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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ŋăńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: clear sky
Russian meaning: ясное небо
Turkic: *ańaŕ
Tungus-Manchu: *ńaŋńa
Japanese: *àmâi
Comments: Дыбо 11. In TM one has to suppose a metathesis (typical for roots with two nasals): *ńaŋńa < *ŋań-ŋa.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ańaŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clear sky; frost
Russian meaning: ясное небо; мороз
Old Turkic: ajaz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ajas (MK)
Turkish: ajaz
Tatar: ajaz
Middle Turkic: ajaz (Sangl.), ajaz, ajas (CCum.)
Uzbek: ajɔz
Uighur: ajaz
Sary-Yughur: ajas
Azerbaidzhan: ajaz
Turkmen: ajaz
Khakassian: ajas
Shor: ajas
Oyrat: ajas; ajɨz (dial.)
Halaj: hajāz
Chuvash: ojar
Tuva: ajas
Kirghiz: ajaz
Kazakh: ajaz
Noghai: ajaz
Bashkir: ajaδ
Balkar: ajaz
Gagauz: ajaz
Karaim: ajaz/s
Kumyk: ajaz
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 102-3; VEWT 11; TMN 2, 170; Лексика 13, Федотов 2, 298. A different suffixation is seen in Tur. (dial.) ajam, Kaz., Kirgh. ajɨq 'clear (weather'). A derivative *ań-gɨŕ- (pointing to original *-ń-) is found in Kaz. aŋɨzaq, Turkm. aŋzaq 'cold with dry wind' (see ЭСТЯ ibid.).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńaŋńa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clear sky
Russian meaning: ясное небо
Evenki: ńaŋńa
Even: ńanịn
Negidal: ńaŋńa
Literary Manchu: ńaŋńa
Orok: nāŋna
Oroch: ńaŋńa
Udighe: ńaŋńa
Comments: ТМС 1, 634. Cf. also *ńaŋ-ma- ( > *ńamŋa-) 'to become clear (of sky); to appear (of hoar-frost)' (ТМС 1, 632, 633).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ork,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *àmâi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sky; rain
Russian meaning: небо; дождь
Old Japanese: ame
Middle Japanese: àmè
Tokyo: áme
Kyoto: àmê
Kagoshima: amé
Nase: àmɨ́
Shuri: ámí
Hateruma: àmí
Yonakuni: àmì
Comments: JLTT 381.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ŋańV
Meaning: morning, clear sky
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ai̯-er/n-
Altaic: *ŋăńa
Dravidian: ? *vāṇa 'sky, heaven, rain' (DEDR 5381)
References: ND 1644 *ŋ(Vw)ańV 'sky, cloud' (w/o IE; + Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ay-er/n-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: morning
Avestan: ayarǝ, gen. ayąn n. 'Tag'
Old Greek: ǟ̂ri `früh', , ǟério- `früh, morgendlich'; nebelig'; ā́risto-n n. `Frühstück'
Germanic: *air-a-, comp. adv. *air-iaz, adj. *air-iz-a-n; superl. *air-ist-a-; air-a-n n.
Russ. meaning: утро
References: WP I 2 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *aira-, comp. adv. *airiaz, adj. *airiza-n; superl. *airista-; aira-n n.
Meaning: early, -ier
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: air adv. `early', comp. airis adv. `früher', comp. *airiza adj. `older'
Old Norse: adv. ār `früh', comp. ǟr `früher'; ār-r `frühzeitig', ār n. `Anfang'
Norwegian: adv. ɔr `früh'
Old English: ǟra adj. `earlier, former'; ǟr, comp. m. ǟra, ǟrra, f., n. ǟre, ǟrre, sup. ǟrest adj. `early, former, preceding, ancient'; ǟr, ēra, sup. ǟrost, -est, ǟrst `ere, before, sooner, earlier, formerly, already, some time ago, lately, just now, till, until', ǟr conj. `ere, before that', prp. `before'
English: ere
Old Frisian: ēr `früher'; ērra, ārra `elderly person, ancestor'; ērost, ērist, ērst, ārist, ārst
Old Saxon: ēr `früher', ērist `first'
Middle Dutch: eer, ēre `früher'; eerre; eerst, ērst, ierst
Dutch: eer; eerder; eerst
Old Franconian: ONFrank ēr
Middle Low German: ēr `früher'; ēre(r)
Old High German: ēr (8. Jh) `früher, einst, eher'; ēriro (um 800), ērro `elderly person, ancestor'; ērist `first'
Middle High German: ē, ēr 'früher, vormals; eher, lieber'; comp. ērer, ērre, ërre 'früher, vorig'
German: eher, ehe; erst
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 31
Root: ā̆ier-, ā̆ien-
English meaning: day, morning
German meaning: `Tag, Morgen'
Grammatical comments: n.
Material: Av. ayarǝ, Gen. ayąn n. `Tag'.

