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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`[ŭ]ri
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to rake up
Russian meaning: сгребать
Turkic: *küre-
Mongolian: *kura-, *kurija-
Tungus-Manchu: *xeri- / *xeru-
Japanese: *kur-
Comments: EAS 97, KW 248, Poppe 79, Цинциус 1984, 121-122. The etymology seems quite probable, although the TM vocalism is not clear (a result of some contamination?). For Jpn., however, cf. alternatively PA *kū̀rV 'to cut out' or PA *k`uli 'dig' q. v.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *küre-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rake 2 spade, shovel
Russian meaning: 1 сгребать 2 лопата
Karakhanid: küri- (MK) 1, kürgäk (MK) 2
Turkish: kürü- 1, kürek 2
Tatar: körɛ- 1, körɛk 2
Middle Turkic: küre- 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: kurɛ- 1
Uighur: kürɛ- 1, kurɛk 2
Azerbaidzhan: kürü-, kürä- 1, küräk 2
Turkmen: kürek 2
Khakassian: küre- 1
Oyrat: küre- 1, kürek 2
Halaj: kürgɛk 2
Chuvash: kǝʷreźe 2
Yakut: kürt- 1
Dolgan: kürt- 1
Tuva: xǖrek, kürüjek (Todzh.)
Tofalar: xürüj̃ek
Kirghiz: kürö- 1, kürök 2
Kazakh: küre- 1, kürek 2
Noghai: küre- 1, kürek 2
Bashkir: körɛ- 1, körɛk 2
Balkar: küre- 1
Gagauz: kürü- 1, kürek 2
Karakalpak: gürek 2
Kumyk: küre- 1, kürek 2
Comments: VEWT 310, ЭСТЯ 5, 150-152, Stachowski 166. Turk. *küre-ček > MMong. kürǯek, WMong. kürǯe, see Щербак 1997, 129 (borrowed back > Yak. kürǯex, Dolg. kürǯek, see Stachowski ibid.).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kura-, *kurija-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to gather, collect
Russian meaning: собирать
Written Mongolian: qura-, qurija- (L 987, 989)
Middle Mongolian: xurija- (HY 40)
Khalkha: xura-, xurā-
Buriat: xuŕā-
Kalmuck: xurǝ-, xurā- (КРC)
Ordos: xura-
Dongxian: Gura-
Baoan: Gorudǝ-
Dagur: xori- (Тод. Даг. 178), xorē- (Тод. Даг. 177: xoŕē-), hore-, hurā (MD 164, 167)
Shary-Yoghur: χurā-
Monguor: xurā- (SM 183)
Comments: KW 197, 198, MGCD 390. Mong. > Kirgh. qura- etc., see ЭСТЯ 6, 157-158.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeri- / *xeru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rake up 2 to sweep
Russian meaning: 1 сгребать 2 подметать
Evenki: eru- 1
Even: er- 1
Negidal: ej- 1
Literary Manchu: eri- 2
Ulcha: xeru- 1
Orok: xeri- 1
Nanai: xeti- 1 (*xer-či-)
Oroch: ei- 1
Udighe: eju, ejeu 'shovel'
Solon: erū̃ 'shovel'
Comments: ТМС 2, 462. Despite Doerfer MT 21 the word has nothing to do with Mong. erü- 'to dig' (see under *p`i̯ŏ̀ŕe).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to delve
Russian meaning: долбить
Middle Japanese: kur-
Tokyo: kur-
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳOrV (*gw-?)
Meaning: to scrape
Indo-European: *ghrebh-
Altaic: *k`[ŭ]ri
Uralic: *korV (*korwV) (cf. also *kora (*kura-) , *kurV)
Dravidian: *kōr_-
References: ND 675 *goRVb/pV 'to scratch, scrape' (IE + Ur. + Drav. + Sem.) [In ND 1932 *[q̇]o(w/ʔV)rV 'tooth, tusk' Drav. *kōr_- is compared with SH *ḳwVr- 'tooth, tusk'].
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ghrebh-
Meaning: to scrape, to dig, to bury
Slavic: *grebǭ, *gre(s)tī (contamination with *ghrAbh-); *grьbḗtī `begraben liegen'; *grobъ; *grebenь; *pogrēbātī
Baltic: *greb- vb. tr., *greb-l-ia- c.
Germanic: *grib-a- vb., *grab-a- vb.; *grab-ja- n., *grab-a- n., *grab-ō f.; *grab-jō(n-) f.; *grōb-ō f.; *graf-t-u- c.; *grif-t-i- c., *graf-t-i- c.
Russ. meaning: скрести, выкапывать, хоронить
References: WP I 653 f
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: гребу́,
Near etymology: грести́, укр. гребу́, гребсти́, ст.-слав. гребѫ, грети, болг. греба́ "гребу", сербохорв. грѐбе̑м, грѐпсти, словен. grébem, grébsti "рыть, копать", чеш. hřebu, hřésti "хоронить", слвц. hrebiem, hriebst', др.-польск. grzebę, grześć "грести, копать".
