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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ī́k`è ( ~ -k-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to file, polish, rub
Russian meaning: пилить, полировать, тереть
Turkic: *ẹ̄ke-
Tungus-Manchu: *piKi-
Japanese: *pík-
Comments: Дыбо 15, Мудрак Дисс. 198, Лексика 399. Mong. egeɣü is probably borrowed from Turkic. Closed *ẹ̄ in Turk. is not quite clear: it is either the result of narrowing in a polysyllabic stem, or a reflex of the lost *p`- (cf. the diphthongization in Chuv. jǝgev).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ẹ̄ke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to file 2 file (n.)
Russian meaning: 1 пилить, обтачивать 2 напильник
Karakhanid: ike- ( ~ ege-) 1 (MK)
Turkish: eje 2
Tatar: igä- 1, igäw 2
Middle Turkic: ekäk 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: egɔw 2
Uighur: ekäk, igäk 2
Azerbaidzhan: äjä 2
Turkmen: īge 2
Khakassian: ige- 1
Oyrat: ege- 1, egü 2
Chuvash: jǝgev 'whetstone'
Yakut: igī 2
Dolgan: igī 2
Tuva: eɣe-, öɣe- 1, eɣē 2
Kirghiz: ege-, ögö- 1, egȫ, ögȫ 2
Kazakh: ege- 1, egew 2
Noghai: ege- 1, egew 2
Bashkir: igä- 1, igäw 2
Balkar: egew 2
Gagauz: ija 2
Karaim: ege, egew 2
Karakalpak: ege- 1, egew 2
Kumyk: egew 2
Comments: EDT 101, VEWT 38, ЭСТЯ 1, 326-328, TMN 2, 93, Егоров 77, Лексика 399, Stachowski 123.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *piKi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rub
Russian meaning: тереть
Evenki: hiki-
Even: hịk-
Negidal: xixi-
Comments: ТМС 2, 323.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pík-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to file, to saw
Russian meaning: пилить
Old Japanese: pjik-
Middle Japanese: fík-
Tokyo: hìk-
Kyoto: hík-
Kagoshima: hík-
Comments: JLTT 689. The basic meaning of the verb attested in OJ is 'pull'; modern Jpn. has, however, also the meaning 'to file, saw', and in OJ there is a derived noun pjikji, pjikji-ri 'rubbing wood for producing fire' (where pji- is definitely attested and cannot be = pi 'fire'). The meaning 'pull' therefore is either unrelated or secondarily derived < 'file, rub'.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗIḳV
Meaning: to polish, rub
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *pēk'- [+ *peik'- `engrave, write']
Altaic: *p`ī́k`è ( ~ -k-) [+ *pik`a ( ~ p`-, -k-) 'sweep, husk, winnow']
Kartvelian: ? *pek- 'grind' [+ *pxeḳ- / pxiḳ- 'scrape' 810]
Dravidian: NDr *pīq- 'to squeeze' ( + Nk. bokṛip-, Gnd. bokkānā 'itch, scratch')
Comments: Evidently two roots.
References: ND 1674 *pik[ü] 'to press, crush' (Kartv. *pek-, NDr + extremely dub. IE + Eg.), 1680 *P_[o]ḲV 'to scratch, comb', 1683 *P_EχḳV 'to rub, scrape' (Kartv.-Alt.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pōk'- / *pēk'-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to clean, to adorn
Baltic: *pō̃č- / *pō̂č- (2) vb. tr.
Germanic: *fēg-ṓ- vb., *fēg-ia- vb., *fag-já- vb., *fáx-ja- vb., *fag=, *fag-in-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: чистить, украшать
References: WP II 16
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *pō̃č- / *pō̂č- (2) vb. tr.
Meaning: adorn, clean
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: puõšti (-iu, -ē) `schmücken, putzen', púošti KZ. LII, 253 'ds.'
Lettish: pùost, puôst Gr.-Buschhof, Neuenb. (-šu, -su) `schmücken, putzen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *fēgṓn-, *fēgian-, *fagján-, *fáxjan- vb., *fag=, *faginōn- vb.
Meaning: decore, make beautiful
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *fagr-s (a) `fitting'; gafahrjan `zubereiten'; fahēɵ-s (-d-) f. (i) `joy'; fulla-fahjan wk. `satisfy, serve'; faginōn wk. `rejoice'
Old Norse: fagr-s `geschickt, geeignet'; fāga wk. `reinigen, glänzend machen, schmücken', fǟgja wk. `reinigen (des Schwertes), verehren'; *ptc. fegin-n `froh'; fagna wk. sich freuen, begrüssen'
Norwegian: fager adj.; fägja vb.; fegen adj.; fagna vb.
Old Swedish: fäghin adj.
Swedish: fager adj.; dial. fägga, fäja vb.; fägna vb.
Old Danish: fagne vb.
Danish: fager adj.
