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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ŋṑŕa
Meaning: to surpass, win, contest
Russian meaning: превосходить, побеждать, соревноваться
Turkic: *oŕ-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōr-ča-
Japanese: *àràsuap-
Comments: Дыбо 15. Ozawa 170 compares the Jpn. form with Mong. arča- 'to quarrel, fight', but the latter is rather a reflex of *ḗŕa q. v. We should note that the Jpn. form may also belong to a different root, PA *erV 'seek, contest' (a possible Mong.-Turk. isogloss, on which see under *ī́re 'reach').
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *oŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to surpass, win
Russian meaning: превосходить, побеждать
Old Turkic: oz-
Karakhanid: oz- (MK)
Turkish: dial. oz-
Tatar: uz-
Middle Turkic: oz- (Pav. C., Houts., AH, IM
Uzbek: ụz-
Uighur: oz-
Sary-Yughur: joz-
Turkmen: oz-
Khakassian: os-
Kirghiz: oz-
Kazakh: oz-
Noghai: oz-
Bashkir: uδ-
Balkar: oz-
Karaim: oz-
Karakalpak: oz-
Kumyk: oz-
Comments: See VEWT 367, ЭСТЯ 1, 425.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōr-ča-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to contest, to wrestle
Russian meaning: соревноваться, бороться
Evenki: ŋōrča-
Negidal: mōjčan-
Ulcha: wāča-
Orok: wōto- / ŋōto-; ŋu(r)- 'to overcome'
Nanai: wāča-
Comments: ТМС 1, 665.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *àràsuap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to contest
Russian meaning: состязаться, сражаться
Old Japanese: araswop-
Middle Japanese: àràsof-
Tokyo: arasó-
Kyoto: árásó-
Kagoshima: arasó-
Comments: JLTT 676. Kagoshima has irregular tone (àràsò- would be expected).
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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