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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`umi ( ~ -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: tent, temporary dwelling
Russian meaning: шалаш, временное жилище
Turkic: *küme
Mongolian: *kömürge
Tungus-Manchu: *xoma-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *küme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dug-out, hut
Russian meaning: землянка, хижина
Turkish: kümüldü, dial. küme
Turkmen: küme
Comments: VEWT 308. An exclusively Oghuz word; traditionally derived from Pers. kuma 'stack, hut' (see Лексика 499), but a reverse direction of borrowing cannot be excluded. Cf. perhaps Karakh. (MK) kümi 'name of a town on the Uyghur border' (?).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kömürge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: storehouse
Russian meaning: хранилище
Written Mongolian: kömürge (L 487)
Middle Mongolian: kumurki 'box' (MA 141)
Khalkha: xömrög
Kalmuck: kömṛg (КРС)
Monguor: komorgo (SM 213), komurgo
Comments: Should be historically distinguished from gömürge (although the two forms have almost merged in Mong.).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xoma-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tent, summer-house
Russian meaning: шалаш, летнее жилище
Negidal: omōxān
Ulcha: χomịra(n)
Nanai: χomarã
Comments: ТМС 2, 17.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳojmV
Meaning: village, hut
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kōi̯m-
Altaic: *k`umi
Uralic: *kOmV
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1370
Proto: *kOmV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: loft, lobby
German meaning: Speicher, Vorratskammer
Finnish: kumo 'Getreidescheune, Getreidehof' ?
Mordovian: kav (E) 'Speicher', kav (M) 'Heulade' ?
Komi (Zyrian): kum (S) 'Vorratskammer der Jäger im Walde, Kleiderkammer in der Ecke auf dem Heuboden' ( > Khanty Trj. kȯ̆m 'Speicher, Vorratsboden', Ni. kŭm 'der Raum unter dem Dache', Mansi Sy. kūm 'чердак'; Komi or Khanty > Nen. P kum 'Speicher, Vorratshaus von russischer Form') ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-mrd,uralet-kom,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVMV
Meaning : house, village
Eurasiatic : *ḳojmV village, hut
Sino-Caucasian : *GwímʡV house
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *GwímʡV
Meaning: house
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *G_winʡV (~ -ħ-,-ʕ-)
Sino-Tibetan: *qĭm ( ~ *qʷĭm)
Basque: *[g]une
Comments and references : WFR 64, LDC 33.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *G_winʡV (~ -ħ-,-ʕ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: village; house
Proto-Nakh: *pħē
Proto-Tsezian: *qʷɨn B
Proto-Lezghian: *muq̇:I(a)
Proto-West Caucasian: *ʁ́Iʷǝna
Notes: The etymology seems reliable semantically and phonetically (although the PN vowel length is not quite clear: the PWC form presupposes a short PNC vowel).

    All other parallels suggested for the PWC form meet serious phonetic obstacles (Trubetzkoy's [1930, 278] comparison with Chech. ben 'nest' etc.; Lomtatidze's [1955] comparison with Old Georg. saq̇udeli, Megr. ʕude, Av. ruq̇: 'house'; Abdokov's [1983, 133] comparison with obvious late loanwords like Gunz. bina 'building' etc.). The Georgian form wani 'house, dwelling', cited by Charaya (1912) and Bouda (1950) is most probably an Adygh loan.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *pħē
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: village
Chechen: pħa
Batsbi: pħe
Comments: Obl. stem *pħāna- (cf. Chech. pħāna-); its vocalism has influenced the Chech. direct stem. 4th class in Chech., 6th class in Bacb.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *qʷɨn B
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: farmstead
Tsezi: qun
Ginukh: qʷen
Khvarshi: qʷan (Radzhibov)
Inkhokvari: qon
Bezhta: qun (Khosh.)
Gunzib: qun (Gunz.)
