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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mi̯uŕu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to press, damage
Russian meaning: давить, вредить
Turkic: *buŕ- / *boŕ-
Tungus-Manchu: *muru-
Korean: *mīr-
Comments: See also notes to *bùro.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *buŕ- / *boŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to damage, destroy
Russian meaning: причинять вред, разрушать
Old Turkic: buz- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: buz- (MK, KB)
Turkish: boz-
Tatar: boz-
Middle Turkic: buz- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: buz-
Uighur: buz-
Sary-Yughur: puz-
Azerbaidzhan: poz-
Turkmen: boz-
Khakassian: pus-
Shor: puza-
Oyrat: bus-
Halaj: puz- ( < Ogh.?)
Chuvash: pъʷs-
Tuva: bus-
Kirghiz: buz-
Kazakh: buz-
Noghai: buz-
Bashkir: boδ-
Balkar: buz-
Gagauz: boz-
Karaim: buz- (T,H,K)
Karakalpak: buz-
Kumyk: buz-
Comments: EDT 389, VEWT 91, TMN 2, 337, Федотов 1 404, Егоров 150, ЭСТЯ 7. -s- in Chuv. may be explained either as a loan from Kypch. or as a reflex of the old cluster -ŕs- (Мудрак Дисс. 98).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *muru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to press 2 to oppress 3 to touch
Russian meaning: 1 давить 2 притеснять 3 задеть, зацепить
Even: murke- 2, mụrlā- 3
Literary Manchu: muri(nǯa)- 'be stubborn'
Ulcha: murū- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 559, 532.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *mīr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to push, press
Russian meaning: толкать, давить
Modern Korean: mīl-, mīl-čhi-
Middle Korean: mīr'oat-, mī-či-
Comments: Nam 233, 234, KED 696, 698.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *muŕV
Meaning: crush
Indo-European: *mor-
Altaic: *mi̯uŕu
Uralic: *mura (*murV)
Kartvelian: *mor-
Dravidian: *mur_-i- (*-d_-) (or *mūr- 961)
References: МССНЯ 359, ОСНЯ 2, 75-76; ND 1463 *murV (with somewhat differ. Alt. + ECush.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *mor[a]-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to rub, to pound
Hittite: marrija- (I) 'zerstückeln?, zerkleinern?' (Friedrich 136)
Old Indian: mr̥ṇā́ti, pass. mūryáte, ptc. mūrṇá- `to crush, smash, break, destroy'; ā-marītár- m. `destroyer'
Old Greek: marái̯nō `auslöschen, vernichten, aufreiben', m.-p. `erlöschen, dahinschwinden, abzeheren', ? márnamai̯ `kämpfe, sich bekämpfen'
Germanic: *mar-ja- vb.; *mur-n-ō f.; *mur-[ɵ]-a- n.
Latin: morētum, -ī n. `Mörsengericht', mortārium, -ī n.`Mörser; Mörtelpfanne, Mörtel'
Russ. meaning: тереть, дробить
References: WP II 276 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *marjan-; *murnō; *mur[ɵ]a-n
Meaning: break; debris
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: merja wk. `schlagen, zerschlagen'; morn f. `Schwindsucht' (poet.); morδ n. `Menge'; mɔrn; NIsl mor `Staub, Menge'
Norwegian: dial. mürja `Masse'; mornesjukdom; mord `grosse Fangst'; dial. mor `verschimmelte Masse'
Old Swedish: morɵ `bröckelige Masse, Abfall'
Swedish: mörja `Masse'; dial. mor(d) `bröckelige Masse, Abfall', molrik `steinreich' (-l- < -rd-); dial. mɔr `verschimmelte Masse'
Danish: dial. mɔr `schwargefärbter Sand an der Erdoberfläche'
Old High German: { meren `zerschlagen' }
Middle High German: ? mërn wk. 'brot in wein od. wasser tauchen u. erweichen, so essen (bes. vom abendmahle Christi); umrühren, mischen'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 573
Proto: *mura (*murV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: piece, crumb; break into pieces
German meaning: Stück, Krümchen; zerbröckeln, zerbrechen (tr. intr.)
