Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *nĭmči(-k`V)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fat in the intestines, fat food, roe
Russian meaning: кишечный жир, жирная пища, икра
Turkic: *(j)inčgek
Mongolian: *nimǯi-ge, *nümǯi-ge
Tungus-Manchu: *nim(u)kse
Comments: Лексика 151. A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *(j)inčgek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: milt, roe
Russian meaning: икра
Tatar: inči, jincɛ (Sib.)
Yakut: iskex
Dolgan: istek
Comments: VEWT 172, 203, Лексика 151, Stachowski 129.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *nimǯi-ge, *nümǯi-ge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sheep fat
Russian meaning: бараний жир
Written Mongolian: nümǯige (L 597)
Khalkha: nünǯig, nümǯig
Buriat: nemžege(n), ünžege(n)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nim(u)kse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 stomach (of animals) 2 intestine fat
Russian meaning: 1 желудок животного, содержимое желудка 2 кишечный жир, животное сало
Evenki: nimne 1
Even: nimne 2
Negidal: nimtumu 'smell of fat'
Spoken Manchu: nimǝŋǝ 'grease, fat; vegetable oil' (340)
Literary Manchu: nimeŋgi 2
Orok: numiśe 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 314, 594, 595.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ork,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *ńVŋzwV
Meaning: intestines
Indo-European: *(i̯)enst-
Altaic: *nĭm[ǯ]i(-k`V)
Uralic: *ńiŋśe
Dravidian: *nenǯ-
Comments: IE perhaps rather to *jVnčV.
References: Räs. VEWT Ur-Alt
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *enǝst-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: kidney
Slavic: *jьsto, -ese `Niere, pl. Nieren, Hoden'
Baltic: *in̂st-r-a- (2) n., *in̂st-iā̃ f.; *eñks-jā̂ f., *in̂ks-t-a- c., -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *inst-r-a- m., *inst-r-ōn- f.; *ai(n)st-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: почка (анат.)
References: WP I 166 f (differently in Pok.)
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: исто
Near etymology: II., род. п. истесе "почка", др.-русск., ст.-слав. исто, род. п. истесе, дв. истесѣ (Супр.), русск.-цслав. также ıестесѣ им. дв. "мошонка" (Изборн. Святосл. 1073 г.), об-истье ср. р. "почки", словен. obȋst ж. "почка", obȋstje ср. р. "почки".
Further etymology: Родственно др.-исл. eista ж. "ядро, яичко"; см. И. Шмидт, Vok. 2, 470; Бернекер 1, 434; Траутман, ВSW 105; Фортунатов, Лекции 270; Хольтхаузен, Awn. Wb. 48; Миккола, Ursl. Gr. 71; IF 16, 98. Неясно отношение к др.-прусск. inхcze ж., лит. ìnkstas м. "почка", диал. также "яичко", лтш. īkstis; см. Лоренц, AfslPh 18, 86; Траутман, Арr. Sprd. 347; Педерсен, IF 5, 43; Бернекер, там же.
Pages: 2,143
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *in̂st-r-a- (2) n., *in̂st-iā̃ f.; *eñks-jā̂ f., *in̂ks-t-a- c., -iā̃ f.
Meaning: intestines
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: į́ščiōs pl. t.`Schoss, Eingeweide'; ìnkstas, l. ìnkstai/inkstaĩ; inksti-s, gen. -ies/-čio `Niere'
Lettish: îstrs, pl. îstri `Niere'; ìekša `Inneres, Inwendiges', pl. ìekšas `Eingeweide'; îksts (gen. -s) 'Niere', pl. īkši `Niere'
Old Prussian: instran `Schmer (жир, сало)' V. 133; inxcze (*inkste> `Niere(n)' V. 128
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *instra-z, *instrōn; *ai(n)stōn
Meaning: intestines
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: īstr m., īstra f. `Fetthülle der Eingeweide'; eista f. `Hode'
Norwegian: istra; eista
Swedish: ister
Danish: ister
Middle Low German: inster, inser `Eingeweide des Schlachtsviehes'
Low German: inser `animal's inner edible body part'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-mlg,germet-lg,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 637
Proto: *ńiŋśe
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: fish milt
German meaning: Fischmilch
Finnish: niiska, niska, liiska 'Fischmilch'
Estonian: niisk (gen. niisa), dial. niisak (gen. niisaku)
Khanty (Ostyak): ńĕɣsǝŋ (V), ńĕksǝŋ (Trj.), ńĕŋksǝŋ (DN), ńĕksǝm (Kam.), ńisǝŋ (O)
Mansi (Vogul): ńäńćī (TJ), ńinś (KM P) 'Fischmilch', ńisǝŋ (Sö.) 'mit Fischmilch'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *nenǯ-
Meaning : 1 pith 2 heart
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *nenǯ-
Proto-Telugu : *nenǯ-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *dinǯ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nenǯ-
Notes : Dissimilation in PKG?
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *nenǯ-
Meaning : heart; mind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : neñcu, neñcam
Tamil meaning : mind, conscience, heart, breast, bosom, chest, centre or heart of a thing, bravery, courage
Tamil derivates : neñcuḷ mind; neñcuḷu (-pp-, -tt-) to be broken-hearted, dispirited
Malayalam : neñcu, neññu
Malayalam meaning : heart, breast
Malayalam derivates : neñcar bold men
Kodagu : neññi, (Mercara dialect) ñeññi
Kodagu meaning : chest of body
Proto-Nilgiri : *nenʒǐ
Number in DED : 3736
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nilgiri etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nilgiri : *nenʒǐ (?)
Meaning : heart, dewlap
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : nanj
Toda : nɨʒ
Notes : Extremely irregular vowel correspondences. External evidence points to *-e-, but this can only account for Toda nɨʒ (cf. the development of PN *kevǐ); Kota -a- remains completely unexplained.
Number in DED : 3736
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *nenǯ-
Meaning : uneasiness, distress, trouble of mind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : nenjili
Number in DED : 3736
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *dinǯ-
Meaning : pith
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : diññi
Number in DED : 3736
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nenǯ-
Meaning : pith; center, chest
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *nenǯ-
Konda : ninjam
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *nenǯ-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ninǯ-a
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *nenǯ-
Meaning : mango stone
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Maria Gondi (Smith) : nènjomee
Number in DED : 3736
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_lu_s,gonet-dednum,

Search within this database


Konda etymology :

Search within this database
Konda : ninjam
Meaning: chest (BB)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3736
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

Search within this database


Pengo-Manda etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *nenǯ-
Meaning : chest
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : nenjom, nenja ḍaki
Manda : nenjaḍaki
Additional Forms : Also Pengo nenja pith (of a coconut)
Number in DED : 3736
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-addition,pemet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kui-Kuwi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ninǯ-a
Meaning : heart, kernel
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : ninja "heart of a tree, pith; solid, sound, uncracked, strong"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : linja "kernel, yolk of egg"
Sunkarametta Kuwi : linja "pulp of fruit"
Kuwi (Israel) : linja "yolk of egg"
Number in DED : 3736
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
100334357568
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov