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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *pi̯ŭ̀č`à
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to tear, split, cut
Russian meaning: раздирать, расщеплять, резать
Turkic: *bɨč-
Mongolian: *biči-
Tungus-Manchu: *puče- ( ~ -š-)
Korean: *pčɨ́č-
Japanese: *pàtùr-
Comments: EAS 144, KW 47, ОСНЯ 1, 178. In Turk. also OT biče 'small', Tuva biče id. Cf. also MKor. pčằ- 'to wring out, squeeze' (SKE 18); MKor. pči- 'to cut' (SKE 32); mod. pit-ta (piǯ-) 'cut, slice'. Doerfer's (TMN 2, 427) doubts are hardly justified - the semantic development in Mong. is perfectly well explainable. One should note, however, that low tone in Jpn. does not correspond to Mong. *b- here (one would rather expect *h-); either this is an incorrect tone notation (the Jpn. word is attested in RJ, but not accented in Hirayama's dictionary), or an irregularity in an expressive etymon.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bɨč- / *bič-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cut
Russian meaning: резать
Old Turkic: bɨč- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bɨč- (MK)
Turkish: bič-
Tatar: pĭč-
Middle Turkic: bič- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bič-
Uighur: pič-
Sary-Yughur: pɨš-
Azerbaidzhan: bič-
Turkmen: bič-
Khakassian: pɨs-
Oyrat: bɨč-
Chuvash: pǝʷś-
Yakut: bɨs-
Dolgan: bɨs-
Tuva: bɨš-
Tofalar: bɨ'š-
Kirghiz: bič-
Kazakh: pĭš-
Bashkir: bĭs-, bɨs-
Balkar: bič-
Gagauz: bič-
Karaim: bič-
Karakalpak: piš-
Kumyk: bič-
Comments: EDT 292-293, VEWT 73, ЭСТЯ 2, 158-160, Stachowski 71. Turk. > Hung. biczak 'knife' ( Gombocz 1912).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *biči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 small 2 to demolish, crush
Russian meaning: 1 маленький 2 уничтожать, разламывать
Written Mongolian: biči-qan 1 (L 102), bič-al- 2 (L 101)
Khalkha: b́acxan 1, b́acla- 2
Buriat: bišɨxan 1, bisal- 2
Kalmuck: bičkṇ 1
Ordos: bičaxan 1
Baoan: beǯiGǝn 1 (Тод. Бн.)
Dagur: piči 'into small pieces'
Monguor: paǯilǝ 'into small pieces'
Comments: KW 47, MGCD 154. Mong. > Yak. bɨčɨk etc. (VEWT 75).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *puče- ( ~ -š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to split, burst 2 to pierce through
Russian meaning: 1 лопаться, рваться, раскалываться 2 протыкать, продирать
Evenki: huče-rge- 1
Udighe: pusege- 1 ( < unattested Nan. or Ulch.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 358 (the Manchu and Orok forms are included incorrectly).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pčɨ́č-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tear
Russian meaning: раздирать
Modern Korean: č:it- (-č-)
Middle Korean: pčɨ́č-
Comments: Nam 441, KED 1559.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pàtùr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pare, whittle, remove the skin
Russian meaning: подрезать, срезать, сдирать
Old Japanese: patur-
Middle Japanese: fàtùr-
Comments: JLTT 686.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *pi(u)CV
Meaning: to crush, squeeze
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *peis-
Altaic: *pi̯ŭ̀č`à (cf. also *puse )
Uralic: *pečkä- (*päčkä-) 'cut'; *pic'(c')V 'small' (SKES 158); cf. also *pučkV ; *pičkV
Kartvelian: *beč̣- / bič̣-
Dravidian: *pīc-
Comments: Alt. and Drav. forms meaning 'small' - probably from the same root.
References: ОСНЯ 1, 178-179 (hardly two roots), МССНЯ 369; ND 165 *bic̣V ~ *biĉ̣V 'small' (also hardly to be distinguished from ND 166 *bVć̣VRV 'cut' and ND 168 *bič̣V 'crumble, crush' - although the SH seems to be different: in the 1st case Sem. *bc̣-(r) 'cut; small'; in the 2d case - some Chad. forms). ? Cf. also Ural. in ND 1662 *P_uč̣V 'fall'?