Old English: fägr `schön'; fägnian, fagnian `zich verheugen'; ge-feon `sich freuen'; gefea `Freude'; fägen `froh'
English: fair; fain; fawn
Old Frisian: fēgia `reinigen'
Old Saxon: fegon `reinigen'; fagin, fagan `froh'; faginon, faganon
Middle Dutch: vēghen; vāghen `reinigen'
Dutch: vegen
Middle Low German: vēgen
Old High German: FEGōn 'säubern, putzen' (10.Jh.); faginōn, feginon `sich freuen'; gi-fehan `sich freuen'; gifeho `Freude', gafagōn `satisfacere'; fagar `schön';
Middle High German: vɛgen wk. `reinigen, putzen, schjeuern, fegen', fɛge st. f. `Ausfegung, Reinigung'
German: fegen
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1464
Root: pek̂-1, pēk̂-, pōk̂-
English meaning: to make pretty; to be joyful
German meaning: etwa `hübsch machen, aufgeräumt oder vergnügt sein'
Material: Ahd. gifehan, ags. gefēon `sich freuen'; as. ahd. fehōn `verzehren', ahd. gi-fehōn ds. = ags. ge-fēon, ahd. gi-fehan `sich erfreuen'; Kaus. got. fulla-fahjan `Genüge leisten, befriedigen, dienen', ahd. fagōn `beistehen'; got. fahēþs `Freude', aisl. feginn, ags. fægen `froh', got. ahd. faginōn, ags. fægenian `sich freuen', aisl. fagna ds., got. ga-fēhaba `passend, ehrbar', aisl.fǣgiligr `angenehm'; got. fagrs `geeignet', aisl. fagr, ags. fæ̆̄ger `schön' usw.; got. ga-fahrian `zubereiten'; in materieller Bed. mhd. vëgen `reinigen, scheuern, fegen', aisl. fāga `schmücken, reinigen', fǣgja `glänzend machen, putzen' und lit. púošiu (*pōk̂ei̯ō), púošti `schmücken', lett. pùost `reinigen, säubern, schmücken', refl. `sich putzen'; vielleicht hieher mir. āil `angenehm' als *pōkli- (doch s. auch unter pāk̂- `festmachen').
References: WP. II 16, Wissmann Nom. Postverb. 14, 91, Trautmann 229.
Pages: 796-797
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *pek- / pk-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: молоть
English meaning: to grind
Georgian: pk(v)-; pkv-il- 'flour'
Megrel: k(v)-; k(v)-ir- 'flour'
Svan: pek
Svan meaning (Rus.): мука
Svan meaning (Eng.): flour
Laz: mk(v)-; mk-ir-, mkv-er-, pkv-er- 'flour'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 193-194, EWK 355-356. ?Ср. алт. *p`iāk`V 'тереть, пилить, полировать'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : to rub, scratch
Eurasiatic : *ṗIḳV
Afroasiatic : *PVḥVḳ-
Sino-Caucasian : *bVxV ( ~ -xg-,-xq̇-)
African (misc.) : Bantu *-pàk- 'to rub'.
Reference : (NDD 1680, 1683).
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *PVḥVḳ-
Meaning: scrape, scratch
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *pVḥVḳ- 'scrape, scrub'
Western Chadic: *fVHuk- 'scrape' 1,'rub' 2
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *faḳ- 'scrape'
Saho-Afar: *fik- 'scratch'
Low East Cushitic: *fiḳ- 'scratch'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-agw,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1606
Proto-Semitic: *pVḥVḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'scrape, scrub'
Geʕez (Ethiopian): fḥq
Tigrai (Tigriñña): fähaqʷä
Harari: fēha-qa
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-gzz,semet-tgy,semet-hrr,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *fVHuk-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'scrape' 1,'rub' 2
Angas: vuk 1, 2 [Fl] v- < *fH-
Ankwe=Goemai: fâk [fɔ̀k TAS:391] 1, 2
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-ang,wchet-ank,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *faḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'scrape'
Khamir: faq-
Awiya (Aungi): faki
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-xmr,agwet-aun,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *fik-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'scratch'
Saho: fik
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *fiḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'scratch'
Somali: fiiq-
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *bVxV ( ~ -xg-,-xq̇-)
Meaning: to clean, sweep
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Sino-Tibetan: *bek
Yenisseian: *pɔx-
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *bek
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sweep
Tibetan: ãphjag to sweep, clean.
Lushai: phiat to sweep, brush, hmun-phiaʔ broom; KC *phiak.
Kiranti: *phík
Comments: Mikir arphek broom; Newari tu-phe broom; Chepang phek; Miri pök sweep. Sh. 46, 161; Ben. 46.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *phík
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: sweep
Sunwar: 'phīk-ca sweep
Dumi: phīknɨ
Yamphu: phi:kma
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-dum,kiret-yam,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: phi:knɨ
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: vt-2a phi:kt/phi:k-phi:kh/phi:k
Meaning: sweep (with a broom)
Nepali: barālnu
Comments: cf. soknɨ.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,dumet-comments,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: phi:kma I
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Stem: <phi:g- ; phi:k->
Grammar: v.intr. & v.tr.
Meaning: to sweep.
Nepali: barālnu
yamet-prnum,yamet-stem,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,yamet-nepali,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *pɔx-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to clean
Ket: á-b-bɛt 'abwischen, abtrocknen' ? (Werner 1, 13)
Yug: fɔgǝt5, (Werner 1, 280) fɔ́-bet́
Kottish: ōpajaŋ, praet. ōlapajaŋ, pass. ōlāpi; ši-pi "cleaning"
Comments: ССЕ 251. Werner 1, 280 *pho-.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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