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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mṓjńo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: neck
Russian meaning: шея
Turkic: *bōjn
Mongolian: *mundaɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *moń-ga-n, *moń-pen
Korean: *mjǝ-k
Japanese: *nǝmpV
Comments: EAS 98, Poppe 34, 67 (Turk.-Tung.), АПиПЯЯ 53, 280, Дыбо 5, Лексика 234. In Japanese, unfortunately, only Ryukyu forms are attested, which probably underwent an influence of the PJ root *nǝmp- 'to stretch, lengthen'; still, the origin of the Ryukyu stem from this PA root seems probable. The Kor. form is morphologically = PT *bojnak < *mojńo-k`V; cf. also MKor. mǝ̀ŋ-'ǝ́i 'yoke, harness' with preservation of nasal. The TM form also reflects velar suffixation (*mojn-ga-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bōjn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: neck
Russian meaning: шея
Old Turkic: bojɨn (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bojun, bojɨn (MK), bojun (KB)
Turkish: bojun
Tatar: mujɨn
Middle Turkic: bojn, bojun (Sangl., MA)
Uzbek: bụjin
Uighur: bojun
Sary-Yughur: mojin
Azerbaidzhan: bojun
Turkmen: bojun
Khakassian: mojɨn
Shor: mojun
Oyrat: mojun
Halaj: būun
Chuvash: mъj
Yakut: mōj
Dolgan: muoj
Tuva: mojun
Tofalar: möän (mojnu)
Kirghiz: mojun
Kazakh: mojɨn
Noghai: mojɨn
Bashkir: mujɨn
Balkar: bojun
Gagauz: bojnu
Karaim: bojun
Karakalpak: mojɨn
Salar: bojnɨ
Kumyk: bojun
Comments: VEWT 80, EDT 386, ЭСТЯ 2, 180-182, Лексика 233-234, Stachowski 183. Turk. forms like Kirgh. mojnoq > Mong. Kh. moinog 'Wamme' (see Щербак 1997, 108).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *mundaɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crest, withers (of a horse)
Russian meaning: холка (лошади)
Written Mongolian: mundaɣa (L 551)
Khalkha: mundā
Buriat: mundā
Kalmuck: mundā
Ordos: mundā
Comments: KW 268.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *moń-ga-n, *moń-pen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: neck
Russian meaning: шея
Evenki: moŋon, meŋun; meŋer 'counter, scruff'
Negidal: moŋon
Spoken Manchu: muŋan 'throat' (63), mifin (60)
Literary Manchu: moŋgon, meifen
Jurchen: mei-fen (509) 'neck, throat'
Ulcha: moŋgo(n)
Orok: moŋo(n)
Nanai: moŋo(n)
Oroch: moŋo(n)
Udighe: müö (< *moń-gi?); moŋoli 'necklace; collar'
Comments: ТМС 1, 538, 546, 570, Дыбо 1996, 254-255.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *mjǝ-k
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: neck, throat
Russian meaning: шея, горло
Modern Korean: mjǝk
Middle Korean: mjǝk
Comments: Nam 213, KED 619.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *nǝmpV
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: neck
Russian meaning: шея
Hateruma: nùbùsɨ́Ń
Yonakuni: nùbí
Comments: A local Ryukyu word: Hateruma nùbùsɨ́Ń, Yonaguni nùbí.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mojnV
Meaning: neck, crest
Indo-European: *mon-
Altaic: *mṓjno
Dravidian: *mojmp-
Eskimo-Aleut: *mańu[ŋ]
References: ND 1450 *moy(V)ŋV 'neck, nape' (IE-Alt).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *mony-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: withers, crest, mane
Old Indian: mányā f. `back or nape of neck'
Avestan: minu- 'Halsgeschmeide' (i < ǝ), manaoyrī 'Hals, Nacken'
Old Greek: mánno-s, mónno-s m. 'necklace', Dor., Poll.5.99; mánnos, glossed maniákion, Sch.Theoc.I 1.41; ? măniákēs, -ọ̄ m. 'necklace, torc, worn of gold by Persians and Gauls, Plb.; LXX; Plu, etc., măniákǟ f. PMon., măniákion n. Sch.Theoc.; maniaks = maniákēs Gloss.