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pis-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to pound, to thresh
Old Indian: pinaṣṭi, ptc. piṣṭá- `to crush, grind, pound'; peṣtar- `who or what pounds or grinds'
Avestan: pišant- `zerstampfend'
Old Greek: ptíssō (att. -ttō), aor. ptísai̯, p. ptisthē̂nai̯, pf. m. éptismai̯, va. á-ptisto- `durch Stampfen usw. Körner enthulsen, zerschroten'; pticánǟ f. `Gerstengraupen, Gerstengrütze', ptísma n. `Gerstengraupen', ptísi-s f. `das Enthulsen', ptismó-s `das Enthülsen', pl. peri-ptísmata `ausgepresste Weintrauben'
Slavic: *pьxā́tī, *pьšjǭ, *pьšjeno, -ī́cā; *pē̃stъ, *pēstā́
Baltic: *pis- (*pis-a-) vb. tr., *paĩs-ī̂- vb., *peĩs-t-ā̂ f., peĩs-t-a- c.,
Germanic: *pī́s-Vl=
Latin: pīnsō, -ere, pīnsī/-pīnsuī, *pistum/pīnsum `kleinstampfen, zerstossen'; pīsāre/pīnsāre `zerstampfen, zerstossen'; pistor, -ōris `Bäcker'; pistrīnum n. `Stampfmühle; Bäckerei'; pīsō `Mörser'; pīla f. `Mörser', pīlum n. `Mörsekeule; Wurfspiess', pistillum n. `Stampfer'
Other Italic: Umbr pistu `pistum'
Russ. meaning: толочь, обмолачивать
References: WP II 1
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *pis- (*pis-a-) vb. tr., *paĩs-ī̂- vb., *peĩs-t-ā̂ f., peĩs-t-a- c.,
Meaning: pound, thresh
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: paisī́ti (paĩsō) 'die Grannen abschlagen, enthülsen'; piestà (acc. piẽstą), ostlit. piẽsta-s 'Stampfe, Stampfmühle, Mörser', pìsti 'coire cum femina'
Lettish: pàisît 'Flachs brechen; Flachs schwingen; schütteln, prügeln'; pìesta, piests 'Geschirr, darin gestampft wird; hölzener Mörser; Mörserkeule, Stampfe'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *pī́sVl=
Meaning: mortar
IE etymology: IE etymology
East Frisian: Fris fīsel, fīzel `vijzel'
Middle Dutch: vīsel m. `stampvat'
Dutch: vijzel m.
Middle Low German: vīsel m. `Mörser'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-eastfris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1461
Root: (peis-1?) : pis-
English meaning: to grind
German meaning: `zerstampfen, zermalmen' (bes. Getreide)
Derivatives: Nomen actionis p(e)is-ter-
Material: Ai. pináṣṭi `zerreibt, zerstampft' (3. Pl. pįṣánti = lat. pinsunt), piṣṭá- `gemahlen', n. `Mehl', pēṣṭar- `Zerreiber' (: lat. pistor), av. pišant- `zerstampfend'; gr. πτίσσω `stampfe, schrote' (wohl expressives σσ), πτίσμα, πτισάνη `enthülste Gerste', πτίσις, πτισμός `das Stampfen', περιπίσματα `ausgepreßte Weintrauben' (diss. aus *περιπτίσματα); lat. pīnsō, -ere, pinsiō, pi(n)sō, -āre `zerstampfen, zerstoßen' (pīs- mit Nasalreduktion aus pins-), *pīstum, pīnsum, pinsitum; pistor `Bäcker', pīsō `Mörser', pīla ds., pīlum `Mörserkeule' (und `Wurfspieß'), pistillum `Stampfer'; umbr. pistu `pistum'; mnd. vīsel `Mörser', mhd. fisel `penis'; lit. Iterat. paisýti `(Gerste) abklopfen, den Gerstenkörnern die Grannen abschlagen', primär pìsti `coire cum femina'; aksl. pьsǫ und pьchajǫ, pьchati `stoßen', *pьšeno `Mehl', russ. pšenó n. `enthülste Hirse', čech. Iterat. pěchovati `stampfen'.