Comments: PTsKh *qʷǝn; PGB *qun.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *muq̇:I(a)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: village, farmstead
Rutul: muq:I
Comment: Erg. muGGIur (3d class). The word is isolated in Rut., but has probable external parallels.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-rut,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ʁ́Iʷǝna
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: house
Abkhaz: a-ʕʷnǝ́
Abaza: ʕʷna
Adyghe: wǝna
Kabardian: wǝna
Comments: PAT *ʕʷǝnV; PAK *wǝná. It is impossible to compare Ub. ʁʷǝnǝ 'tree' - both for semantic and phonetic reasons (within the correspondence PAT *ʕʷ : PAK *w < PWC *ʁ́Iʷ we would expect w- in Ub.). Unacceptable is Kuipers' attempt (Kuipers 1960) to regard the PAK form as a compound.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *qĭm ( ~ *qʷĭm)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: house
Chinese: *kuŋ palace.
Tibetan: khjim house.
Burmese: im house, LB *ʔim.
Kachin: šǝkum4 wall, to wall.
Lushai: in a house.
Lepcha: khjŭm house
Kiranti: *ʔkìm (/*g-)
Comments: Mikir hem; Moshang yim, yüm; Mru kim; Miri ǝkum; Bahing khyim, khim; Vayu kim, kem; Kanauri kim; Chepang kim; Magari im ~ yum; Meithei yum; Trung čǝ̆m2. Sh. 42, 125, 428; Ben. 26. STEDT 306-307 *k-y[i/u]m 'house; womb'
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-lepcha,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: gōng
Preclassic Old Chinese: kuŋ
Classic Old Chinese: kuŋ
Western Han Chinese: kǝuŋ
Eastern Han Chinese: kǝuŋ
Early Postclassic Chinese: kɨuŋ
Middle Postclassic Chinese: kuŋ
Late Postclassic Chinese: kuŋ
Middle Chinese: küŋ
English meaning : palace, mansion
Russian meaning[s]: 1) дворец; двор; замок; 2) монастырь, храм; 3) 1-я ступень китайской гаммы; 4) 1/12 часть окружности; 5) Гун (фамилия)
Shuowen gloss: 室也.從**.躬省聲.凡宮之屬皆從宮. [342]
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 40
Four-angle index: 1452
Karlgren code: 1006 a-d
Vietnamese reading: cung
Shijing occurrences: 13.2_, 48.1_, 48.2_, 48.3_, 50.1_, 57.1
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-shuowen,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,bigchina-shijing,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 912
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 通合三平東見
ZIHUI: 1362 2687
Beijing: kuŋ 11
Jinan: kuŋ 11
Xi'an: koŋ 11
Taiyuan: kuŋ 1
Hankou: koŋ 11
Chengdu: koŋ 11
Yangzhou: kɔuŋ 11
Suzhou: koŋ 11
Wenzhou: ćyoŋ 11
Changsha: koŋ 11
Shuangfeng: kaŋ 11; kǝn 11
Nanchang: kuŋ 11
Meixian: kiuŋ 11
Guangzhou: kuŋ 11
Xiamen: kiɔŋ 11
Chaozhou: keŋ 11
Fuzhou: kyŋ 11
Shanghai: koŋ 1
Zhongyuan yinyun: kuŋ 1
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *ʔkìm (/*g-)
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: house
Sunwar: khī̃
Kaling: kam
Limbu: khim, him
Dumi: kīm
Kulung: khim
Yamphu: khim
Comments: Toba 91 *ka_m.
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-kal,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-kul,kiret-yam,kiret-notes,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: him
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: house, home.
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: ki:m
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: house
Nepali: ghar.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: khim
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: house
Nepali: ghar.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: khim
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: house.
Nepali: ghar
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,yamet-nepali,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *[g]une
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: place, space, situation, moment
Bizkaian: une
Gipuzkoan: une
High Navarrese: gune, une
Low Navarrese: gune, (Amikuse) güne
Lapurdian: gune
Baztanese: gune
Zuberoan: gǘne, üne
Roncalese: gune
Comments: une < *bune < *gʷune, a change that only partially carried through.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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