Slavic: *monīsto
Germanic: *manj-a- n., -m., *man-ō f., *man-k-an- m.
Latin: monīle, -is n. `Halsband'
Celtic: OIr muin- `Hals': muin-torc `Halskette', muinēl `Hals', for-mnae `Schulter' (< *for-moni̯o-), muince `collarium', mong `Mähne, Haar'; OCymr minci `monile', Cymr mwn, mwnwgl `Hals', mwng `Mähne'
Russ. meaning: загривок, грива
References: WP II 305
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: мони́сто
Near etymology: "ожерелье (из жемчуга, монет)", укр. мони́сто, диал. нами́сто, ст.-слав. монисто, болг. мони́сто, полаб. müönéist᾽а "коралл".
Further etymology: Производное от и.-е. *monī- "шея", подобно лат. monīle "ожерелье; конская грива", ср. др.-инд. mаnуā "затылок", д.-в.-н. mana "грива", д.-в.-н. menni "ожерелье", ирл. muintorc "ожерелье", muinēl "шея", галльск. μανιάκης "повязка на шею" (Полибий), греч. μάννον, μαννάκιον, μόννος "ожерелье" (Г. Майер, Alb. Wb. 257); ср. Бернекер 2, 76; Траутман, ВSW 169; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 33; Торп 309; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 211, 216; Шпехт 95. Сюда же относит Буга (РФВ 72, 192) еще лит. manẽlis "мишура", manelė "браслет, запястье", maneliai мн. "оковы, кандалы". Недостоверно. Образование на -istо выделяется своим своеобразием.
Pages: 2,650
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *manja-n, -z, *manō, *mankēn
Meaning: mane
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: men n. `Halsschmuck, Geschmiede', mɔn `Mähne', makki m. `id.'; man-r `mit einer Mähne'
Norwegian: mɔn; manke `oberer Halsteil des Pferdes'
Swedish: man; manke `Wamme'
Danish: manke `Mähne'
Old English: mene (myne), -es m. `necklace, ornament', manu, -an f. `Mähne'
Old Frisian: mona m.
Middle Dutch: pl. mānen
Dutch: pl. manen
Middle Low German: māne
Old High German: menni `Halsgeschmeide'; mana f. `Mähne' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: pl. mɛne, mɛnī st. f., manine st./wk. f. 'fuhre, fuhrwerk, gespann; frondienst mi fuhrwerk'; man(e) st. f., st./wk. 'mähne'; man (-nn-) 'menschenhaar'
German: Mähne f.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1325
Root: mono-
English meaning: neck
German meaning: `Nacken, Hals'
General comments: in Ableitungen (bes. mit Formans , -i̯o-) auch `Halskette, Halsschmuck'
Material: Ai. mányā f. `Nacken'; av. minu- `Halsgeschmeide' (i aus avest. ǝ) und mit Hochstufe manaoɵrī `Hals, Nacken' (*mon-eu-tro-); päon. μόν-απος, -ωπος `Wisent' (`mähnenartig'); gall.-gr. μανιάκης, μάννος, μαννάκιον `Halsband keltischer Völker' (μόννος dorisch?); lat. monīle `Halsband als Schmuck' (von *monī- wie abg. moni-sto); air. muin- `Hals' in muin-torc `Halskette', muinēl `Hals'(*moniklo-), cymr. mwn, mwnwgl `Hals'; air. formnae `Schulter' (*for-moni̯o-); air. muince `collarium', Lw. aus acymr. minci `monile' (aus mwng `Mähne' + ci, s. oben S. 518); aus *monii̯o- `Hals': cymr. mynydd `Berg', corn. meneth, abr. -monid, bret. menez ds.; aisl. men, ags. mene, ahd. menni (*mani̯an) `Halsgeschmeide', aisl. mǫn, ags. manu, ahd. mana (germ. *manō) `Mähne'; aksl. monisto `Halsband', polab. mimeístia `Koralle'; mit formantischem g: mir. mong `Mähne, Haar', cymr. mwng `Mähne', aisl. makke `oberer Teil des Pferdehalses', dän. manke `Mähne'; vielleicht hierher illyr. (paeon.) μόναπος, -ωπος `Wisent' (`mähnenartig');
References: WP. II 305, WH. II 108, Trautmann 169, J. Loth RC 45, 196 ff.