References: WP. II 1, WH. II 267, 307 f., Trautmann 220 f., Schwyzer Gr. Gr. 1, 692.
Pages: 796
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 743
Proto: *pečkä- (*päčkä-)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to cut
German meaning: schneiden
Finnish: (pätkä 'Stummel, Rest, Stück', pätki- 'abpflücken' - rejected by Redei)
Saam (Lapp): bæśkedi- (N) 'cut hair or wool off', pieskēti- ~ päskēti- (L) 'schneiden, abschneiden, Haar schneiden', piehckē- (Not.) 'scheren'
Mordovian: pečke- (E M) 'schneiden, schlachten' ?
Mari (Cheremis): pǝčkä- (KB), püćka- (U), püčka- (B) 'abschneiden, abhauen' ?; pečke- (B) 'schneiden', pečkalta- 'teilweise brechen, anbrechen'
Nenets (Yurak): pidā- (O) 'scheren, schneiden (Haare, Bart), pītćeme 'Eigentumsmarke, -zeichen'
Enets (Yen): firiʔ (Ch.) (gen. firoʔ), fidiʔ (B) 'Fleck, Merkzeichen', firiʔa- (Ch.), fidiʔa- (B) 'zeichnen, zustutzen'
Selkup: püti̮- (Ta.) 'scheren'
Kamass: pшdǝ-, pǝdǝ- 'schneiden, scheren (z.B. die Haare)'
Addenda: Koib. педлямъ 'стригу'; Mot. хиддиямъ
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-add,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *beč̣- / bič̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: разламывать, крошить
English meaning: to mince, crumble
Georgian: bič̣-
Svan: beč̣ḳw-, bič̣ḳw-, bäč̣ḳw-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 52, EWK 54. В ОСНЯ 1, 179 корень возводится к ностр. *bič̣V (ср. ПИЕ *peis-, драв. *pīc-; ср. также алт. *piuča id.). Драв.-картв. сравнение см. также в Бомхард 1996, 226.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *pīc-
Meaning : to squeeze, milk
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *pIc-a-, *pIc-ai-
Proto-Telugu : *pis-uk-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *pīc-, *pic-k-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *pīc-
Proto-North Dravidian : *pic-k-
Notes : The vowel was apparently shortened before the suffixal *-ak- already in PDR.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *pIc-a-, *pIc-ai-
Meaning : to squeeze
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : picai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to work with the thumb and fingers in mixing, knead, squeeze or mash between the palms, crush and separate as kernels of grain from the ear, rub or apply on the skin, strike against one another as branches in the wind
Tamil derivates : picakku (picakki-) to press between the fingers, squeeze, crush; picar_u (picar_i-) to mingle, mix with the hand
Malayalam : piśiṭu
Malayalam meaning : husks of fruits, oilcake
Malayalam derivates : piśukku the remains of expressed coconuts
Kannada : pisuku
Kannada meaning : to squeeze, press as a fruit, knead, shampoo
Kannada derivates : hisi to squeeze (a ripe fruit) so as nearly to separate it into two pieces; (Hav.) (?) hīñcu to squeeze out pus from a boil
Tulu : piskuni, pīsuni
Tulu meaning : to squeeze, press
Tulu derivates : poje(ŋ)kuni to knead, rub, squeeze, strangle; (B-K) pijakkụ, pijaŋkụ, pejaŋkụ to squeeze, strangle
Proto-Nilgiri : *piS-ǝg-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) pijaŋki to crush
Number in DED : 4135
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *piS-ǝg-
Meaning : to be soft so that it can be squeezed
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : picg- (picgy-)
Additional forms : Also Kota pick- (picky-) to squeeze, pinch; picpicn beaten to a pulp, cooked to a pulp (of grain)
Number in DED : 4135
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *pis-uk-
Meaning : to squeeze, press, knead, shampoo, handle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : pisuku
Number in DED : 4135
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *pīc-, *pic-k-
Meaning : to crush, knead
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Naikri : pijg- "to knead"
Parji : pīk- "to crush"
Ollari Gadba : piskolp- (piskolt-) "to squeeze"
Salur Gadba : pīc- "to milk"
Additional forms : Also Parji pīc- to grind
Number in DED : 4135
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *pīc-
Meaning : to squeeze, milk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *pis-k-
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *pīc-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *pīc-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *pis-k-
Meaning : to knead
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : piskānā "to knead flour"
Adilabad Gondi : puskānā
Additional forms : Also many dial. pisk- to squeeze, press, knead
