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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ṑlu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be, become; to come
Russian meaning: быть, становиться; приходить
Turkic: *ol-ur-, *ol(u)-tur-
Mongolian: *ol-
Tungus-Manchu: *ō-
Korean: *ó-
Comments: SKE 174, Menges 1984, 281-282, АПиПЯЯ 284. Note the loss of *-l- in Kor. and some Turkic forms, which may indicate the original monosyllabic nature of the verb (*ṑl).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ol-ur-, *ol(u)-tur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sit
Russian meaning: сидеть
Old Turkic: oltur- (OUygh.), olur- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: oltur- (MK), ol- 'to be' (At., IM), 'to become ripe' (MK, IM, Bulgat)
Turkish: otur-
Tatar: utɨr-
Middle Turkic: oltur- (Бор. Бад., Abush., Pav. C.), (?) ol- 'to be' (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ụtir-
Uighur: oltur-
Azerbaidzhan: otur-
Turkmen: otur-
Khakassian: odɨr-
Oyrat: otur-
Chuvash: lar-
Yakut: olor-
Dolgan: olor-
Tuva: olur-
Tofalar: olɨr-
Kirghiz: otur-
Kazakh: otɨr-
Noghai: oltɨr-
Bashkir: ultɨr-
Balkar: oltur-
Gagauz: otur-
Karaim: otur-
Karakalpak: otɨr-
Salar: oht(ɨr)-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 489-492. EDT 125, 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Stachowski 192. See also the comments on *bōl- ' to be, become'. From the forms phonetically looking like ol- 'to be, become' the only actual reflexes of PT *ol- may be Middle Uygh. (At., Tefs., IM - opposed to bar, bir-) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf.), cf. ЭСТЯ 2, 186; Chag. ol- may as well be < Oghuz.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to find, obtain
Russian meaning: находить, получать
Written Mongolian: ol- (L 607)
Middle Mongolian: ol- (SH, HYt), ula- (IM), ul- (MA)
Khalkha: ol-
Buriat: olo-
Kalmuck: ol-
Ordos: ol-
Dongxian: olu-
Baoan: ol-, olǝ-
Dagur: wal-, ol-, olo- (Тод. Даг. 159), ole- (MD 201)
Shary-Yoghur: ōl-
Monguor: ōli- (SM 296), (MGCD ulǝ-)
Mogol: wɔl-, ɔl-, ul- (Weiers); ZM āl (24-9a)
Comments: KW 284, MGCD 526, 527.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ō-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to make; become 2 new
Russian meaning: 1 делать; стать 2 новый
Evenki: ōmakta 2, ō- 1
Even: ō- 1
Negidal: ō- 1
Spoken Manchu: o- 1 (3018)
Literary Manchu: o- 1
Jurchen: o-fia (829) 1
Ulcha: o- 1
Orok: o- 1
Nanai: o- 1
Udighe: o-, ō- 1
Solon: ō- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 3-4.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ó-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to come
Russian meaning: приходить
Modern Korean: o-
Middle Korean: ó-
Comments: Nam 379, KED 1196.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *woɣlV
Meaning: to be
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ṑlu
Uralic: *wole-
Dravidian: *uḷ-[u-]/[d-]
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝlru-ci- ?
