: *c̣w- ?? (see 559)
Comments: Or Alt. *sābV 'sign, word' (844).
References: МССНЯ 337, 342, ОСНЯ 1, 38; ND 2142 *śoyV 'sound' (+ Cush.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 984
Proto: *śoje
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: sound, voice; to sound
German meaning: Ton, Laut, Stimme; tönen, lauten
Finnish: soi- 'klingen, lauten, tönen'; soitta- 'läuten' ( > Saam. N soai'te- 'läuten')
Estonian: sõitle- 'schelten, bedrohen'
Saam (Lapp): čuoggjâ- -j- (N) 'to sound, resound', tjuodja- (L) 'einen Laut vor sich geben, klingen', t́š́u͕o͕'jɛ (Wfs.) 'Laut, Geräusch'
Mari (Cheremis): šakte- (KB), šokte- (U B) 'spielen (Musikinstr.), lauten, tönen, schallen' ?
Khanty (Ostyak): sö̆j (V), sĕj (DN), sĭj (Kaz.) 'Laut, Stimme, Geräusch' ( > Mansi N sij id.)
Mansi (Vogul): so̮j (T K), suj (N P So.), soj (KU) 'Stimme, Ruf, Lärm, Ton, Ruhm'
Hungarian: zaj, veralt. szaj 'Lärm, Geräusch', zaj- (veralt.) 'lärmen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mar,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣w-en
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: видеть, показывать
English meaning: to see, show
Georgian: c̣on
Georgian meaning (Rus.): нравиться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to like
Megrel: c̣on
Megrel meaning (Rus.): нравиться, казаться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to like, to seem
Svan: c̣wen
Laz: c̣on
Laz meaning (Rus.): нравиться, казаться
Laz meaning (Eng.): to like, to seem
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245, EWK 508; xo-c̣w-a без суфф.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVWV
Meaning : to speak, shout
Eurasiatic : *sVjwV ( ~ *ś-)
Afroasiatic : *c̣awaḥ-/*c̣ayaḥ-
Notes : Or Sem. *c̣wy 'to order, command'. Or Alt. *sābV 'sign, word' (844).
Reference : МССНЯ 337, ОСНЯ 1, 38.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *c̣awaḥ-/*c̣ayaḥ-
Meaning: shout, ask
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ṣVw/yVḥ- 'shout, call'
Western Chadic: *c̣VwVḥ-/*c̣VyVḥ- 'ask'
East Chadic: *say- (?)
High East Cushitic: *c̣eh- 'call'
South Cushitic: *ceʔ- (?) 'shout'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,afaset-hec,afaset-scu,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 588
Proto-Semitic: *ṣVw/yVḥ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'shout, call'
Ugaritic: ṣyḥ
Hebrew: ṣwḥ
Syrian Aramaic: ṣwḥ
Arabic: ṣyḥ [-i-]
Tigrai (Tigriñña): č̣ǝwaḥ bälä
Amharic: č̣oḥä
Jibbali: eṣyeḥ
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-uga,semet-hbr,semet-syr,semet-ara,semet-tgy,semet-amh,semet-jib,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *caḥ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'ask'
Warji: cǝɣ- 1 [SkNb]
Kariya: ṣiy 1 [Sk]
Miya: ṣiy 1 [Sk]
Cagu: ṣuw 1 [Sk]
Siri: ṣa 1 [Sk]
Notes: Boghom še 'speak' and Fyer se 'speech' show no traces of a laryngeal and may reflect another AA root.
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-wrj,wchet-kry,wchet-miy,wchet-cag,wchet-sir,wchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *say-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'ask'
Jegu: say [?]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-jeg,

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High East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-High East Cushitic: *c̣eh-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'call'
Burji (Bambala, Dashe): ceeh-
Notes: Bmb c- is an orthographic variant of c̣-. HEC *-ē- is likely to reflect a contraction of *-aya-
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-bmb,hecet-notes,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *ceʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'shout'
Iraqw (Mbulu): tseʔ-
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-irq,

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