Number in DED : 4135
Number in CVOTGD : 2258
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *pīc-
Meaning : to milk
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : pīc- (pīcc-) "to squeeze, milk"
Manda : pīc-
Number in DED : 4135
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *pīc-
Meaning : to press, milk
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : "to press, squeeze, milk"
Khuttia Kui : pīc-
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : pīcali "to milk, wring, press out (oil)"
Kuwi (Schulze) : pīcinai "to quash, wring"
Sunkarametta Kuwi : pīc- "to press out, wring, milk"
Kuwi (Israel) : pīc- (-it-) "to milk, squeeze"
Number in DED : 4135
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuttia,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *pic-k-
Meaning : to press and bruise, flatten by crushing
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : pickaʔānā (refl.pass. pickārnā)
Number in DED : 4135
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVCV
Meaning : to crush
Eurasiatic : *pi(u)čV
Afroasiatic : *baĉaʕ- (also *bas- 830, *paḥoc̣- 2499, *poḥaĉ̣- 2515, *puc- 2517, *puĉ̣- 2518)
Austric : PAA *pVjh 'grind', PAN *pipit' (= *pipis)
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-austr,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *baĉaʕ-
Meaning: tear off, brek off
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *bVŝVʕ- 'tear off' 1, 'pierce' 2
Western Chadic: *baHaĉ- 'break off'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 495
Proto-Semitic: *bVŝVʕ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'tear off' 1, 'pierce' 2
Tigre: bšʕ 1
Tigrai (Tigriñña): bsʕ 1
Amharic: bässa 2
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-tgr,semet-tgy,semet-amh,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *baHaĉ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'tear off'
Hausa: ḅā̀sā́
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *bħǝ̄́nq̇V̆
Meaning: log, pole
North Caucasian: *bħǝ̄nq̇_V̆
Sino-Tibetan: *p(h)ăŋ
Yenisseian: *pǝ̄q- (?)
Burushaski: *-pháɣo
Basque: *mak-
Comments and references : Differently in HGC 29, LV D2. Cf. *bVrḳwV̄́.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *bħǝ̄nq̇_V̆
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: pole, post
Proto-Nakh: *b(ɦ)eq̇V (~ -a-)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *muq̇:V
Proto-Tsezian: *maq
Proto-Lak: maʁi
Proto-Lezghian: *marq:(a)
Proto-West Caucasian: *bǝq̇V-wǝ (~-ǝ̃-)
Notes: Correspondences are quite regular. Other Caucasian languages have borrowed this root: cf. Georg. dial. boq̇wi 'pilaster' (from Abkh.), Balk. bǝq:ǝ 'a small post' (from Kab.), see Shagirov 1977,2,47.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *b(ɦ)eq̇V (~ -a-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: pole
Ingush: beq̇a
Comments: Isolated in Ing., thus the PN reconstruction is tentative. Nakh > Osset. (Dig.) bäqä 'pole', see Abayev 1958, 250.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *muq̇:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 pole 2 ceiling
Avar: moq̇: 1
Andian language: moq̇:ol 2
Akhvakh: muq̇:e 1
Chamalal: muq̇: 1
Tindi: muq̇:u 1
Karata: nuq̇:e 1
Godoberi: muq̇:u 1
Comments: Av. paradigm A (móq̇:i-l, móq̇:a-l). Cf. also Akhv. Tseg., Tlan., Cham. Gig. muq̇:u, Kar. Tok. muq̇:i. Besides And. moq̇:ol with the meaning 'ceiling' cf. also Cham. Gig. (Bok.) muq̇:u id., Kar. L.-Enkh. miq̇:ela; usually this meaning is present in the compound *muq̇:V-riƛ̣:V (with different assimilations and transformations), cf. Av. móq̇:ruƛ̣:, And. (Tsertsvadze) moq̇:o-lƛ̣:i, Cham. jeq̇:-muq̇:, Gig. req̇:-muq̇:a, Kar. miq̇:a-laƛ̣:i etc.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *maq
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 short stick,rod 2 stake 3 vertical stick (in fence)
Tsezi: maIq 1
Bezhta: maq 2
Gunzib: maq 3
Comments: PGB *maq. The oblique base was probably *mɨqu- (with a regular *a/*ɨ Ablaut): it is preserved now as a separate stem in Bezht. miqo, Gunz. mɨqu "pole" (also from this source comes Gin. nuqo id. with labialisation shift).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: maʁi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: roof, ceiling
Lak form: maʁi
Comments: Cf. Khosr. maʁu id.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *marq:(a)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 stick, pole 2 shepherd's staff
Tabasaran: marʁ 1
Agul: marʁ 2 (Bursh.)
