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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ńā̀na
Meaning: to turn back; again
Russian meaning: поворачивать назад; снова
Turkic: *jAn-
Tungus-Manchu: *ńān
Japanese: *mani-ma
Comments: The Turkic root is verbal, but it is worth noting adverbial usage of the root in all branches where it is attested.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jAn-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to turn back 2 again
Russian meaning: 1 поворачивать назад 2 снова
Old Turkic: jan- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), jana 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jan- 1 (MK), jana 2 (MK)
Turkish: jine, jene 2
Tatar: jan- 1, jɛnɛ 2
Middle Turkic: jan- 1, jana 2 (Бор. Бад., Abush.)
Uzbek: jɔn- 1, jana 2
Uighur: jan- 1, jana 2
Sary-Yughur: jan- 1
Azerbaidzhan: jenä 2
Turkmen: jene 2
Khakassian: nan- 1
Shor: nan- 1
Oyrat: jan-, d́an- 1
Tuva: čan- 1
Kirghiz: ǯan- 1, ǯana 2
Kazakh: žäne 2
Noghai: jana 2
Bashkir: jänä 2
Karaim: jana, janɨ, jane 2
Karakalpak: žäne 2
Comments: EDT 941-942, 943, ЭСТЯ 4, 111-112, 114-115.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńān
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: again, once more
Russian meaning: снова, еще раз
Evenki: ńān
Even: ńān
Negidal: ńān
Nanai: ńā
Oroch: ńa
Udighe: ńa
Solon: nā̃
Comments: ТМС 1, 633.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *mani-ma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: in the same state
Russian meaning: в прежнем, том же самом состоянии
Old Japanese: manima
Middle Japanese: mámá
Tokyo: mamá
Kyoto: mámá
Kagoshima: máma
Comments: JLTT 471 (not mentioning OJ mani-ma). Original accent is not quite clear due to a secondary contraction in all modern dialects.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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