See also: vgl. oben S. 726 men- `emporragen'.
Pages: 747-748
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *mojmp-
Meaning : shoulder
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *moj-mp-
Proto-Telugu : *mūmp
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *mōp-a
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *moj-mp-
Meaning : shoulder
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : moympu
Tamil meaning : shoulder
Malayalam : muẓippu
Malayalam meaning : shoulder
Kannada : muy, muy(i)vu, muyibu, muḍupu, muḍuhu
Kannada meaning : upper part of the arm, shoulderblade, shoulder
Tulu : muḍu
Tulu meaning : shoulder joint
Proto-Nilgiri : *mūḍ
Miscellaneous : KURU (LSB 1.11) mirpu shoulder
Notes : A complicated case. The forms can be traced back to *moj- (Tamil, half of the Kannada forms) or to *muḍ- (Kota, Tulu, the second half of Kannada forms). Malayal. muṛippu is < *muḍippu through contamination with muṛi joint. These two groups of forms are probably unrelated, although the possibility of relation cannot be included. It should be noted that there is a whole 'family' of words with the structure *muṛ-, *muḍ-, *muṭ-, etc., with the meaning 'joint, knot', etc., so it would be hard to make any final judgement.
Number in DED : 5122
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *mūḍ
Meaning : shoulder joint
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : mūṛ
Number in DED : 5122
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *mūmp
Meaning : upper part of the back, shoulder
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mū̃pu
Additional forms : Also mū̃paramu hump on the shoulders of an ox
Number in DED : 5122
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *mōp-a
Meaning : shoulder
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : mipi
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *mōp-a
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mōp-a
Notes : In Konda contamination with nipi.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : mipi
Meaning: shoulder (BB)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3671
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *mōp-a
Meaning : shoulder
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Manda : mūpa
Number in DED : 5122
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mōp-a
Meaning : upper arm, shoulder
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : mōpo "upper arm"
Kuwi (Schulze) : mōpa with'nai "to shrug"
Kuwi (Israel) : mōpa "outer edge of the shoulder"
Number in DED : 5122
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *mańu[ŋ]
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: lower part in front of hood below neck, breastplate
Russian meaning: передняя нижняя часть капюшона под шеей, нагрудник
Proto-Yupik: *mańu(ŋ)
Proto-Inupik: *manu(Г)
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 191
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *mańu(ŋ)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: breastplate, bib 1, part of capote under chin 2, front side of sth. 3, apron, front lap 4
Russian Meaning: нагрудник 1, часть капюшона кухлянки у подбородка 2, место впереди чего-либо 3, передняя пола 4
Sirenik: majúʁnǝχ 'breast, bent of keel', //mana 2, 3 'area in front of sth., front part of clothing covering chin and neck' [Em.]
Chaplino: manú (t) 3, manúŋītaq (t) 1 'fur breastplate'
Naukan: mánu, //manuilitak 1 'smock's breastplate' [Av.], manúxkaq 2
Chugach (AAY): manumi 3 'in the foremost hand' [B.-S.], manuani 'under a mountain', PWS manu 4
Koniag (AAY): AP manu 4
Central Alaskan Yupik: manu- 3 (posit.), manuqɫiq (ʁ) 'foremost one', manuilitaq 1, 4, manusūxtǝ- 'to bow one's head'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 191
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-chug,yupet-koni,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *manu(Г)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: lower part in front of hood below neck 1, breastplate, bib 2, front of (snow) house, house entrance 3
Russian meaning: передняя нижняя часть капюшона под шеей 1, нагрудник 2, передняя чать снежной землянки, вход 3
Seward Peninsula Inupik: manu 1, manuilitaq 2
SPI Dialects: Imaq manú 2, manúîlitaq, manúkšaq 1
North Alaskan Inupik: manu 1, 2, manuilisaq, manuʁun 2, manusuk- 'put one's chin inside parka'
Western Canadian Inupik: manu 1, 'lower part of fish head', manuilitaq 2
WCI Dialects: Car manuaq [Ras.] 3
Eastern Canadian Inupik: manu 1, manuilitaq 2, manuaq 3
Greenlandic Inupik: manu 1, 'place between neck and breast', manuqut 2
GRI Dialects: NG manuaq [Holt.] 3
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 191
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

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