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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ap`o
Meaning: to attack
Russian meaning: нападать
Turkic: *op-
Mongolian: *hawl-
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. In TM cf. perhaps Evn. hapkon- 'to sit in ambush' (ТМС 2, 316).

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *op-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to attack 2 to rob
Russian meaning: 1 нападать 2 грабить
Old Turkic: op-la- 1 (Orkh.)
Middle Turkic: op- 2 (R - ShS)
Tuva: opla- 1
Kirghiz: ob-dul- 1
Kazakh: op- 2 (R)
Karaim: op- 2
Comments: EDT 11, ЭСТЯ 1, 464 (together with *ōp- 'suck'), R I 1155.

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *hawl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: surprise attack
Russian meaning: внезапное нападение
Written Mongolian: uulɣa (L 889)
Middle Mongolian: xa'ul-, xau'ul- (SH 75) 'to attack, capture'
Khalkha: ūlga
Buriat: ūla-gar 'hot-tempered'
Kalmuck: ūlɣa 'vanguard', ūlɣa-la- 'to belong to the vanguard, rob'
Monguor: xụ̄li- 'courir' (SM 180)
Comments: KW 454.

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