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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ŏk`i (-ŕV) ( ~-e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: ox, cow
Russian meaning: бык, корова
Turkic: *öküŕ
Mongolian: *hüker
Tungus-Manchu: *puKur / *puKun
Comments: Владимирцов 322, Poppe 12, 56, ОСНЯ 3, 126-128, Цинциус 1984, 46. Щербак 1997, 131, TMN 1, 539. A Western isogloss. Doerfer MT 67 (following Sinor 1962, Poppe 1966, 198, 1972, 99) would wish Mong. to be borrowed < Turk. and TM < Mong.; phonology, however, speaks plainly against it.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *öküŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ox
Russian meaning: бык, вол
Old Turkic: öküz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: öküz (MK)
Turkish: öküz
Tatar: ugĭz
Middle Turkic: öküz (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: họkiz
Uighur: öküz, höküz
Sary-Yughur: kus
Azerbaidzhan: öküz
Turkmen: ökiz, öküz
Chuvash: vъʷgъʷr
Yakut: oɣus
Dolgan: ogus
Kirghiz: ögüz
Kazakh: ögĭz
Noghai: ögiz
Bashkir: ugĭδ
Balkar: ögüz
Gagauz: jöküz
Karaim: oküz, ögüz
Karakalpak: ögiz
Kumyk: ögüz
Comments: EDT 120, VEWT 370, ЭСТЯ 1, 521-523, Лексика 439, Stachowski 190. Clauson 1959 derives the form from Tokh. B okso (corrected to Tokh. A in EDT); justly refuted by Doerfer TMN 1, 539 because of original *p-. Turk. (Bulg.) > Hung. ökör, see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 23.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *hüker
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ox
Russian meaning: бык
Written Mongolian: üker (L 1003)
Middle Mongolian: xuker (SH), xuger (HY 10), ukär (MA)
Khalkha: üxer
Buriat: üxer
Kalmuck: ükṛ 'cow' (КРС)
Ordos: üker
Dongxian: fugie(r)
Dagur: xukur (Тод. Даг. 179), hukure (MD 166)
Monguor: fugor (SM 104), xukur (Minghe)
Mogol: ükär (Weiers), ZM okär (20-4)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *puKur / *puKun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cow
Russian meaning: корова
Evenki: hukur
Even: höken, hökön
Solon: uxur 'ox' (possibly < Mong.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 341.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVḳV ??
Meaning: cattle
Indo-European: *pek'-u- [if not < NC *bhä̆ƛ̣wĭ]
Altaic: *p`ŏk`i (-ŕV) ( ~-e)
References: МССНЯ 365, ОСНЯ 3, 126-128; ND 1681 *ṗoḲü 'pack, wild cattle'
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pek-u- (IndoIr -k'-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sheep
Old Indian: páśu-, paśú- m., gen. paśváḥ `cattle, domestic or sacrificial animal'
Avestan: pasu- `sheep, goats', pasuka- `Haustier'
Other Iranian: MPers pah 'sheep', Kurd pas 'sheep', Sogd psw 'Haustier', Osset fys, fus `ram, sheep', KhotSak pasa- `sheep, goats', Pashto psǝ́ 'id.'
Baltic: *pek-u n.
Germanic: *fíx-u- n.; *fíx-a- n.; *fáx-az- n.
Latin: pecū, dat. -ū, pl. pecua n. `Vieh (coll.)', pecus, gen. -oris n. `Vieh (coll.); Kleinvieh, Schaf'; pecus, gen. -udis f. `Vieh (einz. Stück)'
Russ. meaning: скот (овца, овцы)
References: WP II 16 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *pek-u n.
Meaning: small cattle
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Lithuanian: pẽku-s '(Klein)vieh
Lithuanian: pẽku-s dial. `(Klein)vieh'
Old Prussian: pecku, peckan acc. `Vieh'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-olith,baltet-lith,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *fíxu; *fíxa-n; *fáxaz
Meaning: cattle
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: fɛhu n. (u) `money. movable goods'
Old Norse: fē n. `Vieh, Besitz, Geld', Run. feu, fea `Name der Rune f'; fǟr n. `Schaf'
Norwegian: fe; fɔr `hilfloser Stümper'
Old Swedish: fār `Schaf'
Swedish: fä `Vieh'; fɔr `Schaf'
Old Danish:
Danish: fɔr `Schaf'
Old English: feoh (fioh), gen. fēos n. `cattle, living animals; tame beasts; property, wealth, money'
English: fee
Old Frisian: fiā n., m. `vee, bezit'
Old Saxon: fehu, fihu, fē n. `vee, bezit'
Middle Dutch: vee n. `vee, stuk vee'
Dutch: vee n.
Old Franconian: fē n. `vee, stuk vee', fiu n. `pecunia'
Middle Low German: vē `Vieh, Besitz',
Old High German: fihu n. `Nutztier, Tier, Besitz' (8.Jh.),
Middle High German: vihe, vëhe st. n. 'tier, vieh'
German: Vieh n.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1465
Root: pek̂-2
English meaning: to fleece; cattle
German meaning: `Wolle oder Haare rupfen, zausen'
Derivatives: pék̂u- n. Gen., pek̂u̯-és `das Geschorene, Wolltier, Schaf', dann `Kleinvieh, Vieh überhaupt'; `Wolle, Fließ, auch Haar'; pok̂o-s `Fließ', pek̂os- ds.; pk̂-t-én- `Kamm'; von hier aus schon idg. ein Verbalstamm pek̂t- gebildet
Material: Ai. páśu-, paśú- n., Gen. paśváḥ; paśú- m. `Vieh'; av. pasu- m. `Vieh' (meist noch `Kleinvieh'), im Kompos. fśū̆-, -fśū̆-, womit ai. kšu-mā́n- `nahrungsreich', puru-kšú ds. (zweimal auch einfaches kśu) als Diss.-Formen für pśu- identisch; = lat. pecū, -ūs n. `Vieh', woneben pecus, -oris n. (formell = gr. τὸ πέκος), pecus, -ŭdis f. ds.; Ableitungen pecūnia `Geld', pecūlium `Handgeld, Taschengeld'; umbr. pequo Pl. n. `pecua'; = got. faíhu `Besitz, Vermögen', aisl. , ags. feoh, as. fehu, ahd. fihu `Vieh'; = lit. pekus, apr. pecku `Vieh' (westidg. Gutt.); got. bi-, ga-faíhon `übervorteilen' sind nach W. Wissmann (Die ältesten Postverbalia 79 ff.) Denominativa von faíhu, und bi-faíh `Betrug' ist Nomen postverbale;

