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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ā̀t`à
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to strike, hit
Russian meaning: бить, ударять
Turkic: *ạt-
Mongolian: *(h)atalga
Tungus-Manchu: *pāt(i)-
Korean: *pat-
Japanese: *pàtà-k-
Comments: SKE 194, 247, PKE 147, Цинциус 1984, 36.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ạt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to throw, shoot
Russian meaning: бросать, стрелять
Old Turkic: at- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: at- (MK)
Turkish: at-
Tatar: at-
Middle Turkic: at- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ɔt-
Uighur: at-
Sary-Yughur: at-
Azerbaidzhan: at-
Turkmen: at-
Khakassian: at-
Shor: at-
Oyrat: at-
Halaj: hat-
Chuvash: ɨvъt-, dial. ut-
Yakut: ɨt-
Dolgan: ɨt-
Tuva: at-
Kirghiz: at-
Kazakh: at-
Noghai: at-
Bashkir: at-
Balkar: at-
Gagauz: at-
Karaim: at-
Karakalpak: at-
Kumyk: at-
Comments: EDT 36, VEWT 31, ЭСТЯ 1, 199-200, 203, 204, Егоров 342, Федотов 2, 469, Stachowski 262.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)atalga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: adze
Russian meaning: долото
Written Mongolian: atalɣa
Khalkha: atlaga
Buriat: atalga
Kalmuck: atḷɣǝ
Comments: KW 18. Mong. > Yak. adalɣa, Kirgh. atalɣɨ etc. (ЭСТЯ 1, 201-202).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pāt(i)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to strike, hit 2 clapper, beetle 3 to hew off
Russian meaning: 1 бить, ударять 2 колотушка 3 отделять, разделывать тушу
Evenki: hatal- 3 (Sakh.)
Negidal: pātị 2 ( < South.)
Ulcha: pātị-čị-, pātị-la- 1, pātị 2
Orok: pāt-čụ- 1
Nanai: pāčị-čị- 1, pačị 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 57, 2, 35. Shortness in the Evk. form (attested only in the innovative Sakh. dialect) is evidently secondary.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pat-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to strike against, push, gore with the horns
Russian meaning: ударять, толкать, бодать
Modern Korean: pat- (-d-)
Comments: KED 721.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pàtà-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to flap, clap, slap
Russian meaning: хлопать, выбивать
Middle Japanese: fatak-
Tokyo: haták-
Kyoto: háták-
Kagoshima: hàtàk-
Comments: JLTT 685.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVṭV
Meaning: to beat
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *p`ā̀t`à
Kartvelian: *petk-
Dravidian: SDr *peṭ- 'to hit; to push' (cf. also *pàḍ- 'battle, army')
References: ND 1828 *ṗaṭV 'to beat, strike' (Alt.-Kartv.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *petk-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: биться, взрываться
English meaning: to burst, break
Georgian: petk-
Megrel: partk-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): трепетать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to quiver
Svan: ptk-, pitk-
Svan meaning (Rus.): бить, расщеплять (betk- 'взрываться, вспыхивать')
Svan meaning (Eng.): to beat, split (betk- 'to burst, burst in flames')
Laz: patk-
Laz meaning (Rus.): биться, трепетать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to shake, quiver
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 188, EWK 353. Ср. алт. *p`āt`V 'бить', ? ПИЕ *petǝ- 'бросаться, летать' (ср. Бщмхард 1996, 147, который привлекает также драв. *pat- 'спешить; дрожать, биться').
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVTV
Meaning : to beat
Eurasiatic : *ṗVṭV
Afroasiatic : *fet-
Reference : ND 1828.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *fVt-
Meaning: break, cut
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *pVt- 'break' 1, 'destroy' 2
Western Chadic: *fyat- 'slaughter'
Central Chadic: *fyat- 'cut into pieces' 1, 'slaughter, kill' 2
East Chadic: *Pyat- 'cut'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 499
Proto-Semitic: *pVt-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'break' 1, 'destroy' 2
Hebrew: ptt 1
Arabic: ftt [-u-] 2
Geʕez (Ethiopian): ftt 1
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-hbr,semet-ara,semet-gzz,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *fyat-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'slaughter' 1, 'cut' 2
Sura: fɛ́t 1 [JgS]
Chip: KOFR fét 2 [CLR: 96]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-sur,wchet-chp,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *fVt-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cut into pieces' 1, 'cut (off)' 2
Mofu-Gudur: -fǝt-áḍ- [BMof]
Mada: éft-éḍ 2 [BaMad]
Gude: fyát 1 [Hs]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mof,cchet-bld,cchet-gde,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *Pyat-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cut wood'
Bidiya: peet [JBid]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-bid,

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