    Gr. Lok. *ἀ(ι̯)ερι- in ἄριστον (aus *ai̯eri-d-tom, zu ed- `essen') `Frühstück' (unkontrahiertes ἀέριστον noch herstellbar Hom. Ω 124, π 2); dehnstufiges *ἀ̄(ι̯)ερι in der Ableitung ἠέριος `morgendlich', kontrahiert in ἦρι `morgens'. Anders Risch 105.

    Got. air, aisl. ār, Adv. `frühe' (ebenfalls Lok. *ai̯eri), dazu Kompar. got. airiza `früher', Adv. airis = ags. ǣr, ahd. ēr, nhd. eher, ehe; Superl. ags. ǣrest, ahd. ērist, nhd. erst.

References: WP. I 3, Feist 24b.

    Vielleicht zu ā̆i-4.

Pages: 12
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-grammar,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *vān-
Meaning : 1 sky 2 rain
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *vān-
Proto-Telugu : *vān-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *vān-
Proto-North Dravidian : *ban-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *vān-
Meaning : sky
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vān_, vān_am
Tamil meaning : sky, cloud, rain
Tamil derivates : vān_avan_ a celestial being; vān_ōr celestials; mān_am sky
Malayalam : vān, vānam, mānam
Malayalam meaning : sky, heaven
Kannada : bān, bāna, bāṇa, bām
Kannada meaning : sky
Kodagu : bāṇa
Kodagu meaning : sky
Tulu : bāna, bāṇa
Tulu meaning : sky
Proto-Nilgiri : *vān-ăm
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) bāṇa sky
Number in DED : 5381
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *vān-ăm
Meaning : sky
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : vānm
Toda : pōn
Additional forms : Also Kota vānt ūr sky (village in the sky); Toda kax fōn sky (black sky; in songs)
Number in DED : 5381
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *vān-
Meaning : rain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : vāna
Number in DED : 5381
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *vān-
Meaning : rain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : vāna
Naikri : vāna
Naiki : vāna
Parji : vāni (stem vān-)
Ollari Gadba : vāyin
Salur Gadba : vāyin
Number in DED : 5381
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *ban-
Meaning : a current or flood of water caused by heavy rain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malto : bani
Number in DED : 5381
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : NVNV
Meaning : night, dawn
Eurasiatic : ? *ŋańV 'morning, clear sky'
Afroasiatic : *naw/yn-
Amerind (misc.) : ? *nunta 'moon' (R 477) [+ K]
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-amer,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *naw/yn-
Meaning: night
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Egyptian: nn (gr) 'night'
Western Chadic: *nwan- 'shadow'
East Chadic: *ʔi-nyan- 'night'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: nn (gr)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'night'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *nwan-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'shadow'
Dera=Kanakuru: nóonì
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-der,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *ʔi-nyan-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'night'
Ndam: ʔīnyán [CLR: 257]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-ndm,

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