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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *pằlgà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: foot
Russian meaning: нога
Turkic: *bAlak
Tungus-Manchu: *palga-n
Korean: *pár
Japanese: *pànkì
Comments: EAS 52, Цинциус 1984, 29-30, ОСНЯ 3, 67-70, Menges 1984, 284, АПиПЯЯ 13, 43, 68, 96, 279.
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bAlak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ankle 2 trouser leg 3 foot sole
Russian meaning: 1 щиколотка 2 штанина 3 стопа
Turkish: balaq 2 (dial.)
Tatar: balaq 1, 2
Middle Turkic: balaq 2 (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: balaG 2
Turkmen: balaq 2
Kazakh: balaq 2; 'bird's foot'
Noghai: balaq 2
Bashkir: balaq 2
Balkar: balaq 2, 3
Karaim: balaq 2
Karakalpak: balaq 2
Kumyk: balaq 2
Comments: VEWT 59, TMN 2, 312, ЭСТЯ 2, 51, Лексика 478. Turk. > Russ. Siber. baláki (Pl.) (Аникин 114). [The latter contains a mistake: balaq 'пахи' is not attested in Kirgh. - it is found in Radloff marked as Kirgh., which means Kazakh. Modern Kazakh dictionaries do not note this meaning; according to the КТТС (1, 86) it means `a trouser leg from the knee downwards; horse's ankle; part of bird's leg from the knee down to the ankle'. In Kirgh. a related stem may be balak-ta- 'to hang loose (of clothes, particularly of wide trouser legs)'.]
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *palga-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 foot 2 sole
Russian meaning: 1 нога 2 подошва
Evenki: halgan 1
Even: halgъ̣n 1
Negidal: xalgan 1
Ulcha: palǯa(n) 1
Orok: palǯa(n) 1
Nanai: palgã 2
Oroch: xaga 'paw'
Udighe: xaga 'paw; bear's trace'
Solon: alɣã 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 312.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pár
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foot
Russian meaning: нога
Modern Korean: pal
Middle Korean: pár
Comments: Nam 245, KED 722.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pànkì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shin
Russian meaning: голень
Old Japanese: pagji
Middle Japanese: fàgì
Tokyo: hagí
Kyoto: hágì
Kagoshima: hagí
Nase: hágì 'foot, leg'
Hateruma: páN 'foot, leg'
Yonakuni: háN 'foot, leg'
Comments: JLTT 395. In Ryukyu dialects the word means 'foot, leg': cf. Nase hágì, Hateruma páN, Yonaguni háN 'foot, leg' etc.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *pVĺkV
Meaning: foot
Indo-European: *pleig(')h- ?
Altaic: *pằlgà
Uralic: *päĺkV
Kartvelian: *berq-
Comments: Cf. *pVxlV.
References: ОСНЯ 3, 66-70, МССНЯ 368; ND 1729 *pAĺgV (w/o Kartv.). Cf. NC (see NSC) *bŏlVḳwŏ 'leg bone'.
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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pleig(')h-
Meaning: to walk, to step
Old Indian: plehate `to go, move'
Old Greek: plíssomai̯ `die Beine ausspreizen, ausschreiten', aor. ap-eplíksato `machte sich in grossen Sprüngen davon', pf. dia-peplikhós (stóma) `offenstehend', ps. dia-pepligméno- `mit gespreizten Beinen', peri-pepligméno- `mit ringsherumgelegten Beinen', ek-plíssomai̯ `auseinanderk laffen (von Wunden usw.)', plikhás, -ádos f. `die Spreize, Stelle zwischen den Schenkeln', plík-s = bǟ̂ma (Sch., dor.); plígma n. `das Spreizen, die Spreize', adv. amphi-plíks `mit gespreizten Beinnn'
Russ. meaning: идти, шагать
References: WP II 684
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1854
Root: (s)pleiĝh-
English meaning: to spread the legs
German meaning: `die Beine spreizen'
Material: Ai. *plḗhatē `geht, bewegt sich'; gr. πλίσσομαι `schreite aus', ἐκπλίσσομαι `klaffe auseinander (von Wunden)', πλιχάς f. `die Spreize, Stelle zwischen den Schenkeln', στόμα διαπεπλιχός `offenstehender Mund'; mit anl. s- wohl air. sliassait f. `Schenkel' (*spleigh-s-ontī); über air. lingid `springt', Prät. leblang- (*ple-plong-?) s. Thurneysen Gr. p. 687.
References: WP. II 684., Pisani Mél. Boisacq II, 181 ff.
Pages: 1000
PIE database: PIE database
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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 736
Proto: *päĺkV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: foot
German meaning: Fuss
Mordovian: piĺge (E), piĺgä (M) 'Fuß' ?
Mansi (Vogul): pɔ̄̈ĺkǝnt (KO), pāĺkat (So.) 'kleine Klaue (bei der Kuh, dem Elentier, dem Rentier)'
Yukaghir parallels: OC III
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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *berq-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: нога, шаг
English meaning: foot, step
Georgian: perq- (Old Georgian), pex- (Mod.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): нога
Georgian meaning (Engl.): foot
Megrel: o-bax-e
Megrel meaning (Rus.): подставка, место для ноги
Megrel meaning (Eng.): prop, space to put the foot
Svan: bǟq, na-barq-
Svan meaning (Rus.): шаг
Svan meaning (Eng.): step
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 50, EWK 47, 52. EWK разделяет сван. bǟq- и na-barq-, соотнося первый с не вполне ясным хевсурским экспрессивным образованием baqbaq-i "неуклюжий бег", что кажется вряд ли оправданным. Корень ностратического происхождения: ср. ностр. *paĺqV 'ступня', восстанавливаемое Иллич-Свитычем (ОСНЯ 3, 66-70) на основании картв. *berq-, урал. *päĺkä 'нога (foot)' и алт. *palka 'нога'.
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