Finnish: murakka 'mürbe, locker', murea 'locker, bröcklich', murene- 'sich zerbröckeln', muru 'Stückchen, Brocken', murta- 'biegend brechen, zerbrechen'
Estonian: mure (gen. mureda) 'brüchig, bröckelig, mürbe, rosch', murenda- 'mürbe machen, zerbröckeln'
Saam (Lapp): moarrâ- -r- (N) 'break to pieces', mǫrre -r- 'crumb, little bit', muor'hka- (L) 'morsch, brüchig werden' ?
Khanty (Ostyak): mɔri̮- (V), morǝj- (DN), mari- (O) 'bersten, zerbrechen' (intr.)
Mansi (Vogul): mor- (KU), mur- (So.) 'надломиться', morl- (KU), murl- (So.) 'надломить'
Hungarian: mar- 'beißen, nagen', morzsa 'Krümchen, Brösel', morzsol- 'bröckeln, bröseln'
Nenets (Yurak): mardā- (O) 'durchbrechen, zerbrechen (tr.)', mardo- id. (intr.)
Enets (Yen): moðeiʔ- (Ch.), morei- (B) 'zerbrechen (intr.), moðeʔi- (Ch.), moreʔe- (B) id. (tr.)
Nganasan (Tawgi): marúʔá- 'zerbrechen (intr.)', marụʔá- id. (tr.)
Selkup: morru (NP) 'Stück, Bissen', morna- 'zerschlagen, zerbrechen', murālta- (TaM) 'zerkrümeln, zerbröckeln', morena-, morel- (Ty.) 'brechen, knicken'
Kamass: bǝ̑rujdābǝ- 'brechen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *mor-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ломать
English meaning: to break
Georgian: mor- 'to trim (fallen trees)'
Svan: mur-in-
Notes and references: В ОСНЯ 1, 75-76 основа сравнивается с ПИЕ *mer- 'дробить, крошить', урал. *mura 'хрупкий, ломкий', драв. *murV / *mur_V 'ломать, разбивать', алт. *miuŕu 'повреждать' < ностр. *murV.
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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *mur_-i- (*-d_-)
Meaning : to break, crush
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *mur_-i-
Proto-Telugu : *mur_-ij-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *mur_-i-
Meaning : to break
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : mur_i (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to break, give way as a branch, be defeated, discomfited, perish, cease to exist
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to break (as a stick), cut, discontinue; n. piece, half, broken half of coconut, piece of cloth, deed, written bond, ola receipt, part of village or town, room; mur_iccal breaking, indigence, want; mur_ippu antidote, estrangement, breach of friendship; mur_iyal breaking; mur_ivu id., breach, rupture, fracture, enmity; antidote; mur_ukku (mur_ukki-) to break
Malayalam : mur_i
Malayalam meaning : fragment, piece of cloth, room, chamber, apartment, parish, hamlet, a note, bond
Malayalam derivates : mur_ikka to break, cut, wound, decide, settle; mur_iccal breach; mur_ippikka to cause to cut down; mur_iyan cutting; mur_iyuka to break through or in pieces, be wounded, be decided, curdle as milk; mur_ivu breach, wound; mūr_uka to cut up vegetables
Kannada : mur_i
Kannada meaning : to occasion a flaw in a thing by bending it, sever by fracture, break, break off as leaves, fruits, etc., crush, break down, defeat, rout, destroy, break up, put an end to, do away; break (intr.), become weakened in constitution, lose strength, be impaired; n. fragment, piece, broken or torn-off particle, state of being broken, broken off, etc.
Kannada derivates : mur_ige, mur_uyuvike breaking, etc.; mur_ivu crushing, destruction; mur_isu to cause to break, cause to crush, get changed as large money into smaller; mur_uka, mur_aka man who breaks or ruins, maimed man, imbecile; mur_ukatana breaking, ruining; mur_uku fragment, bit (as of bread); mur_uva, mur_ava a maimed, imbecile wretch
Tulu : mudipuni, mudupuni
Tulu meaning : to pluck out
Tulu derivates : muyipuni to pluck off
Number in DED : 5008
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *mur_-ij-
Meaning : to be broken, severed; n. piece, crumb
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : mur_iyu
Additional forms : Also (K) mur_ugu to be crushed
Number in DED : 5008
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_kr,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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