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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ā́nŋi
Meaning: to trace, investigate
Russian meaning: следить, исследовать
Turkic: *ēŋe-
Mongolian: *hana-
Tungus-Manchu: *panŋū-
Japanese: *pima-
Comments: The original meaning, still well traceable in Mong. and Jpn., must have been 'to follow (smb.) secretly, investigate stealthily'.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ēŋe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to look after smb.
Russian meaning: смотреть за кем-л.
Turkmen: ǟŋet-
Yakut: eŋej-
Kirghiz: ene- 'обращать внимание, замечать (при отр.)'

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *hana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to trace, follow, be in wait for
Russian meaning: следить, следовать, поджидать
Written Mongolian: ana- (L 42)
Khalkha: ana-
Monguor: xana- 'se guérir' (SM 8)
Comments: The Mongor variant ana- is < lit. Mong.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *panŋū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to ask 2 to investigate 3 to follow smb.
Russian meaning: 1 спрашивать 2 исследовать 3 следовать за кем-л.
Evenki: hanŋū- 1, hanŋi- / hāŋī- 3
Spoken Manchu: f́onǯi- 'to ask, to question, to ferret out' (1288)
Literary Manchu: fonǯi- 1, 2
Jurchen: fanǯu-mij (775) 2
Ulcha: pan-sị- 1
Orok: panụ-
Udighe: xauntasi- 1
Solon: aŋụ̄- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 314-315.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pima-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to keep smth. in secret
Russian meaning: держать что-л. в тайне
Middle Japanese: fima-
Tokyo: hime-
Comments: JLTT 689. Original accent is not clear: in RJ the form is not attested, Tokyo and Kyoto point to *pìmá-, but Kagoshima - to *pímá-.

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