References: МССНЯ 332; ND 2472.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1175
Proto: *wole
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to be, become
German meaning: sein, werden
Finnish: ole- 'sein'
Estonian: ole-
Mordovian: ule- (E M) 'sein, werden'
Mari (Cheremis): ǝ̑la- (KB), ula- (U B) 'sein'
Udmurt (Votyak): vi̮l- (S), vǝ̑l- (K), vị̑lị̑- (G) 'sein, existieren', val (S G) 'war'
Komi (Zyrian): ve̮l- (S), ve̮v- (P), vȯ.l- (PO) 'sein; es gibt', vi̮ji̮m (VU) 'ist, es gibt'
Khanty (Ostyak): wăl- (V), wăл-, wŏл- (Trj.), ut- (DN), ol- (O) 'leben, sein, wohnen'
Mansi (Vogul): āl- (TJ), ōl- (KU P), ɔ̄l- (So.) 'werden, sein'
Hungarian: vol-, val-, vagy- 'sein, sich befinden', vagyon 'Vermögen, Besitz', vala-ki 'jemand', vala-mi 'etwas'
Sammalahti's version: *wo/ali-
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-samm2,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *uḷ-[u-]/[d-]
Meaning : to be
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *uḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *uṇ-ḍ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ḷō- (*VḷV-)
Brahui : uṭ
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-bra,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *uḷ-
Meaning : to be, exist
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : uḷ
Tamil meaning : to be, have (1 sg. uḷēn_, uḷḷēn_, 3 sg. m. uḷan_, neut. ulaṭu, 3 pl. m. uḷar, neut. uḷa)
Tamil derivates : uṇṭu is, are (existence); uḷḷa who is, which is, true, actual; uḷḷatu, uḷatu that which is, truth, soul; uḷḷavan_ he who has, rich person; uḷḷār those who are present, those who possess; uḷamai truth, reality; uḷavu real nature; uṇmai existence, reality, state of being, nature, truth
Malayalam : uḷ
Malayalam meaning : to be there, exist
Malayalam derivates : uṇṭu there is, exists; uḷḷa existing, true, real, in or to which there is; uḷavu coming into existence; uḷḷavan rich; uṇma reality, truth; (K.M. Narayna Menon, p. 36) oṇṭu has; oḷḷa having; (p. 258) oḷḷama, oṇma existence
Kannada : uḷ (3 pers. uṇṭu), oḷ
Kannada meaning : to be, have; adj. that is, that is true
Kannada derivates : uḷḷa being, having, being able; uḷḷatana state of being or having; uṇṭu that is or exists, existence, existing; oḷ(u)pu, oḷuhu essence, possession, trueness; uṇmu to arise, come into existence (or in DEDR 4482)
Kodagu : uḷḷ- (3 pers. uṇḍɨ)
Kodagu meaning : to be, be in a place, have
Tulu : uḷḷ- (3 sg. neut. uṇḍu; pres. tense)
Tulu meaning : to be, exist, have
Proto-Nilgiri : *oḷ-[ḍ]-
Number in DED : 0697
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *oḷ-[ḍ]-
Meaning : to exist, be in a place
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : oḷ- (3 pers. neut. oḍo-)
Toda : wɨḷd- (3. pers. wɨḍ-i)
Additional forms : Also Kota oḍ truth
Number in DED : 697
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *uṇ-ḍ-
Meaning : to be, exist, live, dwell
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : uṇḍu
Additional forms : Also [1] unucu, [2] uncu to place, put, set, lay, keep, preserve, set apart for a purpose, appoint; uniki existence, being, remaining, stay, dwelling, home, place, residence, state, condition
Number in DED : 697
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ḷō- (*VḷV-)
Meaning : to dwell
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ḷō-
Notes : SDR parallels; the root may be bisyllabic.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ḷō-
Meaning : to abide, remain
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : lohpa (loht-) "to abide, remain, reside"
Kuwi (Schulze) : loy-, lōi- "to remain"
Number in DED : 697
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : uṭ
Meaning : (pres. 1 sg.) to be
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Additional forms : Also 2sg. us, 1pl. un, 2pl. ure, 3pl. ur).
Number in DED : 697
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-addition,braet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *ǝlru-ci-
Meaning: shape, form, nature
Russian meaning: вид, форма, стать
Proto-Yupik: *ǝlu-ci-ʁ-
Proto-Inupik: *ǝl(ʁ)u-ci- ~ *ǝrru-ci-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 117
esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *ǝlu-ci-ʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: shape, form, nature
Russian Meaning: вид, форма, стать
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: lūciq, lūciʁ- 'all, whole'
Central Alaskan Yupik: ǝluciq
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 117
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-aay,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ǝl(ʁ)u-ci- ~ *ǝrru-ci-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: habit, shape, form
Russian meaning: особенность, вид, форма
North Alaskan Inupik: irrusiq 'behavoir, appearance'
NAI Dialects: Qaw irrusiq 'character, condition', PH ilʁusiq 'habit', B ilisiq 'behaviour, manner'
Western Canadian Inupik: ijjusiq 'manner of being, habit'
Eastern Canadian Inupik: ilusiq 'habit', ilusiq 'appearance'
Greenlandic Inupik: ilusiq 'shape, form'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 117
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : WVLV
Meaning : to be
Eurasiatic : *woɣlV
Afroasiatic : *wVʕ/ɣl- (Sem., Berb., Cush.)
Sino-Caucasian : NC *HVʎU
Reference : МССНЯ 332; ND 2472.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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