    arm. asr, Gen. asu `Schafwolle, Fließ', asveɫ `wollig' (*pok̂u + r, mit а aus о in offenerAnlautsilbe); gr. πέκω (= lit. pešù), πέκτω (= lat. pectō, ahd. fehtan), πεκτέω `kämme, schere', πέκος n. `Fließ, Wolle', πόκος m.; `Fließ', κτείς, κτενός `Kamm' (aus schwundst. *πκτεν-; lat. pecten);

    alb. pilë `Werkzeug zum Flachskämmen, -hecheln' (*pek̂lā); lat. pectō, -ere, pexī `kämmen', pecten, -inis `Kamm', umbr. petenata `pectinatam'; ahd. as. fehtan, ags. feohtan `fechten'; ahd. as. fahs, ags. feax `(Haupt)-haar', aisl. fax `Mähne' (*-pok̂-s-o-, vgl. den es-St. πέκος), aisl. fǣr, aschwed. fār `Schaf' (*fahaz = πόκος), aschwed. fǣt (*fahti-) `Wolle, Fließ', ags. feht `Fließ', ndl. vacht f. `Wolle, Schur', ags. fihl `pannus'; lit. pešù, pèšti `rupfen, an den Haaren zausen', Iter. pašýti, susipẽšti `sich raufen'.

    Hierher wohl ai. pakṣ-man- n. `Augenwimpern, Haar', pakṣ-malá- `mit starken Augenwimpern, dichthaarig', av. pašna- n. `Augenlid', vgl. in nicht so spezialisierter Bed. np. pašm `Wolle'.

References: WP. II 16 f., WH. 11 269 f., 270 ff., Trautmann 217, Specht KZ 68, 205 ff.
Pages: 797
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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