Comment: Cf. also Tab. Düb. marq:a; in Ag. (Bursh.) there is a variant marʕ.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *bǝq̇V-wǝ (~-ǝ̃-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 post, log, pile 2 pilaster, post, pillar
Abkhaz: a-bǝ́q̇ʷ
Adyghe: p:q:aw
Kabardian: pq:ow, bǝq:ow
Comments: PAT *bVq̇ʷǝ (cf. also Bz. a-báq̇ʷ); PAK *bǝq̇:á-wǝ / *p:q:á-wǝ. Despite Klimov (1968, 292) there are no reasons to consider the Abkhaz form an Adygh loan. Kumakhov's etymology (1964,126) - PAK *b(ǝ)q:áwǝ from *p:q:ǝ 'corpus, skeleton' - seems dubious, first of all because of the Kab. form bǝq:ow (there's no parallel form *bǝq:ǝ 'skeleton' in Kab.). Very dubious is the comparison with Ub. bǝq̇Iʷ 'thick' (Shagirov 2, 47).

    Since there is no Ub. cognate, it is impossible to determine whether the first vowel in PWC was nasalized or not. Somewhat unclear is the status of the PAK *-wǝ: it is either a suffix (in this case *bǝq:áwǝ < *bǝq:ʷá-wǝ), or part of the root which has yielded labialisation in Abkh. (*bVq̇ʷǝ < *bVq̇ǝwǝ).

abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *p(h)ăŋ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tree, plant
Burmese: ǝpaŋ plant, tree.
Lushai: paŋ-pār a flower, a blossom.
Kiranti: *b(h)Vŋ tree
Comments: Bodo paŋ classifier for plants.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-burm,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *b(h)Vŋ
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: tree
Limbu: siŋ=bo:ŋ
Dumi: bhu
Yamphu: siŋ=bu
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-yam,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: siNbo:N
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: tree.
Derivation: [siN wood + -bo:N tree]
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,limet-dercomm,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: bhu
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: tree
Nepali: rukh.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: siŋbu
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: a) tree; b) tree-trunk.
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *pǝ̄q-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: thin rods of birdcherry tree for sewing together pieces of birch bark (сарга)
Ket: hʌʁ4 (South.), North. hʌ:ʁǝ4; pl. hʌqŋ5
Yug: fʌ:hx, pl. fʌqŋ5
Comments: ССЕ 248. Werner 1, 341 <*phǝʔǝqǝ>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *-pháɣo
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: stick, walking stick
Hunza: -pháɣo
Nagar: -pháɣuỵ
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *mak-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 thick, heavy club 2 (shepherd's, bishop's) crook, crosier 3 forked pole, fork 4 hook 5 cane, staff
Bizkaian: maket 1
Gipuzkoan: (Berastegi) mako 4
High Navarrese: (Arakil) mako 3, (Lezaka) mako 4
Low Navarrese: mako 2, 5
Lapurdian: mako 2, 3, 4, 5
Baztanese: mako 3, 4
Roncalese: mako 2
Comments: The status of (c) makila, makhila ‘stick, cane’ is disputable: Michelena (1961: 51) and some earlier scholars derive it from Latin bacilla, plural of bacillum ‘rod’, but it seems just as likely to be a native development of the root *mak-, or a blend of Bsq *mako + Lat. bacilla.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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