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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ni̯ắŋe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to curse, swear
Russian meaning: ругать
Turkic: *jAŋɨl
Mongolian: *niɣül-, -g-
Tungus-Manchu: *niŋī-
Japanese: *nǝ́nǝ́sír-
Comments: A common derivative *ni̯ắŋe-lV is reflected in PT *jaŋɨ-l = PM *nigü-l = Sol. niŋī-l.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jAŋɨl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mistake, fault 2 to err, make a mistake
Russian meaning: 1 ошибка, вина 2 ошибаться
Old Turkic: jaŋɨl- 2, jaŋluq 1(Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaŋɨl- 2, jaŋluq 1(MK)
Turkish: janlɨš 1, janɨl- 2
Tatar: jalɣɨš- 2
Middle Turkic: jaɣɨl- (Бор. Бад., Ettuhf., Pav. C.) 2
Uzbek: jaŋliš- 2
Uighur: jeŋil-, jaŋliš- 2
Sary-Yughur: jaŋɨl 1
Azerbaidzhan: janlɨš 1
Turkmen: jalŋɨš 1, jalŋɨš- 2
Shor: nāl- 2
Oyrat: jaŋɨl-, d́aŋɨl- 2
Kirghiz: ǯaŋɨl- 2
Kazakh: žaŋɨl- 2
Bashkir: jaŋɨlɨš- 2
Gagauz: jannɨš 1
Karaim: jaŋɨl-, jaŋɣɨl- 2
Kumyk: jaŋɨl-, jaŋlɨš- 2
Comments: VEWT 186, EDT 950, 951, ЭСТЯ 4, 120-121. Suffixless *jaŋ is poorly attested and probably does not exist.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *niɣül-, -g-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sin, evil 2 to be compassionate
Russian meaning: 1 грех 2 сострадать
Written Mongolian: nigül 1, nigüles- 2 (L 582)
Middle Mongolian: niwol (IM) 1
Khalkha: nügel 1, nigǖl-se- 2
Buriat: nügel 1
Kalmuck: nǖl 1
Ordos: nǖl, nigǖl 1
Dagur: nugul (Тод. Даг. 158) 1
Comments: KW 283.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *niŋī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, damn
Russian meaning: проклинать
Evenki: niŋī-
Even: ńiŋi-
Negidal: niŋi-
Orok: niŋiči-
Solon: niŋīl (n.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 598.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ork,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *nǝ́nǝ́sír-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, swear
Russian meaning: ругать, порицать
Middle Japanese: nónósír-
Tokyo: nonoshír-
Kyoto: nónóshír-
Kagoshima: nonoshír-
Comments: JLTT 737. The Tokyo accent is aberrant; otherwise all forms point to high tone.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *nVŋV
Meaning: to curse
Altaic: *ni̯áŋe 'ругать, проклинать'
Dravidian: SDR nuṇ-ai (3108) 'calumny' (DEDR 3703)
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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