Further etymology: Знач. "грести (веслами)" возникло из знач. "рыть"; см. Мейе, RES 7, 1. Родственно лтш. grebt, grebju "выскабливать", greblis "грабли", лит. grė́bti, grė́biu "обрабатывать граблями", др.-шв. græva "рыть", алб. kreh, гег. kref "причесывать", greh "тащу, выдираю" (из *greb-skō). Другая ступень чередования представлена в гот. graban "рыть"; см. гроб (ср. Бернекер 1, 348; Г. Майер, Alb. Wb. 204 и сл.; Цупица, GG 175; М. -- Э. 1, 645 и сл.; Траутман, BSW 95 и сл.). Разграничение слов со знач. "грести" и "скрести, разгребать", а также "рыть" не обосновано; слав. grebǫ "гребу" обозначает способ гребли на внутренних водоемах и реках, о котором говорится у Арриана -- см. Ind. 27, 5: κατάπερ οἱ σκάπτοντες την γῆν; см. Мейе, там же; Перссон (728), вопреки Бернекеру (1, 347). Ср. также тур., чагат. äšmäk "рыть, копать", а также "грести" (Радлов 1, 904). См. также гра́бить, гра́бли.
Pages: 1,454-455
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *greb- vb. tr., *greb-l-ia- c.
Meaning: scrape, dig
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lettish: grebt (bju, -bu) `ausschrapen, aushöhlen, mit einem Grabstichel eingraben', pl. grebji 'sumpfige Niederungen am und im Angerschen See'; greble 'ausgefahrene Wegestelle'; grebe 'ausgefahrene Grube auf dem Wege', grebt `schrapen, aushöhlen, mit dem Gabstichel eingraben', greblis `Schrape, Grabstichel, Hohleisen krummes Schrapeisen, womit man Holzlöffel aushöhlt'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *griban- vb., *graban- vb.; *grabja-n, *graba-n, *grabō; *grabjō(n); *grōbō; *graftu-z; *grifti-z, *grafti-z
Meaning: dig, scrape
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: graban st. `dig'; *graba f. (ō) `rampart'; *grōba f. (ō) `hole'
Old Norse: grafa st. `graben'; gref n. `Hacke, Spaten'; grɔf f. `Höhle, Grube, Grab'; grōf f. `Furche, Grube; Bach'; grɔpt-r, grɔft-r m. `Grab, Begräbnis; das Gravieren'
Norwegian: grava vb.; grev; grov; grōv `Bach, Flussbett'; gröft, greft, gropt
Swedish: grava vb.; gräva vb.; gräv; grav; grift
Danish: grave vb.; grav; gröft `Graben, Grab'
Old English: grafan `Ornamente einkerben, graben, beissen'; gräf n. `Graben, Grab'
English: grave
Old Frisian: greva; gref; greft f. `gracht'
East Frisian: Fris greft, graft
Old Saxon: gravan `graben'; graf; gravo; grūva `Grube'
Middle Dutch: grāven; grāve, grāven m.; gracht, grecht, graft, greft f. `gracht', n. `graaf, begraafplaats'; graf n.; grebbe `slot'; groeve `groeve, kuil, sloot, graf'
Dutch: graven; graaf m. `brede waterloop gracht'; gracht f. `uitgraving; kanaal'; graf n.; greb f.; groeve f.
Old Franconian: gravan; grav-; gruova `Fallgrube'
Middle Low German: grāven; grāve m.; grōve f. `Grube, Höhle, Schacht, Talsenke, Graben'
Old High German: graban (um 800) `graben, eingraben, gravieren'; grabo m. (9.Jh.); grab (8.Jh.); gruoba f. (8.Jh.) `Vertiefung, Abgrund'
Middle High German: graben st. 'graben; eingraben, gravieren; begraben'; grap (-b-) st. n. 'das grab; katafalk'; grabe wk. m. 'graben; spazierweg um den stadtgraben'; md., nd. graft, graht f. `der graben; begräbnis'; gruobe wk./st. f. `Grube, Grab, Loch, Höhlung'
German: graben, Graben m., Grab n., Grube f.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-eastfris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 370
Proto: *korV (*korwV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to scrape, scratch
German meaning: schaben, kratzen, reiben
Finnish: karvi- 'schaben, kratzen, harken, reiben', karvitse- 'Stengel abschneiden' ? [if not < Germ.]
Udmurt (Votyak): kurjal- (S) 'abschaben, abkratzen'
Komi (Zyrian): kural- (S), kurav- (P) 'zusammenharken, wegscharren', kura.l- (PO) 'sammeln'
Mansi (Vogul): karśǝl- (KM) 'mit der Angel kratzend) umhertappen, durch das Wasser ziehen'
Hungarian: horol-, hurul- (dial.) 'reiben, wetzen, kratzen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kōr_-
Meaning : 1 to scratch 2 tusk, fang
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kōr_-
Proto-Telugu : *kōr_-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kor_-k-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kōr_-
Meaning : to scratch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōr_ai
Tamil meaning : a scratch, as on the body
Malayalam : kōr_uka
Malayalam meaning : to tear the flesh by thorns
Malayalam derivates : kōr_u cutting, tearing
Kannada : kōr_e
Kannada meaning : cutting, sharpness, pointedness; a tusk, fang
Kannada derivates : gōr_u to scratch
Kodagu : kōre
Kodagu meaning : tusk of elephant or boar
Tulu : kōruni, gōruni
Tulu meaning : (?) to dig out or up
Number in DED : 2257
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *kōr_-
Meaning : tusk, fang, tooth
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kōr_a
Additional forms : Also kōru to scrape with a grater, (K also) cut, scratch; n. scrapings of coconut; gō̃ku to scratch with nails or the like, scrape
Number in DED : 2257
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kor_-k-
Meaning : to itch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kinwat Kolami : kōk-
Kolami (Setumadhava Rao) : kok- "to itch, scratch"
Naikri : kokk- "to itch, scratch"
Number in DED : 2257
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kol_kin,kogaet-kol_sr,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-dednum,

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